Authors: Dr. Shubhangi Gondane, Swapnil R. Mahurpaw, Tauqeer N. Pathan, Pratik N. Khudsange, Vaibhav T. Puri, Umesh M. Ambule, Shubham S. Patle
Certificate: View Certificate
Today, fire accidents often occur in homes and industrial environments, where climate change and human negligence can be predicted. The proposed prototype is designed to detect such fire accidents and remotely extinguish the fire from the user, thus reducing the risk to firefighters. The main idea of this concept is to propose a model that focuses on the cost-effective design and implementation of an automatic fire protection system for electric vehicles. In this system, the fire extinguisher is activated when it detects flame/smoke in the vehicle fire area and extinguishes the fire automatically. There are many reasons for an electric vehicle that can cause fire accidents. The main cause of electric car fires is the battery used in them. There have been many cases of cars catching fire for the reasons mentioned above and ending with the entire vehicle reduced to ashes. The installation of an automatic extinguishing system allows to minimize the financial losses that can arise from a fire and to increase the safety level of the vehicle, passengers and other road users.
Fire accident is a very common phenomenon in our country. Many fortunes and lives are at stake. As a developing country, we do not have modern technology to solve this problem. The core sector of firefighting has limits to overcome. Sometimes the police, army comes to help them in the shooting. But that is not enough. Electric vehicle batteries introduce new safety challenges to the vehicle development process, and rigorous testing must be performed to ensure minimal fire risk. Research has shown that electrical systems are among the top four causes of car fires. The purpose of the proposed system is to build a controllable vehicle that can be installed in a domestic or industrial environment and that alerts the user in case of fire. The user can drive this vehicle by controlling the mobile phone to the designated place where there is a fire accident and spray water to extinguish the fire by controlling the mobile phone. The user can also control the speed, amount and direction of the water while spraying. The developed vehicle can be remotely monitored from the mobile screen to control the movement of the vehicle and thus the user can interact with it to extinguish the fire effectively. IoT (Internet of Things) integration allows the guided vehicle to organize, analyze and process data, allowing the user to make optimal decisions in real time. In this way, possible damages caused by fire can be significantly reduced before the arrival of the extinguishing unit, and the risk of the participation of the extinguishing team can also be minimized. The probability of human loss and/or injury in a typical car fire accident can be reduced by an automatic door opening system. However, firefighters are people who dedicate themselves to extinguishing fires even at the cost of their lives. So this research aims to minimize human involvement to prevent fire accidents.
II. PROBLEM DEFINITION
a. Battery overcharging
b. Battery electrolyte leakage
c. Short circuit in electric components
d. Road crash
IV. LITERATURE SURVEY
Vehicle motion is dictated by a combination of sensor-based inputs and user control. When the fire detection sensor detects a fire, the signal is immediately transmitted to the controller. The IOT modules are activated to notify the user of a fire accident. Once the alarm is received, the user can direct the vehicle to the desired location to extinguish the fire using the Blynk software and built-in camera module. A servo motor connected to the extinguishing hose can control the direction and amount of sprayed water. The controls for the servo motors are included with the user. The proposed fire truck is designed to run on the Internet of Things (IoT), allowing the user to control the fire from anywhere.
V. BLOCK DIAGRAM
A. Arduino Uno
This invention of Automatic Fire Extinguishing System is effective and it is well within the reach of every person. 1) If considerable amount of time is spent on its further research and development, it could really prove to be an effective product in the fire safety department. 2) This system is applicable to the different sizes of fire extinguisher and high controlling capability over them. 3) The simple design of it allows minimum of maintenance work. 4) After installation of this system, there will not be any disturbance and uneasiness to the driver and also to the passengers. Assurance that fire outbreak has no more fatal consequences in the automobile and especially in electric vehicles where the thousands of battery cells powering the vehicle tend to overheat, catch fire and explode brings new quality to road transport safety. System derived from sound reasoning ideas have been implemented and can be tested, using embedded and sensor based technology. Automobile fire can be detected and extinguished effectively without driver\'s intervention and is devoid of false alarms based on current testing. This multi-sensor fire detection and control is a useful low cost sophisticated system, which can also be tested and deployed on other systems where air-conditioners can be installed. With system\'s excellent performance under 20 seconds, it is expected that system will pose no threat to human life although more extensive testing might be needed. Moreover, building an incorporated functionality that deals with prognosis of the health of sensors will be beneficial to the real-time detection and control of in-vehicle fires and serve as mode for preventive maintenance.
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Copyright © 2023 Dr. Shubhangi Gondane, Swapnil R. Mahurpaw, Tauqeer N. Pathan, Pratik N. Khudsange, Vaibhav T. Puri, Umesh M. Ambule, Shubham S. Patle. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.