Authors: Vaishnavi Shravan A Raju, GS Nagaraja
Certificate: View Certificate
ATM networks use a range of technologies, including wired and wireless communication systems, advanced security features, and specialized hardware components to provide various financial services to customers. Traffic management techniques are also employed to ensure efficient use of network resources. ABR (Available Bit Rate) traffic management is a specific technique that allows the network to analyze traffic levels and adjust bandwidth allocation in real-time, ensuring optimal network performance. By implementing these technologies, ATM networks are able to provide a high-quality user experience while managing network traffic in an efficient and effective manner.
Asynchronous Transfer Mode is a high-speed networking technology. This would provide number of services WRT efficient data transfer, good video, and accurate voice. This is a switching method used by telecommunications networks which reduces information into packets, fixed-sized cells using asynchronous time-division multiplexing. This provides both Real-time as well as Non-Real Time Services for transferring data. It occupies high Bandwidth and low delay, which is used in Telecom, media, and
much other industries, ATM networks are guaranteed to operate effectively and reliably.
In the following review, we shall survey about the ATM networks and its components. Such as, number of services, ABR traffic Management for analyzing traffic. Traffic management system concentrates on controlling network congestion, allocation of system services and to have good Quality of Services. Comparison of ATM networks for other technologies such as Ethernet, IP Address of the network. This survey gives design and deployment of ATM networks for numerous applications.
A. Broadband-ISDN Protocol Model
The pillar figure depicts the architecture of the ATM protocol. Like X.25, ATM is a technique of transmitting packets over a network interface. The use of common channel signaling by X25 as opposed to control signaling on a separate channel by ATM is one way that the two protocols differ from one another. Another distinction is that, unlike ATM packet sizes, X25 packet lengths are automatically decided and are referred to as sales.
A method of communication used for transmitting information among networked devices is called ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode). The user plane and the control plane are the two primary planes that make up the ATM protocols architecture.
While ATM associations are created and handled by the control plane, user data is sent via the user plane. The user plane consists of the extra two layers known as the ATM adaptation layer (AAL) and the ATM layer.
User data must be converted into ATM cells, the fundamental units of data transport in ATM networks, by the AAL layer. There are several AAL kinds, each of which is intended for a certain kind of data, such as speech, video, or data.
ATM connections must be established and maintained by the control plane. It also involves regulating traffic flow through virtual networks (VCs), that serve as logical links between network components. To ensure dependable data transport, the control plane also has methods for fixing mistakes and flow management. Figure 1.1 depicts the Protocol Architecture.
II. ATM NETWORK TOOLS AND TECHNOLOGIES
Hardware and Software tools used in ATM networks:
III. SERVICES PROVIDED IN ATM NETWORK
Various services offered by ATM networks such as:
IV. RECENT DEVELOPMENT IN ATM NETWORKS
ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) networks have been in use for decades, but recent developments have brought about new technologies that enhance their capabilities. These developments include advancements in network security, traffic management, and integration with other networking technologies such as IP and MPLS.
a. Traffic Management And Shaping
Traffic management and shaping are essential techniques used in ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) networks to ensure efficient use of network resources and reliable service delivery.
Traffic shaping involves regulating the flow of data to manage network congestion, while traffic management techniques such as ABR (Available Bit Rate) and UBR (Unspecified Bit Rate) enable dynamic allocation of network bandwidth based on network traffic. These techniques ensure that important data is given priority and that network resources are utilized efficiently, resulting in consistent and reliable user experiences.
2. IP-over-ATM integration: The integration of IP (Internet Protocol) and ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) networks enables the transmission of IP traffic over ATM networks. This integration is achieved through the use of protocols such as Classical IP-over-ATM (CLIP) and Multiprotocol-over-ATM (MPOA). CLIP provides a way for IP traffic to be encapsulated in ATM cells, while MPOA enables the efficient forwarding of IP traffic across ATM networks. This integration enables the delivery of IP services over ATM networks and provides a flexible and scalable solution for data transmission.
3. ATM-over-SONET integration: The integration of ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) and SONET (Synchronous Optical Network) networks enables the transmission of ATM traffic over SONET networks. This integration is achieved through the use of protocols such as ATM-over-SONET (AoS). AoS provides a way for ATM cells to be transported over SONET frames, enabling the efficient transmission of ATM traffic across SONET networks. This integration enables the delivery of ATM services over SONET networks and provides a reliable and scalable solution for data transmission.
