Authors: Jananya BS, Pavana N, Ayush Dravid SM, Dr. G Manjula , Dr. Arpana P. V.
Certificate: View Certificate
The main objective of this application is to provide the user with better understanding and learning the ayurvedic sutras. Because most of the ayurvedic sutras are based on sanskrit. It is difficult for everyone to learn and understand the same. So, with this application user can understand the sutras and implement it. The basic idea of this application is to provide the user with audio of the sutra and the context of that particular sutra
Sanskrit (5000 years old) is the oldest language in the world. The meaning of the ayurvedic concepts is deeply rooted in the language. Ayurveda lives within the language of gods. It is nearly impossible to learn ayurveda without the usage of sanskrit, once we understand the root words we can decipher and recognize many terms with more visibility. The one with more basic knowledge of sanskrit will face difficulty in understanding the language.
Sanskrit literature mainly comprises contents which are composed in the primitive ancient India known as vedic sanskrit. Vedic sanskrit is the language of the liturgical works of the vedic religion. There are four vedas which are solely comprised in sanskrit. These vedas are not only used in rituals but also have more scientific values in the field of medicine. The language of ayurveda is sanskrit. This is from the prominent charak Samhita. “Ayur” means an ancient system of life and “Veda” means knowledge. Ayurveda basically analyses life and all its layers.
Charak Samhita is ayurveda’s exposition. It is the most referenced data by students, scholars, physicians, researchers and teachers in the field of ayurveda and in medical field. Charak Samhita is the only data which is available worldwide on restorative science. It mainly focuses on the development of health and prevention of diseases. Charak Samhita is thought to have arising in the first centuary C.E. Charaka dwelled into all the areas of medicine including logic and philosophy.
Our project mainly comprises of a audiobook which has been in use by teachers, students etc. Audiobook has proven successful in its own unique way but not widely in use. An Audiobook is a voice over of the particular data read out aloud. There are many applications which are developed from the idea of audiobook. Even though Sanskrit is the oldest language in the world, it is strenuous to understand. The words and sentences contain unique meanings. The grammar in the sanskrit is boundless, it is nearly impossible to simply learn sanskrit.
The distinctiveness of our application is the voice over of the sutras in sanskrit described with the denotation of the same. The basic idea of this project is to collect the audio context of the sutras and the description below which enables the user to listen the audio and the description at the same pace. This helps user to listen and view the sutras with that particular description. This application helps the user to understand, study the sutra and rewind it as many times.
II. OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT
a. To develop an application to read and learn Ayurveda Sutras.
b. To collect the required data (Ayurveda sutras, meaning of the sutras, sandhi).
c. To collect audio of the Ayurveda Sutras.
d. Sync the Ayurveda Sutras with the audio.
III. LITERATURE REVIEW
The first issue implies the study of audiobooks and its uses in education. The second issue describes the involvement of the instructional strategy, assisted reading, and how audiobooks have been applied to this long-standing educational practice. The third issue examines research related to the importance of fluency and metrics in reading, and the relationship between audiobooks and these two elements. The fourth issue inspects research that involves reading comprehension and audiobooks. While the fifth issue regards the research awning the impact audiobooks have on reading enjoyment. Lastly, there is a discussion on audiobooks and differentiated instruction, and how audiobooks can stage content for students at different skill levels. This study focuses on the user, there is little research focusing on the struggling adult reader and audiobooks. Further, there were only minor studies involving sanskrit Language Learner adults and their utilization of audiobook technology. This lack of investigation about audiobooks causes an effect on the user which is a limitation of the current research. But is also an acknowledgment that more research is needed for this application.
IV. SUBJECT SET LITERATURE:
4. Fluency and Metrics: Literacy researches have long found that the single most important activity for developing reading skills is reading aloud. Audiobooks basically adapt to imitate the read aloud function and provide a articulate model of a suitable reader. From illiterate user to literates to more proficient users, audiobooks expose each of these subsets to a articulate model that the users would not be able to access individually or in a class of struggling readers. An articulate model is the cornerstone of literacy instruction. Students who exhibit metrics reading shows higher reading and comprehension skills. Audiobooks and professional narrators utilize these melodic and expressive traits while reading, and allow users to see the markers in the text where a writer is expressing the comedic or sarcastic effect. Further, a consistent voice, smooth rhythm and a vocal emphasis that demonstrates proper punctuation the important factors of effective reading. A competent articulate model also improves vocabulary. The importance of increased vocabulary cannot be understated as it is necessary for the reader to be able to understand more complex texts. In a study done by Elley in 1989, the author found that reading aloud increased a child’s vocabulary at a statistically prominent level. In second language learning, reading and listening to text is widely accepted as a useful strategy to promote comprehension. Another aspect of fluency includes the speed that one reads a text. A study by Chang (2011), discovered that reading and listening to text simultaneously can be very helpful in enhancing reading speed because it deters students from reading in a word-by-word style. Instead, it allows students to learn how to use contextual clues and segment text into meaningful units. The strategy of listening while reading also emulates a fluent style of reading by ensuring the student does not consciously worry about the mechanics of decoding. Rather, the student focuses on comprehension. Chang’s study (2011) showed a statistically significant improvement for English Language Learners (ELLs) who engage in listening while reading rather than reading only. The treatment group in this study showed higher vocabulary learning rates, higher levels of comprehension, as well as a higher interest in the stories than that of the control group.
