Authors: Prof. Shubham Khorgade, Apeksha Wankhede , Akhil Gajbhiye, Ankit Ramteke, Sarang Wath, Yashwant Sarpate
Certificate: View Certificate
Electricity is one of the most important things for our daily lives in today\'s technology-driven environment. We are all unaware of the reality that renewable energy sources are exhausting at a breakneck pace. So it\'s time to switch our attention from conventional to unconventional energy sources in order to generate electricity. When compared to traditional sources, non-conventional sources produce less electricity overall. The environment is not harmed by the use of renewable resources. In essence, a solar-wind hybrid system combines a solar energy plant with a wind energy plant. It will contribute to ensuring a steady supply of power. The hybrid system can be applied to both household and commercial settings. Solar-wind hybrid structures are essentially a combination of wind and sun power flowers. The main rotor shaft of horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWTs) is a particular design of wind turbine. One benefit of this configuration is that solar panels and generators can both be installed near to the ground, creating a hybrid system. This electricity can be used for a variety of things. At a reasonable price, electricity will be generated. The goal of this project is to generate electricity from two sources simultaneously at a low cost without endangering the delicate balance of nature.
The hybrid machine is a combination of many renewable energy sources, including solar and wind power. In hybrid energy generation, the energy produced is initially stored in batteries and then utilised to satisfy user needs. Currently, the wind and solar energy industry is developing quite unexpectedly, and conventional power sources are declining every day and will eventually disappear.
We want to learn about new energy sources that are easily accessible without harming the environment. It is powered by solar energy on sunny days and by wind energy in large amounts on cloudy days.
Thanks to renewable energy sources, there is ample clean energy available on earth. The ground, water, sunlight, plants, and other natural resources are the source of these renewable energy sources. Power generating commonly uses these resources. Solar and wind power generation are appealing sources since they are environmentally friendly.
A hybrid machine is a combination of numerous renewable energy sources, such as solar energy, wind energy, and biomass energy. Energy demands are satisfied by storing the electricity produced by hybrid strength generation in batteries initially. Traditional energy sources are declining every day and may disappear in the future, whereas wind and solar power are now growing rapidly.
We therefore want to discover new energy sources that are clean to use without polluting the environment. It is significantly powered by solar energy on sunny days, and significantly powered by wind force on cloudy days. The horizontal axis windmill has the identical horizontal rotor as the traditional Dutch windmill. Windmills with horizontal axes mostly rely on lift from the wind. According to Bernoulli's precept, "a fluid will exit from a region of extremely high stress to a location of low stress." Also, it states, "A fluid's density decreases as its velocity increases."
The horizontal axis windmill blades are primarily based on this principle and are constructed to resemble the wings of an aeroplane with a curved top. This layout increases the air's spread at the top of the wall, correspondingly reduces its density, and causes an upward rise in the air below the wall. The blades are angled at the axis to use lift inside the rucksack. The blades of conventional wind generators are built for maximum lift and little drag.
Now, depending on the environmental conditions, the needed amount of energy may be produced by employing different systems at the same time or by choosing the most effective one, depending on the conditions at that particular time.
II. HYBRID ENERGY SYSTEM
In order to power the load, a hybrid power tool combines two power sources. In other words, it can be described as "a strength device that is manufactured or constructed to extract energy by the use of two energy sources, commonly known as a hybrid energy system." The hybrid strength device has the necessary dependability, efficiency, low emissions, and low cost .
In this proposed device, power is generated using solar and wind strength. In comparison to all other non-conventional energy sources, the strength of the sun and the wind have distinct advantages. Every owner asset is specifically to be held in each area. It asks for a small cost. There is no need to locate a specific area to house this gadget .
A. Solar Power
The sun's radiation is where we get our energy from the sun. On this network, solar energy is continuously and abundantly available. Free sun electricity is available. It doesn't produce any fuel, which means that its constituents are quite loose. It has a tremendous value for the money. It has a low maintenance cost. The biggest issue with solar energy is that it cannot generate electricity in unfavourable climatic conditions. Yet, its effectiveness is exceptional when compared to other electricity assets. It calls for the best preliminary finance. It has a projected existence span and coffee emissions .
B. Wind Power
Wind power is strength that has been extracted from the wind. We employ a wind turbine in mining. It is a sustainable energy source. For wind power to be generated, low value is required. The costs associated with wind machine protection are very low. Wind energy emits very little energy and can be used for at least 24 hours every day. Also less expensive than the device is the first cost. The production of electricity from the wind depends on the air current's spread .
The primary disadvantage of adopting unrestricted renewable energy sources is the permanent lack of strength. We employ the combined strength of the sun and wind to overcome this. such that if one source of energy fails, the alternative will handle the technology. On this proposed machine, we'll employ an aggregate of all the assets. Any other way is that we can use one supply and keep the backup supply on hand as a stand-alone item. This may guarantee the continuity of the generation. This can make the machine dependent. The main disadvantage of this device is that it requires an extremely high penalty fee. Despite being reliable, it emits very little pollution. The cost of renovation is low. This device has a longer lifespan. Performance is preferable. One of the significant advantages of this device is that it provides continuous energy supply. This hybrid system is intended to provide the necessary energy. The usage of a hybrid machine lowers the value of transmission in remote areas because it can be set up there to provide power .
