Comparing PEB structures to conventional structures is the main goal of this study. Pre Engineered Buildings (PEB) are constructions that are manufactured and assembled on site. This study assesses both traditional steel structures and pre-engineered structures. Usually, industrial buildings are built using this kind of structural principle. An industrial structure with 5 and 6 m-long bays is under consideration. STAAD PRO software is used for structure analysis. In this study, the maximum reaction, maximum stress analysis, and maximum axial force results for conventional steel structures and pre-engineered structures with bay lengths of 5 and 6 metres are examined and compared. We consequently conclude that PEB is preferable to CSB.
A pre-engineered building (PEB) is a structure that has been designed in advance by a manufacturer to be built using a predetermined supply of raw materials and manufacturing processes that may successfully meet a range of structural and visually pleasing design standards. Pre-engineered steel buildings can incorporate mezzanine floors, canopies, fascias, interior partitions and other structural accessories. To make the structure waterproof, special mastic beads, filler strips, and trimmings are employed. Pre-engineered buildings (PEB) have revolutionized the process of creating storage capacity structures. a steel-only structural framework with conventional walls and a normal roof. The fully built structure is moved using cranes from the manufacturer to the installation site. The framework of PEBs is also far lighter than that of conventional steel structures, which lowers the price of steel and increases the affordability of these structures. Due to their quick installation, low cost, high quality, and long lifespan, PEBs are recognised as a breakthrough in the building industry. Pre-engineered structures meet one of the industry's most crucial needs, which is for large, column-free sections.
II. CONVENTIONAL STEEL BUILDINGS
Traditional steel structures are conservative and expert. In traditional constructions, structural members are hot rolled and utilised. The materials are created in the factory or made there before being transported to the location. On location, the raw materials are transformed into the desired form and then built. Cut and weld changes can be made while the erection is being performed. The traditional system makes use of truss systems. In typical conventional construction, excavation and foundation building occur first, followed by frame. The effectiveness of each trade determines how quickly each component may be finished before moving on to the next stage. Because each component must be designed from start, design has a significant impact on time, especially if it is complex. Project duration is typically between six and 10 months. Complex designs are best suited for conventional construction. But in contrast to pre-engineered building, conventional construction not only takes longer but also costs more. Even though conventional construction can frequently result in more intricate buildings, this approach has higher labor costs and generates a lot of construction waste. Conventional construction can offer more flexible design possibilities, but it also necessitates comprehensive, continuous upkeep, and because it weighs more than pre-engineered construction, it might eventually damage foundations.
III. TYPE OF PEB FRAMES
PEB frame have many types mainly five types are widely used-
Let\'s wrap up by discussing the inferences that may be drawn from a comparison of the CSB and PEB frame data. The steel takeoff, the maximum shear force, the maximum moment analysis, and the maximum deflection are among the seven distinct sorts of results presented here. These conclusions come from the work done for the study. These conclusions come from this research project.
A. Conclusion Based on Maximum Reaction
1) For a 5 m bay length, the maximum reaction of CSB is 57.19% higher than PEB.
2) For a 6 m bay length, the maximum reaction of CSB is 21.19% greater than PEB.
B. Conclusion Based on Maximum Stress Analysis
1) For a 5 m bay length, the maximum stress analysis of CSB is 69.90% more compressive and 71.6% more tensile than PEB.
2) For a 6 m bay length, the maximum stress analysis of CSB is 51.31% more tensile stress and 47.80% more compressive stress than PEB.
C. Conclusion Based on Maximum Axial Force
1) For a 5 m bay length, the maximum axial force of the CSB is 74.46% more than the PEB.
2) For a 6 m bay length, the maximum axial force of the CSB is 50.24% more than the PEB.
Overall findings indicate that for the same parameter, pre-engineered building are superior to traditional steel building. The pre-engineered buildings are also effective and affordable.
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