Authors: Prof. Rohan M. Panage, Prof. Kaustubh D. Agashe, Ms. Pragati H. Sakore, Mr. Atharv S. Kulkarni, Mr. Atharva S. Bele
Certificate: View Certificate
The Delta 3D printer project, design and development is focused on creating a 3D printer that can produce high quality prints quickly and accurately. We use a delta printer that uses three vertical arms to move the printhead. The printer is designed to use external components such as motor drivers, display lines and control boards. T he printer\'s firmware is also optimized for its performance and we use open-source software to interact with the printer. The printer was tested using PLA media and related settings, and the results showed that the printer was able to produce high quality prints with a fast print time. The Delta 3D Printer project was designed and created to further research to improve performance and functionality of 3D printers.
3D printing has revolutionized manufacturing and just got louder. The main benefit of 3D printing is the ability to create products and products as needed, leading to great results and efficiency in many industries. Delta 3D printers have become a popular choice for 3D printing as they can print faster and more accurately than other built-in printers. The Delta 3D printer project is designed and built to design and build a quality Delta 3D printer using off-the-shelf components and proprietary software.
The project is important as it lays the foundation for further research into improving the performance and capabilities of 3D printers that have an impact on manufacturing and beyond. Additive Manufacturing transforms manufacturing by providing cost-effective and flexible manufacturing methods. Fused deposition modelling (FDM) is one of the most widely used 3D printers in additive manufacturing because of its simplicity, accuracy, and ability to create products from a variety of materials. FDM enables the production of models and products with complex geometries that cannot be produced using traditional prefabrication methods. In addition, FDM reduces production times and costs as it eliminates the expensive tools and setup times required by traditional manufacturing processes. Together, additive manufacturing and FDM revolutionized manufacturing by providing unprecedented flexibility, speed and cost savings.
II. MANUFACTURING OPERATIONS
Manufacturing is the process of producing goods and products on a large scale. It involves converting raw materials into finished products using various manufacturing techniques. This process can be divided into different types according to the equipment used to manufacture the product. Manufacturing processes generally include additive manufacturing, additive manufacturing, fabrication, joinery fabrication, casting fabrication and fabrication. Each type of manufacturing process includes different technologies and has advantages and disadvantages. It is essential to understand the different types of production in order to choose the most suitable method for a particular product or application.
III. ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING
Additive Manufacturing, also known as 3D printing, is a rapid manufacturing process that involves layering products using a variety of materials such as plastic, metal, and ceramics. The process starts with the digital model of the desired product and then it is divided into sets with a special software. The layers are then overprinted using a 3D printer that places or adjusts the selected item. Additive manufacturing has many advantages over traditional manufacturing processes, including the ability to create complex geometries and materials quickly and cost-effectively. Additive manufacturing also eliminates the need for expensive equipment and reduces waste, making it an environmentally friendly option. However, it also has some limitations, such as limited material selection and lower production costs than traditional production methods.
However, additive manufacturing is becoming increasingly popular and has the potential to transform manufacturing in many industries.
A. Fused Deposition Modelling
Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) is an additive manufacturing process that uses thermoplastic filaments to build a product layer by layer. The filament is fed into the extruder, which heats and melts the plastic. The molten plastic is then placed on a platform created in a pattern, creating the desired product. FDM has many advantages over traditional manufacturing processes, including the ability to create shapes and geometries and the ability to easily customize products.
It is also a cost-effective and environmentally friendly option as it reduces waste and eliminates the need for expensive equipment. However, FDM has some limitations compared to other additive manufacturing processes, such as lower cost and less material selection. FDM is widely used in the prototyping phase of product design as well as in low volume manufacturing. It has applications in many industries, including aerospace, automotive and medical equipment. Overall, FDM makes a significant contribution to manufacturing by providing a flexible and cost-effective way to manufacture products with complex geometries.
Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) is a popular and widely used 3D printer that has revolutionized manufacturing. One of the main advantages of FDM is its simplicity. The tool is easy to use and can be used by professionals and amateurs alike. In addition, FDM provides high performance and manufactures products with high quality materials, making it suitable for many applications. Another advantage of FDM is that it can produce parts from various materials.
FDM printers can use different types of thermoplastic filaments, including PLA, ABS and PETG, to create different products such as strength, flexibility and heat resistance. In addition, FDM reduces production times and costs as it eliminates the expensive tools and setup times required by traditional manufacturing processes.
FDM enables the production of models and products with complex geometries that cannot be produced using traditional prefabrication methods. The process, which allows the creation of different and sensitive details, is ideal for the production of products that require high precision and perfection. In addition, FDM produces multiple parts at the same time, enabling the production of multiple components without the need for machinery or special tools. However, FDM also has some limitations. The technology is not suitable for manufacturing products with advanced materials or complex geometries, and finishing FDM parts may require additional operations such as grinding or painting.
