Authors: Wazir Ahmed, Prity Roy, Utsha Talukder, Soumyadip Debroy, Suman Saha, Debasish Bhattacharjee, Nirupam Saha, Moloy Dhar
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This paper is focused on credit card fraud detection in real world scenarios. Nowadays credit card frauds are increasing in number as compared to earlier times. Criminals are using fake identity and various technologies to trap the users and get the money out of them. Therefore, it is very essential to find a solution to these types of frauds. In this proposed paper we designed a model to detect the fraud activity in credit card transactions. This system can provide most of the important features required to detect illegal and illicit transactions. As technology changes constantly, it is becoming difficult to track the behavior and pattern of criminal transactions. To come up with the solution one can make use of technologies with the increase of machine learning, artificial intelligence and other relevant fields of information technology; it becomes feasible to automate this process and to save some of the intensive amounts of labor that is put into detecting credit card fraud. Initially, we will collect the credit card usage data-set by users and classify it as trained and testing dataset using a random forest algorithm and decision trees. Using this feasible algorithm, we can analyze the larger data-set and user provided current data-set. Then augment the accuracy of the result data. Proceeded with the application of processing of some of the attributes provided which can find affected fraud detection in viewing the graphical model of data visualization. The performance of the techniques is gauged based on accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity, precision. The results is indicated concerning the best accuracy for Random Forest are unit 98.6% respectively.
Nowadays Credit card usage has been drastically increased across the world, now people believe in going cashless and are completely dependent on online transactions. The credit card has made the digital transaction easier and more accessible. A huge number of dollars of loss are caused every year by the criminal credit card transactions. Fraud is as old as mankind itself and can take an unlimited variety of different forms. The PwC global economic crime survey of 2017 suggests that approximately 48% of organizations experienced economic crime. Therefore, there’s positively a necessity to unravel the matter of credit card fraud detection. Moreover, the growth of new technologies provides supplementary ways in which criminals may commit a scam. The use of credit cards is predominant in modern day society and credit card fraud has been kept on increasing in recent years. Huge Financial losses have been fraudulent effects on not only merchants and banks but also the individual person who are using the credits. Fraud may also affect the reputation and image of a merchant causing non-financial losses that. For example, if a cardholder is a victim of fraud with a certain company, he may no longer trust their business and choose a competitor. Fraud Detection is the process of monitoring the transaction behavior of a cardholder to detect whether an incoming transaction is authentic and authorized or not otherwise it will be detected as illicit. In a planned system, we are applying the random forest algorithm for classifying the credit card dataset. Random Forest is an associate in the nursing algorithmic program for classification and regression. Hence, it is a collection of decision tree classifiers. The random forest has an advantage over the decision tree as it corrects the habit of over fitting to their training set. A subset of the training set is sampled randomly so that to train each individual tree and then a decision tree is built, each node then splits on a feature designated from a random subset of the complete feature set. Even for large data sets with many features and data instances, training is extremely fast in the random forest and because each tree is trained independently of the others. The Random Forest algorithm has been found to provide a good estimate of the generalization error and to be resistant to over fitting.
II. LITERATURE SURVEY
With growing advancement in the electronic commerce field, fraud is spreading all over the world, causing major financial losses. In the current scenario, Major
Meta learning strategy, neural network cause of financial losses is credit card fraud; it not only affects tradesperson but also individual clients. Decision tree, Genetic algorithm, HMM are the presented methods used to detect credit card frauds. In contemplating system for fraudulent detection, artificial intelligence concept of Support Vector Machine (SVM) & decision tree is being used to solve the problem. Thus, by the implementation of this hybrid approach, financial losses can be reduced to greater extent.
Mobile payment fraud is the unauthorized use of mobile transaction through identity theft or credit card stealing to fraudulently obtain money. Mobile payment fraud is a fast growing issue through the emergence of smart phone and online transition services. In the real world, a highly accurate process in mobile payment fraud detection is needed since financial fraud causes financial loss. Therefore, our approach proposed the overall process of detecting mobile payment fraud based on machine learning, supervised and unsupervised method to detect fraud and process large amounts of financial data. Moreover, our approach performed sampling process and feature selection process for fast processing with large volumes of transaction data and to achieve high accuracy in mobile payment detection. F-measure and ROC curve are used to validate our proposed model.
We propose a Machine learning model to detect fraudulent credit card activities in online financial transactions. Analyzing fake transactions manually is impracticable due to vast amounts of data and its complexity. However, adequately given informative features, could make it is possible using Machine Learning. This hypothesis will be explored in this paper.
To classify fraudulent and legitimate credit card transaction by supervised learning Algorithm such as Random Forest. To help us to get awareness about the fraudulent and without loss of any financially.
A. Data Collection
Data used in this paper is a set of product reviews collected from credit card transactions records. This step is concerned with selecting the subset of all available data that you will be working with. ML problems start with data preferably, lots of data (examples or observations) for which you already know the target answer. Data for which you already know the target answer is called labelled data.
B. Data Pre-Processing
Pre-processing is the process of three important and common steps as follows:
IV. TRAINING AND TESTING DATA
A. Data Visualization
Data Visualisation is the method of representing the data in a graphical and pictorial way, data scientists depict a story by the results they derive from analysing and visualising the data. The best tool used is Tableau which has many features to play around with data and fetch wonderful results.
B. Feature Extraction
Feature extraction is the process of studying the behavior and pattern of the analyzed data and draw the features for further testing and training. Finally, our models are trained using the Classifier algorithm. We use classify module on Natural Language Toolkit library on Python. We use the labelled dataset gathered. The rest of our labelled data will be used to evaluate the models. Some machine learning algorithms were used to classify pre-processed data. The chosen classifiers were Random forest. These algorithms are very popular in text classification tasks.
C. Evaluation Model
Model Evaluation is an essential part of the model development process. It helps to find the best model that represents our data and how well the selected model will work in the future. Evaluating model performance with the data used for training is not acceptable in data science because it can effortlessly generate overoptimistically and over fitted models. To avoid overfitting, evaluation methods such as hold out and cross-validations are used to test to evaluate model performance. The result will be in the visualized form. Representation of classified data in the form of graphs. Accuracy is well-defined as the proportion of precise predictions for the test data. It can be calculated easily by mathematical calculation i.e. dividing the number of correct predictions by the number of total predictions
Random forest algorithm here used, which is a supervised machine learning algorithm based on ensemble learning. Ensemble learning is an algorithm where the predictions are derived by assembling or bagging different models or similar model multiple times. The random forest algorithm works in a similar way and uses multiple algorithm i.e. multiple decision trees, resulting in a forest of trees, hence the name "Random Forest". The random forest algorithm can be used for both regression and classification tasks.
Hence, we have acquired the result of an accurate value of credit card fraud d etection i.e. 0.9994802867383512 (99.93%) using a random forest algorithm with new enhancements. In comparison to existing modules, this proposed module is applicable for the larger dataset and provides more accurate results. The Random Forest algorithm will provide better performance with many trai ning data, but speed during testing and application will still suffer. Usage of more pre-processing techniques would also assist. Our future work will try to represent this into a software application and provide a solution for credit card fraud using the new technologies like Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning.
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Copyright © 2023 Wazir Ahmed, Prity Roy, Utsha Talukder, Soumyadip Debroy, Suman Saha, Debasish Bhattacharjee, Nirupam Saha, Moloy Dhar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.