Huge volumes of Shingles are produced from building construction and Asbestos industries. Basically, waste Shingles Aggregates (WSA) are being produced by crushing Shingles during the process of transport and installation of roof, wall and floor. Present society are progressively moving forward to be more environment friendly. To meet up this purposes, recycling and reuse of this material can be the best alternatives than landfill disposal in respect of environment conservation and economy. To increase the usage of Shingles in pavement construction, different percentage of Shingles can be used with the natural aggregate. The technical flexibility of using waste Shingles aggregates as partial replacement of natural aggregates in bituminous mixes can be evaluated. This research work presents some of the laboratory investigation on the possible application of waste Shingles aggregates in bituminous mixes. The physical properties of coarse aggregates, fine aggregates, filler and bitumen are determined according to standard test. Marshall test specimens are prepared for testing to measure the Marshall properties. at optimum bitumen respectively are determined. According to AASHTO, Marshall stability test properties of mixes of waste shingles aggregates are satisfactory. investigated results indicate that the bituminous mixes with waste shingles aggregates give satisfactory results for construction of medium traffic road
The recycling of waste aggregates has long been recognized to have the potential to conserve the natural resources and to reduce energy used in production. It is a standard alternative for both construction and maintenance, practically where there is a shortage of aggregate. Generally, the term ‘waste aggregate’ refers to aggregates that have been used previously in construction which comprise construction and demolition waste, deteriorated asphalt pavement material, used railway ballast and so on. Ceramic materials, which include shingle products, contribute one of the highest content of wastes in the construction and demolition wastes. Actually, ceramic tile, being one of the most widely used construction materials, having its consumption rising with the growth of population and urbanization in many countries. Not only for walls and flooring in the buildings but also in many kinds of industrial and commercial structures, we use them in decoration, protection, or other improvement applications. During the process of wide range of manufacturing, transport and installation, a large number of shingle wastes are generated in an increasing amount day by day. However, with the large number of wastes comprising asbestos shingle and assured increase of it in the future, land filling has also become a major problem, particularly in countries where land is scarce. So apart from putting more effort in minimizing its generation and the setting up of temporary fill banks, recycle is one of the most effective means to alleviate the growing problem. On the other hand, many highway agencies, service providers, private organizations and individuals have completed or are in the process of completing a wide variety of studies and research projects concerning the feasibility, environmental suitability and performance of using recycled products in highway construction. The ever-increasing economic cost and lack of availability of natural material have opened the opportunity to explore locally available waste materials like waste shingle. Thus, recycling has been gaining wider attention as a variable option for the handling of waste shingle. As per the studies, recycled aggregate utilization from the asbestos industry wastes was largely considered in road construction as: landfills, sub-base courses on low volume roads, concrete blocks and manufacture of concrete (Keyence H. et al., 2004, Huang B. et al., 2009). Kruger and Solas., (2008) investigated the use of asbestos shingle wastes as recycled aggregates for road surface courses. High whiteness and hardness of recycled aggregates from asbestos shingles waste improved sunlight reflection, avoiding heating during summer months and increased pavement stability, further improving the visual contrast in the roadway. Silvestre et. al., (2013) reclaimed that recycled asbestos wastes are considered technically feasible to be incorporated as aggregates into asphalt concrete mixtures for open graded wearing courses.
The mixture with 30% of recycled asbestos aggregates by aggregates weight meet most of the mechanical and superficial characteristics to be used as road surface layer for medium–low traffic volumes, with exception of water sensibility. In this study, investigation and experiments were performed to attain and compare the physical properties of stone aggregates and waste shingles aggregates primarily. Thus, the behavior of bituminous mixes with respect to stone aggregates and waste shingles aggregate was evaluated to suggest a design criterion for the construction of flexible pavements with waste shingles aggregate.
To determine the optimum dosage or shingles to be added in the flexible pavement.
To ensure that the road pavement layers do not deteriorate to any serious extend within a specified period of time
To provide the road which can withstand the expected traffic loading.
To determine the cost-benefit ratio of flexible pavement using shingles with replacement of aggregates.
III. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY
Two types of coarse aggregates were used in this study which consist of aggregate chips to the size of 12.5 mm and less were collected from the construction site of Architecture Building of Nyati Wagholi,Pune. Waste shingles were obtained from different waste disposal sites of hadapsar. Shingles pieces were crushed manually to bring the size of 12.5 mm and down grade as coarse aggregates.\
Coarse sand, collected from Nyati, Wagholi, passing through 12.5 mm sieve and retained on 10 mm sieve was used as coarse aggregate. Particles of waste Shingles were obtained after collection of shingles pieces from different waste disposal sites of wagholi ,Pune. They were crushed manually to bring the size of 12.5 mm and retained on 10 mm sieve as fine aggregate.
In order to meet the objectives, the following research methodology was adopted:
Shingles (asbestos Sheet)
B. Experimental Investigation
Test on Aggregates (Natural + Shingles)
Elongation Index and Flakiness Index
Los Angeles Abrasion
C. Result Analysis
V. BITUMINOUS MIX DESIGN
In order to study the effect of aggregates on the behavior of bituminous mixes, Marshall Test specimens were prepared with 50 blows for medium traffic road according to the standard procedure specified by AASHTO.
VI. MARSHALL MIX PROPERTIES
The maximum load carried by a compacted specimen at a standard test temperature of 60°C can be defined as Marshall Stability of a mix. The deformation of the Marshall Test specimen that undergoes during the loading up to the maximum load in 0.25 mm units is called the flow value. Marshall properties like stability, flow value, unit weight, total voids in a mix, voids in mineral aggregates and voids filled with bitumen were determined for three mix types.
VII. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS
As determination and comparison of the physical properties of natural aggregates and waste tiles aggregates are one of the main objectives of this study, Table 1 and Table 2 represents the experimental test results of physical properties of both types of aggregates. The experimental result shows that both types of aggregates satisfied the respective limiting value. Marshall Stability at optimum bitumen content are 12.25 kN, 12.01KN and 11.06 kN respectively. These three stability values satisfy the limiting value. The flow values are 3.2 mm, 3.3mm, 3 mm respectively. These values satisfy the limiting value 3-5 according to design criteria for medium traffic.
On the basis of experimental results of this study, the following conclusions are drawn:
1) Aggregates which are obtained by crushing asbestos sheets are suitable for the bituminous mixes from the consideration of aggregate strength properties.
2) Asbestos sheets aggregate as a partial replacement of black stone aggregates, in proportion of 60 – 40% .60 % of aggregates and 40% of shingles.
3) Laboratory tests were performed for defining the physical properties of asbestos sheets aggregate and found to be within acceptable limits as per the Indian standards which show that asbestos sheets aggregate is feasible to utilize as aggregate material in flexible pavement.
4) Total materials cost of the project it reduces by 9.98%.
 Reference Books of S.K. Khanna, C.EG Justo, Highway Engineering
 Ministry of Road Transport and High Ways, Manual for construction and supervision of Bituminous works, New Delhi, November 2001.
 “Ministry of Road Transportation and Highway (Fifth Revision)”, MORT&H (2013).
 “Indian Standard Method of Test for Aggregates for concrete”, BIS, New Delhi, IS: 2386, (2007).
 N.M. Husain, H.B. Mahmud, M.R. Karim and N.B.A.A. Hamid (2010), Effects of aggregate gradation on properties of grouted macadam composite pavements”, 2nd International Conference on Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering (ICBEE 2010)
 Van de Ven, M., Molenaar, A., and Poot, M., (2011).” Asphalt Mixtures with Waste Materials: Possibilities and Constraints.” Conference on Asphalt Pavements for Southern Africa [CAPSA11].
 Final Report: SPS-1 Project 2201 Strategic Study of Structural Factors for Flexible Pavements, U.S. 171 Northbound—Calcasieu Parish, LA, Southern Region Coordination Office, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC, May 1998.
 CODE BOOKS
a) IS 2386:1963- For Aggregates test
b) IS 73:2013 – For Paving Bitumen (local)
c) IRC 37:2012- For Flexible Pavements
d) SP 20-Mix Design of Waste Materials
e) MORTH 500