Authors: Anush Vivian Crasta, Nash Savio Rodrigues, Nuaim Abdur Rahaman, Mr. Rajeshwari
DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2023.52525
Certificate: View Certificate
In the Indian subcontinent, where one in every three houses owns a two-wheeler, around fifteen million motorcycles are sold each year. Every year, the country manufactures 20 million two-wheelers. Severe underinflation can produce mechanical and thermal stress caused by overheating, which can cause the tyre to blow out soon. Failures of this type can lead to hazards and catastrophes that endanger not just the operator but also people around them or her. In accordance with median nation estimations, under-inflated tyres cause separation of the tread and tyre breakdown, leading to forty thousand mishaps, more than 33,000 damage, and over 700 fatal injuries per year. However, when the population of India has been taken into consideration, these percentages may rise due to an abundance of individuals possessing numerous 2-wheelers, getting little opportunity to personally check, as well as being unable to consistently get their automobiles examined at a maintenance facility. The difficulties will occur with greater regularity if the riders are unaware. The goal of this project is to develop and build an immediate tyre pressure monitoring system (TPMS), that utilises a pressure sensor in order to measure air pressure directly from the tyre. When the TPMS detects a low tyre pressure, the motorist doesn\'t have to step out of his motorcycle and physically fill air into the tyres since the TPMS and the compressor module work together to give the air to the tyre. The dynamo or an additional battery provides power to the device. The primary parts must be tuned in order to guarantee uniformity and precision in displaying the pressure and sending sufficient air to the tyre. Despite several challenges and limits, this working prototype is a potential solution for real-world usage.
Without any uncertainty, the most important component of a car is its safety. Any vehicle can fail for a variety of causes. The primary cause of tyre blowouts is insufficient tyre air pressure. While underinflation is responsible for approximately 75 percent of tyre burst occurrences, overinflation is not a concern. According to research, driving using under-inflated tyres significantly increases fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. Tyre wear is unavoidable during use and is influenced by the type of vehicle, tyre qualities, nature of the road and surrounding conditions, and driving circumstances. A tyre burst occurs when pressurised air rapidly leaks from the tyre. When the tyre's structural integrity is compromised, it cannot contain all of that air within. As a result, the compressed air bursts into flames, severely destroying the rubber surface as it tears through the tyre. All of these difficulties can be mitigated with frequent automobile service; there are several methods for doing so. One of the most important systems (TPMS) is the Tyre Pressure Monitoring System. In reality, lowering the pressure on your tyres can shorten tyre life, reduce vehicle adhesion, increase the distance to stop, and even trigger a sudden tyre rupture. Tyre wear and tear generates enormous waste, and the growing use of polymers that are impervious to the process of hydrolysis decay, and biological deterioration is adding to a worldwide environmental problem. As a result, disposing of most plastics is a difficult task. Tyre waste is classified as a sort of garbage that must be processed industrially.
The world is looking for solutions to increase the safety of tyres and make better use of them. Alongside corner movements and operating speed, driving actions such as accelerating, braking, and failing to keep proper pressure in the tyres had the largest influence on tyre wear. Therefore, it seems as though monitoring tyre pressure while minimising rapid acceleration and deceleration could significantly reduce tyre wear. This explains how our approach for rider and passenger safety is critical. It will also have a compressor device that fills the tyre in the event of an emergency. The combined capabilities by the TMPS and Compressor unit provide the user with a better experience.
II. LITERATURE REVIEW
Tyre pressure is influenced by temperature; therefore, the following measures are taken to limit the maximum heat: 1. The front and back tyres' restriction ranges prior to air filling are regulated independently. 2.Display units for monitoring the entire procedure. 3.Buzzer Alarms are mostly used in emergency situations to prevent further consequences. 4. Data collecting, communication, processing, and other uses of pressure sensors. 5. Compressors for filling tyre air. 6.Microcontroller for improved sensor communication.
A. Proposed System
The schematic representation illustrating the transmitter and reception unit is shown below. 1. The TPMS transmitter is linked to the inflation actuators at both the front and the back tyres for continuous monitoring of tyre pressure. 2. The receiver is made up of an indication unit. 3. A wired connection connects the transmitter, receiver, and transmitter.
