Authors: Prof. Pratik Ghutke, Aakash Shankarpale, Shubham Chintalwar, Nutankumar Harshe, Vyankatesh Bhavar, Aditi Dhole, Priyanka Betal
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Now a day’s vehicle parking is an important issue and day by day its necessity is increasing. In India we are still using the manual vehicle parking system and that is why we are facing problems like wastage of time and fuel finding free space around the parking ground when we need to park our car which requires a good amount of lighting. Another issue is chaos that happens while parking because there is no particular system anyone can park anywhere that sometime causes damage to the vehicles while moving out or in the parking lot. Security is also an issue there. To solve these problems we are introducing new car parking system. The system works as follows: The driver will place the vehicle in front of the garage door and there will be a monitor available where the number of available parking slots will be displayed.
Lack of space availability has always been a problem in urban areas and major cities and to add to it there are cars parked callously on the streets that further limit the space. In order to handle the issue of parking in busy places various types of vehicle parking systems are used worldwide namely Multi-level Automated Car Parking, Automated Car Parking System, Volkswagen Car Parking and many more. The present project work is aimed to develop a reduced working model of a car parking system for parking 4 cars within a parking area. Due to the proliferation in the number of vehicles on the road, traffic problems are bound to exist. This is due to the fact that the current transportation infrastructure and car park facility developed are unable to cope with the influx of vehicles on the road. To alleviate the aforementioned problems, the smart parking system has been developed. This is an application based on parking slot that in Real-Time environment have sensors and devices embedded into parking spaces, transmitting data on the occupancy status; and the vehicle drivers can search for parking availability using LCD display Hence the driver would know where there is an available spot to park his vehicle in less time, reducing the energy consumption and air pollution.
This project presents the idea and implementation of automated car parking system. Automation or automatic control, is the use of various systems for operating equipments or objects with minimal or reduced human intervention. The biggest benefit of automation is that it saves labour, however, it is also used to save energy and materials and to improve quality, accuracy and precision.
II. COMPARISON OF MANUAL AND AUTOMATIC PARKING
The objectives are:
IV. LITERATURE REVIEW
V. BLOCK DIAGRAM
The system should have clear-cut information and guide- lines on how a driver is able to interact with the system to find a free space for the successful automated parking of the car. There should be the presence of administrators and proper management for a fully functioning car park. There are a variety of components that are required for the project for its proper functioning and execution with minimal interference from humans.
The LCD display will display the number of available slots and price. When a car will come the operator will send instruction through arduino to open the gate. DC motor helps the gate to open up when it gets the signal from arduino, arduino will only get the signal to DC motor. And availability parking slot will shown on LCD display. As per empty space , car will park.
VII. HARDWARE COMPONENTS
A. Software Specifications
Arduino/Genuino Uno has various offices to speak with PC, other Arduino/Genuino boards, or other microcontrollers. The ATmega328 UART provides TTL (5V) sequential correspondence, available on computerized pins 0 (RX) and 1 (TX). An ATmega16U2 on board channels this sequential correspondence over USB and appears as a virtual com port for programming on the PC.
2. IR Sensor
An IR (Infrared) sensor is an electronic device which can be used to sense certain parameters of its surroundings by either emitting or detecting radiations. It can also measure heat of an object and detect motion. It uses the infrared light to sense objects in front of them and map or guess their distance.
3. Liquid Crystal Display
This device can be use to display any message, status or also can be use for debugging purpose. LCD stands for Liquid Crystal Display. LCD is finding wide spread use replacing LEDs (seven segment LEDs or other multi segment LEDs).
4. DC Motor
DC motor is an electrical machine that utilizes electric power resulting in mechanical power output. Normally the motor output is a rotational motion of the shaft. The input may be direct current supply or alternating supply. But in case of DC motor direct current is used.
5. L293D Motor Driver Board
The L293 is simplest and inexpensive for low current motors, For high current motors, it is less expensive to build your own H-bridge from scratch. The L293 is an integrated circuit motor driver that can be used for simultaneous, bidirectional control of two small motors. Small means small. The L293 is limited to 600 mA, but in reality can only handle much small currents unless you have done some serious heat sinking to keep the case temperature down.
IX. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
XI. DISADVANTAGES OF AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEMS (APS)
XIII. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
After doing study on ACP project it is found that ACP systems can be introduced in our country and it will be beneficiary in the context of our country. The main benefits are time and fuel saving. It can also provide sustainable parking management in an eco-friendly manner. As the GHG emission will be less in amount and the surroundings will be clean. There is less maintenance cost for this system so it is helps the property developer in cost saving. It provides security to the parking ground. ACP systems reduce the hassle in parking grounds and traffic jam. It will benefit the property developer to increase their revenue which will add to the government tax revenue. So in a way it is also helping the government by increasing tax revenue. It will also encourage Automation Engineering in our country which will make advancement in increasing usage of technology. Therefore we should introduce ACP systems and enjoy the benefits.
A. Project Image
XIV. . FUTURE IDEAS
A. Smart Recognition of Cars
We can recognize the cars by their number plates with the help of image processing in ACP system. By using this type of technology users can directly pay for their car parking using mobile phone’s prepaid balance or car parking account balance.
B. Updating Users about Available slots and Account Balance
User can get updates about available slots of a particular parking space and account balance by sending a simple SMS to the data base.
The various types of smart parking system and has been presented. From the various examples of the implementation of the smart parking system being presented, its efficiency in alleviating the traffic problem that arises especially in the city area where traffic congestion and the insufficient parking spaces are undeniable. It does so by directing patrons and optimizing the use of parking spaces. With the study on all the sensor technologies used in detecting vehicles, which are one of the most crucial parts of the smart parking system, the pros and cons of each sensor technologies can be analyzed. Although, there are certain disadvantages in the implementation of visual based system in vehicle detection as described earlier, the advantages far outweighs its disadvantages.
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Copyright © 2022 Prof. Pratik Ghutke, Aakash Shankarpale, Shubham Chintalwar, Nutankumar Harshe, Vyankatesh Bhavar, Aditi Dhole, Priyanka Betal. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.