Authors: Onkar Madhavi, Shivani Khente, Sumit Kolipyaka, Pallavi Chandratre
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COVID-19 epidemic has fleetly affected our day-to- day life dismembering the world trade and movements. Wearing a defensive face mask has become a new normal. In the near future, numerous public service providers will ask the guests to wear masks rightly to benefit of their services. Thus, face mask recognition has turn out to be a pivotal task to help global society. This paper presents a simpli?ed approach to achieve this purpose using some introductory Machine Learning packages like TensorFlow, Keras, OpenCV and Scikit- Learn. The projected system detects the face from the image appropriately and then identi?es if it has a mask on it or not. As a surveillance task executor, it can also distinguish a face along with a mask in motion. The system attains precision up to95.77 and 94.58 independently on two different datasets. We discover optimized values of parameters using the Convolutional Neural Network model to spot the presence of masks rightly without causing over-?tting.
According to the official World Health Organization (WHO) ’s Situation Report - 205, coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infected more than 20 million people worldwide and caused the deaths of more than 0.7 million people. People with COVID-19 had a number of reported symptoms - from mild appearance to severe illness. Respiratory complications such as shortness of breath or difficulty breathing are one of them. People with respiratory problems can expose anyone (close to them) to an infectious bead. To prevent certain respiratory infections, including COVID-19, wearing a clinical mask is very necessary. The WHO emphasizes the importance of prioritizing medical masks and respirators for health care workers. Therefore, the need of a face mask has become an important activity in today's world society. Individuals wear face masks the moment they leave their homes and the authorities strongly suggest that people wear face masks and follow the rules of social isolation while in groups and in public places. To ensure that people stick to this uncomplicated safety principle, a plan must be developed. In this project, we created a system that can spot social distances between people and distinguish between mask covered and uncovered faces. The problem is the acquisition of a common object to determine the categories of objects. Face-to-face is related to the division of a particular business group namely, Face. It has many applications, such as automatic driving, education system, surveillance system etc. This paper presents an easy way to achieve the above target using basic Machine Learning (ML) packages such as TensorFlow, Keras, OpenCV and Scikit-Learn.
II. LITERATURE SURVEY
Rapid object detection using a boosted cascade of the simple features by Paul Viola, Michael Jones we will conclude that the model of the face mask spotter is made using algorithms of decision trees. Face mask recipients in this category were very effective in locating a face mask .
An approach to face detection and recognition method by D. Meena and R. Sharan we can conclude that in the face-to-face approach, the face is found in a picture that has a few features in it and the facial detection study requires facial recognition, facial tracking, and measurement of shape .
Detecting the Faces with Masks in the Wild by S's LLE-CNN. Ge, J. Li, Q. Ye and Z. we conclude that the blurring of facial recognition comes with two major challenges: 1) the unavailability of large databases containing both covered and uncovered surface, and 2) removal of the surface from the covered area .
Plant Leaf Recognition and Disease Detection using Deep Learning by Sammy V. Militante1, Bobby D. Gerardo?, Nanette V. Dionisio? can conclude that Deep Learning covers a very large number of sensory networks that use multiple processor cores for computer processing and video cards  .
III. PROBLEM DEFINITION
In this new era when we are facing an epidemic and people around us are being advised to wear a mask, some people are unfamiliar with it and avoid wearing a mask. The purpose of this project is that if we can get Al's help to find people wearing or not wearing masks in public places, it would be supportive to increase our safety. Used properly, masks can be used to help ensure our safety. Also, it is very stressful to live in this time, to see so many things happening in his world, we decided why we should not do something in it that is, to change the problem of the real world where we humans have to wear a mask to get out into a machine learning problem. The task here is to detect whether people are wearing a mask or not, if a photo or video is provided. It is a problem of classification and a problem of dividing into 2 different categories (Mask and Without Mask).
IV. PROPOSED SYSTEM
With reference to figure 1
9. where C is the center of the binding box. Xmin and Xmax are the minimum and maximum values ??of the corresponding width of the binding box. Ymin and Ymax are the lowest and highest values ??of the equivalent length of the binding box. To measure the distance C1 (Xmax - Xmin) and C2 (Ymax - Ymin), between the center of each binding box, using the Euclidean formula, see equation (2), where the distance between the pixels is translated into a metric (distance range) and view-covered viewing field and then compared to a threshold value:
10. In the case of color detection, the operator receives 2 binding boxes and with a distance below the threshold value, these boxes can be colored red. If this function finds 2 binding boxes and the distance is above the maximum value, the color will be green on these boxes. Estimated distance (D) between the center of each binding box to the recipient, whereas D is the distance between the centers of the binding boxes.
We would like to show gratitude to our project guide Prof. Pallavi Chandratre who motivated and supported us to make this project a success. Our project guide enabled us to persevere with her professional guidance, kind advice, and timely inspiration which has helped us decide on our project. We really wish to thank our project coordinator Prof. Reena Deshmukh for all the support we needed from her throughout our work. We also extend our deepest gratitude to our HOD Dr. Uttara Gogate who helped us make computer resources available for our project in our laboratory and made it a real success. Without her good and deep cooperation, our work would have been in jeopardy. Finally, we would like to thank our college principal Dr. P. R. Rodge for providing laboratory services and allowing for the continuation of our work. We would also like to thank our partners who helped us directly or indirectly during our project
This manuscript has presented research on the facemask of real-time and social distance acquisition through in-depth learning strategies in the form of Convolutional Neural Networks. This process provides accurate and fast results for facemask detection. Test results show a degree of accuracy in determining people who wear a face mask and who do not wear a face mask. The trained model was able to perform its function using the VGG-16 CNN model and achieved a result of 96% operational accuracy. In addition, research shows a good tool for combating the spread of the COVID-19 virus by finding someone wearing a mask or not. Future works include the integration of physical distancing, wherein the camera detects the person wearing a facemask or not and at the same time measures the distance between each person and creates a red bounding box if the physical distancing does not observe properly. Also, the researchers suggest a different optimizer, improved parameter settings, fine-tuning, and use of adaptive transfer learning models.
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Copyright © 2022 Onkar Madhavi, Shivani Khente, Sumit Kolipyaka, Pallavi Chandratre. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.