The experimental configuration is made up of a framework on which a supporting arm is attached, which is subsequently connected to a wheel setup.
The supporting arm is linked to the suspensions, which are subsequently linked to the load plate. The wheel and engine are attached to the support arm. A treadmill-like contraption is located beneath the wheel. The treadmill and weights are used to simulate real-time performance for analysis.
IV. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
A. Expected outcome
The technology will be compatible with the majority of two-wheeler vehicles, allowing users to inflate their tyres despite requiring them to go through a lengthy procedure. The system will include alerting elements as well as tyre health monitoring.
B. Market analysis
The Tyre Pressure Measuring System is an electronic gadget that maintains records of the tire's heat and pressure of air while also displaying those numbers on the screen in real time. This alerts the operator of the motor vehicle about an alteration in tyre pressure. Vehicular efficiency, protection, the mileage, and tyre longevity are some of the key factors associated with reduced vehicle pressure. The TPMS system has helped to reduce the incidence of accidents while also enhancing fuel mileage, tyre longevity, and driver handling of the vehicle. TPMS batteries have a lifespan of between six and ten years. The market suffered a drop in manufacturing due to the epidemic. However, the market is again returning to normal, and it is projected that demand will increase more in the years to come. The TPMS industry was temporarily blocked, however various countries have now provided leverage for import-export trading. In 2021, the worldwide marketplace for tyre pressure monitoring systems (TPMS) is expected to be worth $5.67 billion. The market value for TPMS within the Asia-Pacific region is expected to reach 13.60 billion USD by 2027.
C. Barriers to Enter the Market
D. Players in Market
Valour TPMS, Delphi Automotive, DENSO Company, Continental AG ZF TRW.Continental AG will boost India's safety solution in February 2022. Continental is largely focused on supplying modern safety technology, including as ADAS and TPMS, in India, the world's largest two-wheeler market. Continental is releasing an updated combination-tire monitoring device for its Combine Master and Combine Master VF tyres in May 2022. They monitor the pressure on the tyres and temperatures.
Fleeca Kawach, India's first AI-powered intelligent truck tire-pressure monitoring system, was released in the month of February 2022 from Jaipur-based start-up Fleeca India Private Limited. This TPMS systems is a smart device mounted on the wheel's rim that monitors signals from the tyres' outside and also the rate of rotation of the wheel.
E. Target Audience
Because our solution is a combination of a tyre pressure monitoring device and an inflator, the audience would range widely, from the general to the Supplier. Possible buyers include Jawa Motorcycles, TVS, Bajaj, Suzuki Motors, Royal Enfield, Honda, Hero Motocorp, Boom Motors, and others. We can also link it with common motorcycle sale shops to reach a larger audience, as well as sell it individually through online and offline platforms to reach the general public.
To summarise, tyre pressure is a vital aspect of automotive efficiency and performance, and inappropriate tyre pressure can produce heat and mechanical stress, as well as tyre breakdown, posing a risk for both the user and the environment. While placing a system for monitoring in a larger vehicle is straightforward, reducing and mounting one in a two-wheeler without losing efficiency or reliability is a challenge. The proposed gadget would have warning and tyre condition tracking functions to provide owners with a quick and easy way to inflate their tyres. The device is designed to be suitable with the majority of two-wheelers, leading to safer and more efficient travels for riders. Additionally, installing the gadget in 2-wheelers can help to improve overall vehicle stability, cut fuel consumption, and increase tyre life. Furthermore, the device can save riders both time and money by detecting and repairing tyre flaws early on, preventing the need for costly repairs or replacements. Furthermore, the device is simple to incorporate within the current 2-wheeler structure, providing a convenient and cost-effective option for riders. Tyre health monitoring systems can also help motorcycle riders keep track of the condition of their tyres and avoid unforeseen mishaps.
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Copyright © 2023 Anush Vivian Crasta, Nash Savio Rodrigues, Nuaim Abdur Rahaman, Mr. Rajeshwari . This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Paper Id : IJRASET52525
Publish Date : 2023-05-19
ISSN : 2321-9653
Publisher Name : IJRASET
DOI Link : Click Here