A. Reading Comprehension and Audiobooks
The ultimate goal of reading a text is to gain meaning from that text. Reading comprehension skill and interest in the subject matter are essential for learning. Students with a high level of skill in text comprehension are more apt to become expert learners. This ideology is used in all content areas. Serafini describes the act of reading as one that permits students to learn new vocabulary and concepts. The new vocabulary and concept material can then be applied to a variety of different reading materials and subject areas that can continue to expand a learner’s academic prowess.
Reading skill develops through oral language experiences. So, audiobooks can benefit struggling users by increasing understandability of the text. The Whittingham study discovered a major increase in the comprehension ability of participants following an audiobook instructional program according to a pre- and post-test study. Beers in 1998 also found that for many struggling readers to increase comprehension they have to see words and hear them simultaneously.
The process of reading is a intense one. Tankersley in 2014 describes the brain as a hierarchy of lower level decoding with phonological, skills, high-level comprehension and discourse analysis skills. Both of these systems must work together and have great efficiency if a student is to read quickly and gain meaning from text. Wolfson in 2008 discovers that audiobooks help to remove the difficulty in decoding and that difficulty can be overcomed by users through “gaining skills in recalling details, understanding sequence, making predictions, drawing conclusions, and making inferences,” and that more proficient peers can, “develop skills and strategies in critical and creative thinking.”
B. Current Best Practices
Technology is a tool. When implementing a particular technology into the classroom, an educator needs to know what outcome they are fulfilling by integrating the technology into the lesson this was proposed by Holum & Gahala in 2010. In a perusal lesson, audiobook technology can attain a specific outcome if utilized in a specific way. For example, outcomes that relate to student’s vocabulary, comprehension skills, and syntactic development can be targeted as there has been proven growth in each of these areas (Lane & Wright, 2007).
Audiobook technology is most effective when used in conjunction along with the written text. The technology improves normal reading instruction. the user can listen to the audiobook and follow along with the printed text. As they are finishing this activity, they learn to match the sounds that each written word makes. Similar to linguistic instruction, the matching of symbols is one of the basics of reading instruction and is improved by audiobook technology.
A primary focus of reading instruction is the discussion of a story or other textual elements. Reading programs that integrate audiobooks should be no different. Multiple studies integrating audiobooks into the program held a discussion of the story’s ideas at its core. A compelling format for discussion is semiotic reading.
This type of reading is based on several principles. First, the user or a student should be an active learner during the reading of a text. Next, teachers should provide feedback and model sophisticated language. Finally, the teacher should challenge the student’s knowledge by raising the degree of the conversation. Particular strategies to accomplish these items include the use of prompts, such as completion prompts, recall prompts, open-ended prompts and distancing prompts (Lane & Wright, 2007).
Finally, it is important that the technical quality of the audiobook should be considered. Casbergue and Harris on 1996 states that a “recording should entice, not alienate. Recordings should be free of errors and users should not only speak with clarity but must be able to feel voices to various characters.”
When selecting quality audiobooks, the main items to account for are sound quality and reading style of the narrator. Educators should pay particular attention to what the narrator sounds like for certain book and analyse whether the narrator captures the soul of the book’s style. Dramatic narration, for example, can make a book seemingly alive and place an audience under an imaginative spell. This type of engaging experience is very important for developing a joy of reading for the user
The design of this application is quite simple, since it is a developing application there is a main screen where particular sutra’s audio is played and below there will be the context of the sutra.
This particular application is designed upto certain state. As we know Sanskrit is a enormous language, it is very difficult to contemplate something so big, we decided to take segments of the sutra and explain it with that particular segment context.
On a single screen the audio is played along with the meaning of that particular sutra. In our application there is a play button, rewind button, forward button, the audio of the sutra and the pronunciation of the word.
We like to take this project in a prominent way, not making things complicated.
The basic approach is to:
Audiobook application has a great impact on users. It has an effect on reading comprehension and creates an enjoyable environment , thereby increasing learning interest of the users. For struggling reading this app is a boon, as it allows them to understand, read and learn the sutras/shlokas. It also allows them to understand sanskrit words and sentence pronunciation. Audiobook also creates interest for readers to learn the language. Research studies have found an improvement in students fluency, comprehension, vocabulary and motivation when utilizing audiobooks. Audiobook application has been used to draw struggling young readers with increasingly complex literature. Further, this application allows readers to match sounds as emulated by a fluent model to particular words. Thus, this enhances the comprehension skills, understanding pronunciation of words and increases their attention towards learning the language. Therefore, this research paper provides us a detailed description of the application used to learn and understand sanskrit sutras.
 Christopher Ryan Wagar, Columbia Basin College, the impact of audiobooks on reading comprehension and enjoyment.  Sharadha Adinarayanan, N.Sri Ranjaniee, Naren.J, Part-of Speech Tagger For Sanskrit : A state of art survey.  Malhar Kulkarni, Nilesh Joshi, Sayali Khare, Hanumant Redkar, Pushpak Bhattacharya. Centre of Indian language technology.  J.Ari Wibowo , converting e-book into audiobook to enhance English receptive.  Archanaa Amberkar, Saroj K Jha, Sandhi Splitting techniques.  https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Sanskrit_literature  https://www.britannica.com/art/Sanskrit-literature.  Sangeetha Roy, Vedic Literature- A Significant literature of Ancient India.
Copyright © 2022 Jananya BS, Pavana N, Ayush Dravid SM, Dr. G Manjula , Dr. Arpana P. V.. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.