Authors: Dnyaneshwar Patkulkar, Shrikant Barawkar, Ruturaj Ajagekar, Shobha Nikam
Certificate: View Certificate
We have seen that workers are facing various problems when working in mass production factories, most famously in the manufacturing of cars and many more applications. So that we came up with the solution to tackled these problems. Witha robotic arm and a gripper technology is used to pick and place things. It can be used for the selection and placement of objects according on the situation. Wireless operation of this arm is mounted on the top of the vehicle using with an Android smartphone. The android phone acts as the controller and is used to transfer Bluetooth signals. The vehicle can be moved forward, backward, left, and right using these commands. Two motors are employed at the receiver, which are used to move the vehicle and the Servo motors are used to handle the arm and gripper movements. The android phone acts as a remote to control the vehicle. With the help of Bluetooth technology communications can be established with the vehicle & a robotic arm via Arduino. T the driver IC are used to control the required motors after receiving the commands from Android application. Any Android device will be able to control the vehicle remotely. This device with robotic device may help industries and can used in domestic application such that it will reduce human effort
The advancement in robotics technology has opened up new possibilities in many fields, including disaster relief, industrial automation, and exploration. With the increasing demand formore efficient and safe ways of performing tasks in these challenging environments, there is a need for robots that can operate autonomously or be controlled remotely. The development of Android-based vehicles equipped with robotic arms is one such solution that is gaining traction in recent years.
The Android-based vehicle with a robotic arm combines the mobility of a vehicle with the dexterity of a robotic arm, making it an ideal platform for tasks that require both mobility and manipulation. With the integration of sensors and Android-based control systems, the vehicle can be remotely operated, allowing the operator to access and perform tasks in hazardous or inaccessible locations. The modular design of the robotic arm also allows for the attachment of different tools and payloads, making it versatile and adaptable for a wide range of tasks.
This project aims to develop an Android-based vehicle with a robotic arm that can be remotely operated using an Android application. The vehicle is equipped with various sensors, including a camera, temperature sensor, and obstacle detection sensors, to aid in navigation and the execution of tasks. The robotic arm is designed to be modular, allowing for the attachment of different tools and payloads to suit various tasks. With this system, we hope to provide a costeffective and efficient solution for remote operation and execution of tasks in challenging environments.
A. Objective of the System
II. PROPOSED METHODOLOGY
With a robotic arm and a gripper technology is used to pick and place things. It can be used for the selection and placement of objects according on the situation. Wireless operation of this arm is mounted on the top of the vehicle using with an Android smartphone. The android phone acts as the controller and is used to transfer Bluetooth signals. The vehicle can be moved forward, backward, left, and right using these commands. Two motors are employed at the receiver, which are used to move the vehicle and the Servo motors are used to handle the arm and gripper movements.
The development of an Android-based vehicle with a robotic arm involves several steps and methodologies. The following are the methods used in the development of the system:
4) Testing and Validation: The system is tested to ensure that it meets the design requirements and performs the intended functions. The testing involves both hardware and software testing to ensure that the system is reliable and efficient.
5) Deployment: The final step in the development process is the deployment of the system. The system is deployed in the target environment, and the operator can remotely control the vehicle and the robotic arm using the Android application.
Overall, the development of an Android-based vehicle with a robotic arm involves a combination of mechanical, electrical, and software engineering methodologies. The integration of these methodologies ensures the development of a robust and efficient system that can perform tasks in challenging environments.
III. SYSTEM DESIGN
A. Robotic Arm
Robotic arms are used in various applications such as manufacturing, assembly lines, and scientific research.
The robotic arm is created keeping in mind that it has to place on the top of the vehicle and can also be controlled remotely. The diameter of the base id 31mm. Length of the arm from base to shoulder is 80mm. The arm from shoulder to elbow is 80mm. The arms of upper elbow and lower elbow are 46.3mm and 35mm respectively. The gripper can wide open up to 50mm.
Vehicle design is the process of designing and developing a vehicle that meets the specific needs and requirements of the intended use. The design process involves several steps and considerations, including:
Another main component of the project is the remote-controlled vehicle which can be controlled using an android application which is interfaced with the hardware of the vehicle controller. The GUI in the application gives an idea about the vehicle controls and is much easier to use. The command given by the application is processed on the controller and controls the gear motors giving user full control of the vehicle.
The movement of the vehicle is controlled by the gear motors. The motion of the motors decides the orientation and the moments of the vehicle.
The four-degree-of-freedom robotic arm with the specified joint angles can be used in various applications. For example, it can be used in manufacturing to assemble small components or in the healthcare industry for surgical procedures. The arm's ability to reach high and low positions makes it suitable for use in assembly lines, where it can pick up and move objects at different heights. The gripper's adjustable angle makes it suitable for various applications. A 30-degree angle is ideal for picking up delicate objects, such as medical equipment, while a 45-degree angle is suitable for picking up larger objects, such as automotive components.
V. RESULT AND DISCUSSION
The android application working as an interface, will transmit signals to Arduino via Bluetooth module. Transmitted signals will include instruction i.e., to move left, right, forward and backward. Also, it includes rotation of servo motors. Further, these received signals at Arduino via Bluetooth module leads to control of the vehicles and Robotic Arm. Hence, the Robotic Arm will able to lift different object and it will drop at desired location.
I am delighted to express my sincere and profound gratitude to my supervisor, Dr. Shobha Nikam, Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, for her invaluable guidance, unwavering support, and assistance in pursuing further studies in adaptive signal processing. Her expertise and encouragement have been pivotal in shaping my understanding of the subject matter and in the successful completion of this work. I would also like to extend my appreciation to the Head of the Department, Dr. M. P. Sardey, and the Project Coordinator, Dr. Shobha Nikam, along with all the members of the Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering at AISSMS IOIT, Pune, for their cooperation in various capacities.
The motivation for this work stems from the inspiring leadership of our esteemed Principal, Dr. P. B. Mane, whose vision and dedication have been a constant source of inspiration to me.
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Copyright © 2023 Dnyaneshwar Patkulkar, Shrikant Barawkar, Ruturaj Ajagekar, Shobha Nikam. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.