Authors: Mr. Harsh Lonare, Mr. Pawas Dhonge, Ms. Nikita Nikhare, Ms. Pratiksha Shendre, Prof. Yuvraj Suryawanshi
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Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Clean India Mission and abbreviated as SBA or SBM for \"Swachh Bharat Mission is a national campaign by the Government of India, covering 4,041 statutory cities and towns, to clean the streets, roads and infrastruc-ture of the country. Waste segregation and recycling are effective ways of reducing trash. Segregation at the source is the key in solid waste management especially when we have limited economical resources. Segregation of waste and creating awareness of different types of waste is new boom. We divide solid waste into two categories Wet, and Dry waste. According to solid waste management rule, 2016 it is responsibility of generators to segregate waste into these three categories. The main objective of this project is to design a system using Arduino Mega for automatic segregating of waste at source and capable of cleaning. Moisture sensor categorize the waste based on its threshold value and Ultrasonic sensor estimates the distance and the status of the bin will be send through IFTTT (If this then that) for sending SMS. This bin can be used at places like offices, apartments, shopping malls etc. This system will be useful in making Waste Management in smart cities automated without the human intervention.This project uses Segregation, Solid Waste Management, IFTTT, Advanced Bin Segregator.
In today's world common problem faced in waste collection and dumping is mainly: overflowing garbage bins and waste segregation as per its type. Nearby 62 million tons of waste is generated each day by 377 million people living in urban India of which 45 million of waste is left untreated and disposed of unhygienically causing severe health problems and environmental degradation. A rage of not able in flation in the municipal solid waste generation has been registered. Worldwide due to over population, industrialization and economic growth and overflowing landfills are impossible to reclaim because of the improper disposal of wastes on out skirts of cities causing vital environmental entanglement in terms of water pollution and global warming causing a reduction in average lifetime of the manual segregator. In India, rag pickers and conservancy staff play a crucial role in the recycling of urban solid waste and have higher jejuneness due to infections of the skin, respiratory system, gastro intestinal tract, and other allergic disorders.
The economic value of the waste generated is realized after it is recycled completely and there are different techniques available to recycle and reuse the municipal solid waste. When the waste is segregated into basic categories such as wet, dry and metallic, it has an intense perspective of improvement, and accordingly, recycled and reused. Thus, in this paper, we have done a comprehensive survey of different existing techniques for automation of waste segregation.
II. LITERATURE REVIEW
The municipal corporation's community garbage cans are causing a slew of health, environmental, and social problems. This might be due to a variety of factors, including inadequate planning. The positioning of dustbins across the city, as well as the collection method, are both troublesome waste created by the municipal corporation, as well as citizens who are unaware of how to properly utilise dustbins. Various major concerns, such as filthy environments, air pollution, and unhealthy lifestyles, are producing significant problems. The environment is harming people's health. One application displays the status of the garbage can, while another displays the segregation of waste whether the waste is a dry waste or wet waste. The waste can be identified by using various sensors such as Moisture sensor , IR sensor and Ultrasonic sensor. IR sensors will be responsible for taking care of the limit of the bin if the bin is full, the system will be able to send a “CAUTION” message to the worker or the supervisor, using online software IFTTT and Thing Speak mentioned above which will help in quick and effective management and proper continuation of dumping the wastages in the bin
III. RESEARCH GAP
There is a lot of current research being done on the application of IoT based smart segregation bin. Particularly in automating the bins.
Here are some examples of recent research
IV. PROBLEM STATEMENT
Waste isolation is extremely pivotal due to the fact that if all waste accoutrements similar as polythene bags, old cabinetwork, and e-waste get mixed up in the tips, could lead to impurity of the land and water through oohing dangerous substances into the atmosphere. Also, non-segregation also affects climate change, conceivably leading to failure conditions. Therefore, it's essential to separate waste before disposing into the tip. The recyclable corridor of the waste can be reclaimed into useful coffers after the isolation process. It has a large meaning for the current society which is facing the problem of resource deficit. still, it solves further than half of our task and the main problem that we face in managing solid waste would lessen vastly, If we insulate waste at the source itself.
A. Block Diagram
B. Software and Hardware Required
It is a IoT based project that is which We are using different types of sensors like moisture sensor, Proximity sensor, and ultrasonic sensor. These sensors will be programmed on NODE MCU for excellent and accurate output, the complete setup will be installed in such a way that the bins which are used for dumping the garbage and the bins will be segregating the wastes according to its type (wet waste, and dry waste).The sensors are responsible for judging the type of waste dumped in the bin like, moisture sensor will capture the waste and detects the moisture value, if the value of moisture is lower than the threshold value hence it’s a dry waste and if the value of moisture is higher than the threshold value hence its a wet waste. The ultrasonic sensor will indicate the level of the dustbin. If the bin is full, the system will be able to send a “CAUTION” message to the worker or the supervisor, using online software IFTTT and Thing Speak mentioned above which will help in quick and effective management and proper continuation of dumping the wastages in the bin. It will have done with the help of Node MCU, it is a Wi-Fi module that will help in sending the sensor values to Thing Speak, via connecting with the Wi-Fi.
F. Future Scope
We have studied various ideas proposed for proper waste segregation. A stabilized system is needed to prevent harm caused to the environment due to improper disposal.The study shows that IoT-based techniques are mostly used for waste segrega-tion but the cost of implementing an IoT-based system is very high. We can use AI (Artificial Intelligence) in the future to make it more effective and efficient.By continuously using this system to find the maximum height of rubbish in a dustbin that is placed in it. If a dustbin is nearly 70 percent, a mail notification can be sent immediately. It helps to keep the environ-ment clean and without causing any kind of disease.
 “SEGREGATION OF WASTE-A SURVEY” Bohemia P, Sonica, Suma B, Vismitha S, Mrs. Sangeetha, FEB 2020 International Research Journal of Engineer-ing and Technology (IRJET)  Shaman N, P Mohamed Fatima, Raghavendran R, et al “Smart Garbage Segregation & Management System Using Internet of Things (IOT) & Machine Learning (ML)” 2019 1st International Conference on Innovations in Information and Communication Technology (ICIICT).  Smita S Pawar, Shivani Pise, Kranti Walke, Renuka Mohite “Smart Garbage Monitoring System Using AVR Microcontroller” 2018 Fourth International Con-ference on Computing Communication Control and Automation (ICCUBEA).  Ralph Sherwin A. Corpuz, John Clifford R. Orquiza “Utilization of Fuzzy Logic Control in a Waste Robot” 2018 Conference on Humanoid, Nanotechnology, Information Technology, Communication and Control, Environment and Management (HNICEM).
Copyright © 2023 Mr. Harsh Lonare, Mr. Pawas Dhonge, Ms. Nikita Nikhare, Ms. Pratiksha Shendre, Prof. Yuvraj Suryawanshi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.