4. MPLS-over-ATM integration: The integration of MPLS (Multiprotocol Label Switching) and ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) networks enables the transmission of MPLS traffic over ATM networks. This integration is achieved through the use of protocols such as MPLS-over-ATM (MoA). MoA provides a way for MPLS traffic to be encapsulated in ATM cells and enables the efficient forwarding of MPLS traffic across ATM networks. This integration enables the delivery of MPLS services over ATM networks and provides a flexible and scalable solution for data transmission.
ATM was a popular networking technology in the late 1990s and early 2000s, but it has largely been replaced by newer technologies like Ethernet and IP (Internet Protocol) networks. ATM was designed to provide high-speed data transfer rates, low latency, and the ability to handle different types of traffic such as voice, video, and data. It accomplished this by using fixed-length cells for data transfer, which allowed for more efficient use of bandwidth than traditional packet-based networks. However, ATM had some limitations, including high cost, complexity, and lack of scalability. These factors made it less appealing to businesses and organizations looking for more cost-effective and easier-to-manage networking solutions. Today, ATM is mainly used in legacy systems, such as older banking networks and some telecom applications. Overall, while ATM played an important role in the development of networking technology, its use has largely been superseded by newer and more flexible technologies.
 H. Yu, M. Perla and F. Liu, \"A Multiple Access Protocol for Multimedia Transmission over 5G Wireless Asynchronous Transfer Mode Network,\" 2021 IEEE World AI IoT Congress (AIIoT), Seattle, WA, USA, 2021, pp. 0319-0324, doi: 10.1109/AIIoT52608.2021.9454218.  Al-Wahshat, Hassan, and Takialddin A. Al Smadi. \"Design & Implementation Networks operation for ATM Technology-Based high Performance Computing.\" Egypt. Comput. Sci. J. 35.1 (2011).  Kandlur, D. D., Saha, D., & Willebeek-LeMair, M. (1996). Protocol architecture for multimedia applications over ATM networks. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 14(7), 1349-1359.  Varadharajan, Vijay, Rajan Shankaran, and Michael Hitchens. \"Security issues in asynchronous transfer mode.\" Information Security and Privacy: Second Australasian Conference, ACISP\'97 Sydney, NSW, Australia, July 7–9, 1997 Proceedings 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1997.  Priya, J. S., Thennarasu, S., Hemalatha, M., Karthikeyan, M., Meenakshi, B., & Sivaprasad, R. (2022, December). Voice Based Motile Video Surveillance System with ViolenceDetection. In 2022 International Conference on Power, Energy, Control and Transmission Systems (ICPECTS) (pp. 1-4). IEEE  Greyson, K. A. (2021, May). Asynchronous Transmission Mode as the Entry Point of Teleradiology Connectivity in Developing Countries: Case Study Tanzania. In 2021 IST-Africa Conference (IST-Africa) (pp. 1-8). IEEE.  Chandra, I., Sowmiya, G., Charulatha, G., Gomathi, S., & Anusuya, R. (2023, January). An efficient Intelligent Systems for Low-Power Consumption Zigbee-Based Wearable Device for Voice Data Transmission. In 2023 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Knowledge Discovery in Concurrent Engineering (ICECONF) (pp. 1-7). IEEE.  Z. Yang et al., \"Asynchronous Focusing Time Reversal Wireless Power Transfer for Multi-Users With Equal Received Power Assignment,\" in IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 150744-150752, 2021, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3119623.  D. Dubey, T. P. Singh and A. Bhattacharjee, \"Design of ATM Network Architecture that interoperate with Higher Level Protocols in 5G environment,\" 2021 Third International Conference on Inventive Research in Computing Applications (ICIRCA), Coimbatore, India, 2021, pp. 341-346, doi: 10.1109/ICIRCA51532.2021.9544934.  H. Eraydin and A. F. Bakan, \"Efficiency Comparison of Asynchronous and Synchronous Buck Converter,\" 2020 6th International Conference on Electric Power and Energy Conversion Systems (EPECS), Istanbul, Turkey, 2020, pp. 30-33, doi: 10.1109/EPECS48981.2020.9304966.  M. Kadoch, \"ATM signalling: a tutorial,\" Proceedings 1995 Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, Montreal, QC, Canada, 1995, pp. 420-423 vol.1, doi: 10.1109/CCECE.1995.528164.
Copyright © 2023 Vaishnavi Shravan A Raju, GS Nagaraja . This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.