Authors: J. Manivannan, T. Raman
Certificate: View Certificate
Hazardous chemicals have the potential to purpose poisonous effects on human being. Industrial hygiene is the take a look at of the way to anticipate, understand, evaluate, and control of administrative centre situations which could result in people experiencing illness or injury. This take a look at goals to design what is the entire bodily category of airborne contaminants because of chemical compounds directly and circuitously in to our frame. Considering the importance of hygiene in occupational exposure to active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) may cause unintended health impacts in the handling of these drugs by employees. In an industrial setting, where a worker offers a route of exposure to a powerful chemical compound, there is a high likelihood or risk that the compound will produce the designed response. Industrial hygiene offers needed policies to prevent occupational exposure to powerful compounds and elements of a good powerful safety program for compounds. Industrial hygiene is all about anticipating and assessing the hazards of powerful compounds; determining which of the procedures present the greatest risks; assessing the risks; and controlling future occupational exposures mainly through engineering and administrative systems. all safety precautions should be introduced and failure of control exposures to powerful compounds may result in expensive program mistakes, delayed manufacturing schedules and possibly dangerous exposures to industrial employees.
In this project, we have performed for an industry to identified and evaluate workplace health hazards by personal & work place exposure monitoring. To concerned with the prevention & control of occupational health hazards that arise as a result of or during work. To suggested an engineering, work practice control, and other methods to control potential health hazards to work towards improving employee health, safety and well-being.
Industrial Hygiene has been defined by AIHA as “that science and art devoted to the Anticipation, Recognition, Evaluation and control of those environment factors or stresses arising in or from the workplace, which may cause sickness, impaired health and well-being, or significant discomfort among workers or among citizen of the community the employees.’’.
Place of Occupational Hygiene in Occupational Health
Works Co-ordination between Industrial Hygiene, Medical Officer & Safety Officer for the purpose of Safety & Health Industrial Hygienist will carry out personal monitoring & report individual exposure. Safety Officer will study the IH report and check the feasibility of recommended control measure. Medical officer will examine the worker for effect of exposure and suggest the need biological monitoring as well as give medical guidance. Work of IH is useful to health physician in drawing conclusion for occupational disease
The industrial hygiene program is integrated system to develop in industry to make the employee health and safety in workplace. It’s the Responsibility of Industrial Hygienist includes such as Hazard communication. Qualitative and qualitative health risk assessment Carry out personal and workplace exposure monitoring by adopting standard IH practices Giving recommendations to control and reduce the exposures below exposure limits Provide training to employment on occupational health hazards Increase productivity and employee efficiency by protecting and promoting employee’s health.
The following process in the Integrated Industrial hygiene Program.
4. Hazard Labelling: Hazard labeling is being done to provide guidance in the development, implementation and maintenance of an effective Hazard Labeling plan. Hazard labeling incudes following data: Material Name, Manufacturer’s Name and Address, CAS Number, Emergency Contact Number, Signal Word, Hazard Classification, Hazard Statement, Precautionary Statement, Pictogram
5. Qualitative Risk Assessment (QRA): Qualitative risk assessment is evaluation of potential personal exposure to workplace chemicals, physical, radiological, and/or biological agents based on personal experience and professional judgment. Qualitative assessment mainly focused on following parameters., Area, Unit operation/process, Duration of exposure, Quantity per batch or Activity, Physical form of material, Hazard classification
6. Quantitative Exposure Assessment (QNEA): QNEA is evaluation of actual personal workplace exposure to chemical, physical, radiological, and/or biological agents using accredited numerical and mathematical analysis. QNEA can be planned based on results of QRA. It is being performed to measure personal exposure. This includes: Media selection, low rate setting, Calibration, Personal exposure monitoring, Sending sampled media to the laboratory, Results
7. Velocity Measurement: Velocity measurement is the quantification of Air flow. Air flow can be measured in a variety of ways. Velometer is being used for measurement of Air flow. Velocity measurement Includes measurement of capture velocity, duct velocity and face velocity.
8. Personal Noise Dosimetry: Every worker who is exposed to or likely to be exposed to high noise levels shall be included in the noise monitoring exercise. The noise monitoring exercise refers to performing personal noise dosimeter measurement which involves in the measurement of individual workers noise exposure level using personal dosimeter. Noise Monitoring includes area selection for Personal Dosimetry, Calibration of Personal Dosimeters, personal Noise Monitoring and results.
9. Respiratory Fit Test: It is 10-15 minutes test to check whatever respirator is being used by person/worker/employee is fit for that particular person or not. Selection of test Agent, Hood preparation, Solutions fill up in to squeeze bottle, Respiratory Fit testing,
B. Risk Control Plan
C. Existing System
In this chapter introduce about the existing Industrial hygiene system not consist of integrated industrial Hygiene program for completed analysis of the hygiene study in Industries. It can be used to execute in industries.
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Responsibility of Occupational Physician. Discuss the results with Industrial Hygienist and suggest him required correction. Change in medical surveillance if necessary. Regular periodical biological exposure monitoring of all the employees of facility Increase productivity and employee efficiency by protecting and promoting employee’s health.
III. RESULT AND DISCUSSION
A. QRA Sheet Performed
Based on the above integrated industrial hygiene program implementation in Pharmaceutical Industries Employees who working in Manufacturing plant has to follow the following Hazards Control Measures;
2. Hazard Characterization Recommendation:
3. Noise Risk Control Plans:
4. Air Velocity Risk Control Plans:
The number of Occupational Exposure accidents and fatalities in hazardous pharmaceutical industry and the Breathing Rate during different activities of significant hazardous chemical safety. However, currently hazardous chemical accidents are still frequent in workplace. Moreover, the severity of major hazardous chemical accidents is significant compared to that of other types of industrial accidents. Meanwhile, Organization decided to make and implement a special Industrial Hygiene Program for hazardous chemical safety. Of course, at present and in the future, Organizations hazardous chemical safety is facing a series of opportunities (such as the organization support, the growing safety need of people, and the rapid progress of science and technology). To improve hazardous chemical safety, organization will need to take an Industrial Hygiene principles Anticipation, Recognition, Evaluation, Control and Confirmation, comprehensive approach, which mainly includes risk investigation and control, legislation, supervision, scientific research, technology, education, economy, safety culture, and so on.
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