Authors: Prof. Sadhana Chougule, Vaishnavi Lad, Sayali Patil, Gauri Pise, Sourabh Pethkar
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In this project, we design and develop an advanced weather station system using an ESP32 microcontroller, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, and air quality sensor. The primary objectives of this project are data collection, visualization, and auditory feedback. The ESP32 microcontroller acts as the central processing unit and connects to the internet via Wi-Fi to transmit real-time sensor data to an IoT platform. This platform stores and manages the data, making it accessible from anywhere with an internet connection. Users can monitor temperature, humidity, and air quality remotely through a user-friendly web interface Additionally, the project incorporates a display screen that provides local, real-time weather information for on-site users. This display enhances the accessibility of weather data, even in the absence of internet connectivity. To ensure inclusivity and accessibility, the system employs a speech-to-text algorithm implemented in Python. At predefined intervals, the system announces the sensor data via a speaker using text-to-speech (TTS) technology. This feature aids visually impaired individuals in accessing weather information in an auditory format. The combination of sensor integration, IoT connectivity, data visualization, and text-to-speech capabilities creates a comprehensive and user-friendly weather monitoring system suitable for both personal and public use. This project demonstrates the potential of IoT technologies to improve data accessibility and inclusivity in weather monitoring applications. IQ test continue to be one of most reliable tools to measure intelligence skills of the human. The Intelligence Quotient (IQ) tests and the corresponding psychometric explanations dominate both the scientific and popular views about human intelligence. Though the IQ tests have been in currency for long, there exists a gap in what they are believed to measure and what they do. While the IQ tests index the quality of cognitive functioning in selected domains of mental repertoire, the applied settings often inflate their predictive value leading to an interpretive gap.
Air quality is a critical component of our environment, profoundly affecting human health and the quality of life. With the increasing urbanization and industrialization of our cities, monitoring and managing air quality has become a pressing concern. In this context, this project introduces an innovative solution for air quality detection and real-time voice announcements, designed to provide accurate information and enhance awareness of air quality conditions. This introductory section outlines the literature survey, discusses the limitations of existing systems, and presents the proposed system as a comprehensive response to these challenges. Air is getting polluted because of the release of toxic gases by industries, vehicle emissions and increased concentration of harmful gases and particulate matter in the atmosphere. The level of pollution is increasing rapidly due to factors like industries, urbanization, increase in population, vehicle use which can affect human health. Particulate matter is one of the most important parameters having a significant contribution to the increase in air pollution. This creates a need for measurement and analysis of real-time air quality monitoring so that appropriate decisions can be taken in a timely period.
In an era characterized by the proliferation of smart technologies and interconnected devices, the Internet of Things (IoT) has emerged as a transformative force, revolutionizing the way we collect, process, and utilize data. Within the realm of IoT applications, environmental monitoring stands as a pivotal domain with profound implications for public safety, health, and general well-being. The Internet of Things (IoT) describes the network of physical objects “things” that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems over the internet. These devices range from ordinary household objects to sophisticated industrial tools. For air quality monitoring, a number of heterogeneous sensors are used in each sensor mote to measure several to dozens of parameters, such as particulate matter, ozone, sulfur oxides, volatile oxide compounds, ammonia, carbon oxides, nitrogen oxides, and other meteorological variables. The number of sensor motes are also densely located over the study area for comprehensive coverage and high spatiotemporal resolution of the collected data.
II. RELEVANCE OF WORK
The relevance of this project is underscored by the growing concern for environmental health, safety, and climate change. IoT-based weather stations have the potential to empower individuals, industries, and governments with actionable insights. Additionally, the integration of voice announcements amplifies its relevance by making this data more accessible and immediate for a broader audience.
This project's implications extend beyond mere data collection; it aligns with broader initiatives aimed at enhancing environmental stewardship, public safety, and accessibility. It offers a glimpse into a future where our environment is monitored and communicated with unprecedented precision and clarity.
In the ensuing sections, we will delve deeper into the existing literature, elaborate on the relevance of this work, outline our proposed methodologies, and describe the experimental and analytical approaches that underpin this innovative IoT-based Weather Station with Voice Announcement project.
