Authors: Sahana S Madiwalar, Dr. R. Subash Chandra Bose, Prof. ShivaShankar K M
Certificate: View Certificate
The Composite structures made of concrete slabs and rolled steel profiles are widely used components in bridges and High buildings. Composite effects are created by connecting concrete slabs and steel profiles with chemical anchors. In this paper, I analyze three types of shear connectors ( Headstud, T shape, Channel section ) with different grade of concrete M-20, M-30, M-40 based on design strength given by the code book IS: 11384-1985. Based on their performance under static load, find the best connector for a particular composite beam while maintaining the stress and amount of steel in the connector as a common aspect.
Composite beams, which are constructed by laying concrete slabs on concrete beams and connecting them with steel or shear connectors, are structural elements that are commonly used in structures such as bridges and skyscrapers. Bridges and buildings frequently use plate and beam structures. Plate girder interaction is enabled by shear connectors welded to the top of the steel girder flange. You can eliminate slippage between the beams and the concrete slabs by using proper connections. As a result, the steel beam and plate behave as a "composite beam," similar to a monolithic T-beam.
Steel-concrete composite structures, particularly multi-layer steel frames, have a significant market share in a number of European countries, as well as the United States, Canada, and Australia. This is primarily due to decreased construction depth, reduced steel weight, and rapid construction programmers. By combining structural elements to form a single compound section, the compound action improves structural efficiency. By reducing materials, slimming floor depth, and speeding up the structure, composite beam construction offers significant cost savings. Furthermore, this system is known for its increased stiffness and strength when compared to non-composite solutions. Composite beams are structural members made of two or more different materials that are connected in some way to function as a single unit.
A reinforced concrete composite beam is a simple example of a composite beam in a building structure. Wide steel shapes like I and W are fixed in the laboratory's concrete floors. Reinforced wood, concrete wood, and plastic concrete are all examples of composite beams. The composite beams shown here differ from the fibre reinforced polymer beams shown in the figure below.
The goal is to test the effect of the number, size, and height of shear connectors in composite beams. These verifications were accomplished through the investigation of longitudinal slip in the slab beam interface, vertical deformation at mid span, and composite beam bearing capacity. The results were compared to standards and other dates identified in the examined literature.
III. LITRATURE REVIEW
IV. PROBLEM OUTLINE
There has been little research into using ANSYS to model partial interaction of steel concrete composite beams. ANSYS is appropriate for engineering simulation programmes because it is based on the finite element method and can solve relatively simple linear analyses as well as nonlinear simulations. ANSYS has a large library of elements that allow us to model almost any type of geometry. It also includes a large number of material models that allow us to simulate the behaviour of various materials such as metals, polymers, and rubber composites, reinforced, crushable, concrete, and resilient foams. ANSYS provides a wide range of simulation capabilities for linear and nonlinear problems. The geometry of each component is defined with appropriate material models and component interactions to model problems with many components. ANSYS automatically selects load increments and continuously adjusts convergence and tolerances during a non-linear analysis to ensure the correct solution is obtained
VI. RESEARCH APPROACH
Finite element model has been created using ANSYS. Data from different published experimental results were collected and modelling has been developed. Behaviour of shear connectors in composite beam has to be found out. The objective was achieved by carrying out analysis of composite beams as follows.
VII. SHEAR CONNECTORS
Composite construction provides monolithic action between pre-fabricated units such as steel beams, pre-cast reinforced concrete, pre-stressed concrete beams, and cast in-situ concrete, allowing two elements to act as a single unit. Although there is some natural bonding between the concrete slab and the steel beam in the early phases, this connection cannot be relied on because it is likely to erode due to use and over load. Mechanical shear connectors are thus given to assist the steel and concrete elements in acting in a composite manner without ignoring the contribution offered by the inbuilt natural bond. Shear connectors are primarily recommended to resist horizontal movement between the concrete slab and the steel beam and to spread horizontal shear between the concrete slab and the steel beam. Shear connectors are also utilised to prevent the slab from vertically separating from the steel gurder at the contact surface. As a result, shear connectors must be constructed to provide integral action of the composite structure under all load circumstances, as follows: a) Without slip, transmit longitudinal shear along the surface in contact. b) To prevent vertical separation of in-situ RC slabs from pre-fabricated steel beams.
VIII. PARTIAL INTERACTION
In reality, it is expected that there is no slide at the interface of a steel-concrete composite beam when using a stiff form of shear connector. However, research over the years have revealed that even when utilising a rigid form of connector in a composite beam, there is always some slide at the interface. As a result, it is not possible to create a completely firm link. The flexibility of the connector also improves the ductility of the connection.
The connectors are expected to resist the longitudinal shear force even when deformed to determine the shear resistance and shear capacity of the connection. The resistance of the beam is determined by the shear resistance of the connections. The slip that happens at the interface as a result of the deformations has a significant impact on the stiffness of the composite beam.
Types of Interactions:-
IX. ANSYS MODELS
Thickness of slab- 125 mm
Partition load – 1.5 KN/m2 Floor finish load – 0.5 KN/m2
Imposed load- 3 KN/m2
fck – 30 N/mm2
fy – 415 N/mm2
Density of concrete – 24 KN/m3
Sectional properties:- ISMB 450
D – 450 mm Zx – 1350 x 103 mm3
tf – 17.4 mm ry – 30.1 mm
tw – 9.4 mm
Ix – 303.9 x 106 mm4
Iy – 8.34 x 106 mm4
1) The FE model developed considers the linear and nonlinear material parameters of the shear stud and concrete. 2) The ANSYS model results have been validated and are extremely close to the published results. According to the convergence study, when the mesh size drops, the results tend to increase and are significantly different from the findings obtained from the large meshing size described in the literature. 3) As stud diameter grows, so does load carrying capacity. 4) Based on the finite element analysis results, it can be determined that the channel type shear connection has less deformation than the other types and the headstud type connector has the most deformation for the given load. 5) The FE model developed considers the linear and nonlinear material parameters of the shear stud and concrete. 6) The ANSYS model results have been validated and are extremely close to the published results. According to the convergence study, when the mesh size drops, the results tend to increase and are significantly different from the findings obtained from the large meshing size described in the literature. 7) As stud diameter grows, so does load carrying capacity. 8) Based on the finite element analysis results, it can be determined that the channel type shear connection has less deformation than the other types and the headstud type connector has the most deformation for the given load.
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Copyright © 2022 Sahana S Madiwalar, Dr. R. Subash Chandra Bose, Prof. ShivaShankar K M. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.