Authors: Harsh Bhandari, Dr. Rupesh C. Jaiswal
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Ever since notable advancements were made concerning Database Management and regulation in the early 2000s, Automation of Databases in the Oracle environment have long been a crucial topic for research and development within the Computer Science and Information Technology sector. This research paper aims to explain what all factors necessarily require automation whilst bringing into light the growing demand for automation database management. As organizations across the globe face the imminent issue of overwhelming volumes of data, efficient database management systems that offer minimum complications are highly in demand. The paper not only highlights automation of various tasks such as routine maintenance, performance tuning, backup and recovery routine, but also emphasises the importance of security enhancements, real-time monitoring and scalability whilst placing forth key requirements of automation in general. The research presents a smarter and more robust database system model that can manage itself without the need of constant monitoring or intervention. Furthermore, we discuss the combining of cloud-based technologies such as Oracle Cloud and other containerization techniques to make the database more flexible and sustainable, all while keeping in mind the importance of having absolute rules and procedures for managing data in an automated system, which ensures that the data is well-organized, complies with legal requirements and is ready to be audited for accountability if needed. To conclude, the paper suggests nurturing practices of setting up systems that keep track of changes and versions to automate the infrastructure and managing of databases more consistently and efficiently. As organizations delve deeper into the landscape of database automation, they inadvertently face several challenges such as accuracy, security and accessibility of the data. This research paper specifically explores the requirements that promise to reshape the future of data management.
In order to enhance efficiency, reducing operational complexities, and ensuring the availability and integrity of the data, the automation of fundamental database operations has emerged as a pivotal objective in the ever-evolving landscape of database management. This research aims to understand this not only important but imperative issue while attempting to address it by focusing on automating core database tasks such as routine maintenance, performance tuning and backup and recovery with “Oracle Cloud Services” Technology chosen for this endeavor.
B. Model and Technology Selection
This research utilizes Oracle Cloud Services for the proposed model, a very scalable and easy to use cloud platform provided by Oracle Corporation. Oracle Cloud provides a rich toolset and ample resources that include Oracle Autonomous Database, Oracle Cloud Management Services and Oracle Cloud Infrastructure which will act as building blocks for the automation of database management operations. The model will leverage these services to create a self-sufficient database system capable of handling the objective tasks mentioned above. The purpose of this research is not just limited to automate database operations but also to ensure data security, compliance, and scalability whilst exploring the potential of Oracle Cloud Services to address the imperative need for automation in database management by proposing a model that harnesses its full capabilities to solve the increasing demand for an efficient and automated database management in the modern-day IT world.
II. LITERATURE REVIEW
Currently, there are 5 database automation technologies that are most-widely used across the globe, these techniques play a significant role in in database management. To delve deeper into the functionalities of each and improvise, we explore the status of existing research.
A. Database as a Service (DBaaS)
Database as a Service (DBaaS) is the most widely used technique to automate databases in the current market. Leading tech giants such as Microsoft, Amazon and Oracle offer managed database services for automation of routine administrative tasks . While this approach may simplify database management, it tends to limit customization and control.
B. Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence (AI)
AI and ML techniques have been applied to automate certain parts of database management such as query optimization and anomaly detection . While research may indicate the high potential of using AI to improve efficiency and deem the AI technique to be the most promising amongst all in the future, the current market faces challenges related to data privacy and the imperative need of training datasets to train the model.
C. DataOps and DevOps
DataOps and DevOps practices have introduced automation pipelines for database deployment, testing and version control . While these practices may enhance control over automation, they are very complex to implement and require changes as per the user’s demands.
D. Serverless Databases
Serverless databases, offered by cloud providers like AWS, automatically scale resources based on workload demands . Serverless Databases may simplify management and reduce costs but face challenges regarding the performance of the model. Meanwhile, the cost of the third-party management tools remains the same.
E. NoSQL Databases
NoSQL Databases such as MongoDB and Cassandra, emphasize scalability and flexibility but may lack ACID compliance and structured querying capabilities . These databases are usually suitable of customised use cases but have limitations in others.
While these techniques are what the current automation market relies on, they come with their own set of drawbacks and challenges, after thorough research, the following challenges seemed to be persistent and difficult to troubleshoot.
The Methodology for this model is based on a sequence of tasks based on logic to efficiently manage the Autonomous Database on the Cloud, Recommended practices for a healthy database working environment such as Maintenance, Performance, Backup and recovery as well as Security were taken into consideration and a concrete flow was determined by putting together a set of various components.
The model initiates ensuring a clean start and execution path, to gain access to the database and perform operations while upholding the security obligations, it is necessary to take Authentication into consideration. The model prioritizes authentication with Oracle Cloud before delving deeper into the said operations.
Regular maintenance of database ensures its health and stability, monitoring anomalies and patching vulnerabilities should be offered precedence in terms of priority due to their impact on the system’s security. Furthermore, optimization of performance is imperative for a production level database, this step should succeed routine maintenance because stability of the system is as important as its security and is a pre-requisite for performance tuning.
In an event of data compromise, backups are most crucial for the sustainability of the model, regular backups ensure data protection while recovery operations ensure its availability before the model ends its operations.
In the proposed model, we have presented an approach for the automation of basic database operations such as routine maintenance, performance tuning, backup and recovery with Oracle Autonomous Database of the Oracle Cloud acting as a leverage. We were able to provide a structured model that can manage and maintain an Oracle Database system efficiently. Below are the key findings of this approach as well as its contributions to the field of database automation. 1) This model offers a systematically managed detailed workflow to automate basic database operations. 2) The model includes integrated continuous monitoring and alerting that enables it to proactively detect issues and respond timely. 3) The model complies with the security standards such as regular auditing and user access controls to maintain data integrity and keep the system safe. 4) The model takes into consideration the future development and scalability and is adaptable to increasing workloads and accommodating advanced features. 5) The model offers to integrate best practices, such as real-time monitoring of database while complying with the security standards to maintain a robust and secure database. 6) The approach takes into consideration the importance of scalability and the importance of adaptation as per new business requirements. This approach can enhance the efficiency of database management, while reducing the risk of data loss and improving performance and thus offers far-reaching implications. While the model does provide a comprehensive approach, unfortunately practical results and specific implementation details are not yet available, thus future research directions should be primarily focusing on the following: a) Practical Implementation and Testing in Oracle Autonomous Database environments to receive validation and improvisation from experts. b) Analysis of performance data to fine-tune the model accordingly to obtain optimal results. c) Future development does involve involving more advanced monitoring systems and trigger alert systems to detect any issues and tend to them precisely. d) Integration of Machine learning and AI can predict maintenance scenarios and can act accordingly, while this may seem far-fetched for now, automated decision-making within the model if successfully implemented, can bring about a revolutionary change in the field of database automation. To conclude, the approach merely offers a solution for automation of Oracle Databases and while it does provide a strong foundation to efficiently manage database operations, practical results, performance data and proportional fine-tuning is imperative to validate its applicability in real-time. Future research should focus on the implementation and validation of this approach before exploring further optimizations within the system, however while the model has not yet been validated, it does a great job exploring necessary optimizations within databases.
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Copyright © 2023 Harsh Bhandari, Dr. Rupesh C. Jaiswal. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.