III. LITERATURE REVIEW
“Air Quality Sensing and Reporting System using IOT”, Second International Conference on Inventive in Computing Applications (ICIRCA), 2020- (Rohan Kumar Jha)
The system presented in this paper is an advanced real time air quality reporting system supported with Internet Of things (IOT) architecture. Degrading air quality has been a matter of concern nowadays and real time monitoring of air quality helps us to keep a check on it.Air Quality Index(AQ I) is the scale to measure how polluted the air is. Greater AQI indicates more dangerous air is for human health. The model presented here uses a combination of the Arduino UNO software and hardware along with a Gas sensor - MQ135, MQ7 and dust sensor GP2Y1010AU0F which help in detecting gases like NO2, CO and PM2.5 while measuring their amount decently. Further, this research work monitor the Air Quality over an IOT analytics platform - ThingSpeak using internet connected with the hardware via the Wi-Fi module ESP8266. It can also integrate the real time data into our mobile phone app which is specifically created for this purpose using Android Studio. The circuit finally displays the PPM values as well as Air Quality level of gases on an Android application which fetches data from ThingSpeak. The current model is implemented successfully and can be deployed for real system implementations.
“IoT based Indoor Air Quality Monitoring system using Raspberry Pi4”, International Conference on Electronics, Communication and Aerospace Technology (ICECA), 2020- (Syed Faiazuddhin, M.V. Lakshmaianh, K. Tanveer Alam, M. Ravikiran)
Poor quality is a major concern in urbanized areas. With more than 85% of people exposed to high levels of a particular matter. According to the World Health Organization, people are more cautious to look up the quality of air, their health by focusing on the spaces where they spend most of their time at home, school etc., and in their car. In this concept, a system with low power and data consumption is introduced. In this article, the air quality using a Raspberry Pi4 with Grove - Air Quality Sensor v1.3, CCS811 CO2 Air Quality Sensor, DHT 11 Temperature and Humidity Sensor were discussed. The communication between the sensor and Raspberry Pi4 will be through a serial port communication protocol and the code is implemented on the Python interface. Air pollution is a global environmental health problem many peoples are dying every year due to some of the visible and invisible parameters like small particles, gases and so on. Most of the parameters of the environment to be monitored such as volume of CO, CO2, Temp, Humidity, Gas Leakage, Smoke, temperature sensor, and etc. These parameters information can received by Rasp Pi4, Arduino Uno and process the information and transmitted to clouds where they are being continuously monitored and information will be stored in the cloud database.
“Bus as a sensor: A mobile sensor nodes network for the air quality monitoring”, IEEE 13th International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing Networking and Communication (WiMob), 2017- (Salvatore Michele Biondi, Vincenzo Catania, Salvatore Monteleone, Carmelo Polito)
Air pollution is an important issue due to its direct impact on human health. To cope with this problem, in urban areas a “monitor and react” approach, based on measurements provided use of static monitoring stations, is commonly adopted introducing constrains to the amount of areas that can be monitored within the city. With the rise of the Internet of Things paradigm, new air monitoring models based on mobile sensors networks have been proposed. In this paper, we present the concept of Bus as a Sensor (BaaS): an air quality monitoring system based on mobile sensor nodes placed upon buses. This work aims to provide a high-resolution air quality map to report pollutants measurements and facilitate the analysis to support the government decisions in order to reduce the pollution. The proposed paper describes the system architecture and the requirements of sensor nodes to depict the implementation concepts and lay the foundations for future experiments on field.
IV. PROPOSE SYSTEM
The methodology section outlines the strategies and approaches to achieve the project's objectives, combining both experimental and analytical methods:
A. Experimental Methodology
B. Analytical Methodology
C. Techniques to be Used
By integrating these components and techniques, the system can offer comprehensive air quality monitoring and user-friendly voice announcements, making it a valuable tool for enhancing indoor air quality awareness and decision-making.
D. System Architecture
E. Data Flow Diagram
VII. FUTURE WORK
The Air quality detection and voice announcement system has a promising future scope, with opportunities for further development and enhancements:
The future of air quality monitoring and notification systems holds immense potential for improving public health, environmental awareness, and decision-making. As technology advances and the need for clean air becomes more pressing, the system can continue to evolve and provide valuable solutions for individuals, communities, and governments.
In conclusion, the development of an air quality detection and voice announcement system represents a significant step toward enhancing air quality awareness and providing timely information for informed decision-making. This system, which integrates various hardware components and software modules, offers a valuable tool for monitoring air quality and delivering critical information to users. In an era where environmental concerns are paramount, the air quality detection and voice announcement system addresses an essential need. By enhancing awareness and providing users with actionable data, this system contributes to the well-being of individuals and the sustainable development of communities, setting the stage for a healthier and more informed future.
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Copyright © 2023 Prof. Sadhana Chougule, Vaishnavi Lad, Sayali Patil, Gauri Pise, Sourabh Pethkar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.