Electric vehicles are a promising technology for achieving a sustainable transport sector in the future, because of their wonderful advantages like very low or zero-carbon emission, low noise and high efficiency. It also helps to decrease air pollution. Also, the electricity they consume can be generated from a wide range of sources, including fossil fuels, nuclear power and renewables such as solar power and wind power or any combination of those.
The old vehicles with fuel based engines like petrol engines or diesel engines very costly and also produce pollution to the environment. But, in 1830s, American inventor William Morrison introduced the concept of electrical vehicles for the first time and it is not accepted at that time due to lack of convenience and high cost of making with comparison to hydrocarbon-fueled vehicles.
At the beginning of 21th century, interest in electric and alternative fuel vehicles increased due to growing concern over the problems associated with hydrocarbon-fuel vehicles. Most early electric vehicles were massive, ornate carriage designed for upper-class customers that made them popular. They featured luxurious interiors and were replete with expensive materials.
California electric car maker Tesla Motors began development in 2004 on Tesla Roadster, which was first delivered to customers in 2008. The Roadster was the first highway legal serial production all electric car to travel more than 320 km (200 miles) per charge. Since 2008, Tesla sold approximately 2,450 Roadster in over 30 countries through December 2012. Today, electric vehicles are used widely in all over the world, but yet they are not get advancement in commercial sector or in agriculture sector.
II. AIM & OBJECTIVE
The aim of the research project is to convert the traditional hand operated mini tractor into electric mini tractor. Since, traditional mini tractor are working on hydrocarbon fueled engine which produces high torque to work in agriculture fields. So, in this research project we will replace the hydrocarbon fueled engine with an electric motor and also make proper arrangement to give sufficient power to the tractor by which it can work on agriculture field. We will specifically transform an hand operated mini tractor with cultivator attached on it into electric mini tractor.
The conversion of traditional hydrocarbon-fueled engine mini tractor int electric mini tractor is simple and convenient. It is a good option for farmers to use electric mini tractor which will increase their worth and also cause less pollution then hydrocarbon-fueled based engines.
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