In addition, FDM is not suitable for products that require high temperature resistance or high strength. Overall, FDM is a versatile and widely used 3D printer with many benefits for the manufacturing industry. Its simplicity, versatility and cost-effectiveness make it a popular choice for prototyping and low-volume production. As technology continues to advance, FDM will likely gain more visibility and continue to revolutionize manufacturing.
IV. DELTA PRINTING
A Delta 3D printer is a 3D printer that uses a Delta robot to move the print head instead of the XYZ Cartesian process. Delta printers are known for their speed, accuracy and ability to print large volumes in small batches. They are mainly used to manufacture high-performance products for industries such as aerospace, automotive and medical equipment. Delta printers can work with many materials such as plastic, metal and ceramic. They are also highly customizable, allowing users to customize their systems for specific applications. Overall, delta 3D printers provide versatile and efficient 3D printing solutions for a variety of industries and applications. Cartesian and Delta printers are two different types of 3D printers with different processes and features. The main differences between the two printers are:
On the other hand, Delta printers require more skills and knowledge to operate and manage due to their complex processes.
In summary, Cartesian and Delta printers have different techniques and features that make them suitable for different applications and user needs. Cartesian printers are easy to use and provide greater precision, while Delta printers are faster and produce high quality prints with high precision.
V. DELTA PRINTER DESIGN AND SPECIFICATIONS
Delta printers are one of the most innovative products available today. To understand the operation and difference between a delta printer and a Cartesian printer, we want to create a working model of a delta 3D printer. We want to use the existing printer that our university already has and is available to students. We use useful products for new printers. Components usually consist of static and hardware components
A. Hardware Components and Features
B. Software and Operating System Specifications
Operating System: Marline OS: Marline is open-source firmware that runs on 3D printers and similar devices. It is highly customizable and adaptable to the specific needs of different printers. Marline is not an operating system, but a firmware that runs on top of an existing operating system such as Arduino or Raspberry Pi.
Connections to the control board
VII. MATERIAL USED: PLA
PLA (Polylactic Acid) is a biodegradable and sustainable thermoplastic polyester derived from renewable resources such as corn starch or sugarcane. It is a popular 3D printing material due to its ease of use, low toxicity, and environmentally friendly nature.
Here are some key specifications and information about PLA material:
Overall, PLA is a versatile and eco-friendly material that is widely used in various applications such as packaging, textiles, and 3D printing.
A. LA (Polylactic Acid) and ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) are two popular materials used in 3D printing, but PLA is often preferred over ABS for several reasons:
Overall, PLA is a more user-friendly, eco-friendly, and safer material for 3D printing, while ABS is better suited for more demanding applications that require higher strength and durability.
I would like to express my sincere gratitude to several individuals and organizations who have contributed to the successful completion of our research paper. First and foremost, I extend my heartfelt thanks to our project guide Prof. R. M. Panage for his unwavering support, guidance, and expertise throughout the research process. His valuable insights and suggestions have been instrumental in shaping this paper and making it more meaningful.
I would also like to thank our Head of Department Prof. Bhoomkar for providing us with the necessary resources and infrastructure to carry out our research work. His encouragement and support have been a great source of motivation for us throughout the project.
I would like to express my gratitude to the company named ‘Geoclid 3D Printing Solutions’ for their valuable contribution to this research work. The company's willingness to share their expertise and resources has greatly enhanced the quality of our research.
I would like to extend my gratitude to Prof. Satawe for his financial support in the form of sponsorship. His generosity has provided us with the necessary financial resources to conduct this research work successfully. His contribution has been a significant help to us, and we are deeply grateful for his support.
Once again, I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to Prof. R. M. Panage, Prof. Bhoomkar, Geoclid, and Prof. Satawe for their invaluable support, guidance, and contributions to our research paper.
In conclusion, the Delta 3D printer represents a significant technological advancement in the world of 3D printing. Its unique design allows for greater accuracy, speed, and versatility, making it a popular choice among hobbyists, professionals, and researchers alike. While there are still limitations to the technology, such as print volume and material compatibility, ongoing research and development continue to push the boundaries of what is possible with Delta 3D printing. As the technology evolves, it is likely that Delta 3D printers will become even more accessible and widespread, further expanding the applications and potential of 3D printing in a variety of fields. Overall, the Delta 3D printer offers a promising future for the 3D printing industry and beyond.
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Copyright © 2023 Prof. Rohan M. Panage, Prof. Kaustubh D. Agashe, Ms. Pragati H. Sakore, Mr. Atharv S. Kulkarni, Mr. Atharva S. Bele. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.