This assignment's goal is to create a horizontal axis wind turbine (HWT) with a solar strength device that can generate electricity from incredibly low wind speeds. To achieve this, the goals are to generate power of 10 days or more:
IV. LITERATURE REVIEW
V. PROPOSED SYSTEM
A. Solar Panel
Solar panels use the energy from the sun to generate heat or electricity. A bundled, connected assembly of typically 6x10 photovoltaic solar cells is known as a photovoltaic (PV) module. The photovoltaic array of a photovoltaic system, which produces and supplies solar electricity for commercial and residential uses, is made up of photovoltaic modules.
B. Wind Turbine
A renewable energy source is wind. The kinetic energy of the wind is transformed into electric energy by a wind turbine. The blades' shaft-connected generator transforms mechanical energy into electrical energy. Depending on the axis on which the blades rotate, there are two different types of wind turbines.
In order to store the electricity generated by solar and wind energy, batteries are employed. The size of the solar or wind power plant may have an impact on the battery's capacity. Low charge leakage and low maintenance should be characteristics of the battery.
VII. PROPOSED CALCULATIONS
Total energy generated by the system is the total energy generated by the solar PV panel and the power generated by the wind turbine. According to statistics, it can be represented by,
PT = NW * Pw + Ns * PS
Total energy generated = PT
Power generated by wind turbines = PW
Energy produced by solar panels = PS
Wind turbine number = NW
Number of solar panels used = NS
A. Calculations for Wind Energy
The energy produced by wind power is provided by,
Energy = (air density * swept area * cubed velocity) / 2
PW = ½. ρ (AW) (V) 3
P is the power in watts (W)
ρ air pressure per kilogram per cubic meter (kg / m³) AW area of ??air per square meter (m²) V wind speed per meter (m / s).
B. Calculations for Solar Energy
To determine the size of the PV modules, the required power consumption should be measured. Therefore, power is calculated as
PS = Ins (t) * AS * Eff (pv)
Ins (t) = separation at t (kw / m2)
AS = one PV panel area (m2)
Effpv = full efficiency of PV panels and dc / dc converters.
The overall efficiency is provided by,
Eff (pv) = H * PR
H = Annual rate of solar radiation on oblique panels.
PR = Performance rate, loss coefficient.
The total cost of a solar-wind energy system depends on the total number of wind turbines used and the total number of solar panels used. The total cost is therefore provided as follows,
Total Cost = (Wind Turbine Number * Cost of One Wind Turbine) + (Solar Panel Number * Cost of One Solar Panel) + (Number of Batteries Used in Battery Bank * Cost of One Battery)
CT = (NW * CWT) + (NS * CSP) + (NB * CB)
CT is the total cost per Rs
CWT is the cost of a single wind turbine
CSP costs one day panel per Rs
CB One Battery Cost Rs
NW is the amount of wind turbine used
NS is the number of solar panels used
NB is the number of batteries used in the Battery Bank.
X. RESULT AND DISCUSSION
This is a model of a solar-wind hybrid system; as can be seen in the image, power generated by the system is transmitted to the load. Accurate measurements and calculations are made of the output voltage, power, and load of the solar panel, wind turbine, batteries, and load. Energy usage and production are measured.
Ergo dynamically, it is a drag-type device made up of two or three scoops. The two scoop machine will have a cross section that resembles a "S" if you look down at the rotor from the top. The scoops have less drag while travelling against the wind than when moving with the wind because of the bend.
Rotation of the wind turbine is a result of differential suction. Wind turbines release substantially less wind energy than other lifting turbines of the same size since they are gravity-type devices. As a result of the low wind speed seen at high elevations, the air rotor's huge swept area may be near to the ground if it has a short ladder and no extended transmission.
A. Solar-PV Wind Power Hybrid Power Is Provided Below
PV Array Power = 20 watts
Air / generator engine = 3W
Electrical power of the system = 48V
Battery = 12V
Inverter Rate (VA) 25
The outgoing AC Wave makes a Sine-wave
Output AC Voltage (Vnom), +/- 10% = 230 V / AC Output Ac frequency, Hertz, +/- 0.5% = 50 Hz.
Comparing hybrid systems to non-renewable energy sources, hybrid systems are one of the most practical and efficient ways to generate power. It is not only less expensive, but it also has no negative environmental effects. In steep places, where it is challenging to distribute electricity using traditional means, it can also be utilised to create electricity. Its setup can be chosen based on the requirements. To a certain extent, all individuals on the planet should be encouraged to manufacture their own electricity from unconventional resources. Some of its advantages include a long lifespan and minimal maintenance. Simply said, a sizable upfront expenditure is necessary. We must all be encouraged to employ precise resources to generate electricity in order to put strength to use globally. give them confidence in a specific quantity. Longer lifespans tend to spread, and one of its primary causes is less protection. It only needs a few significant upfront investments. As we realise that the hybrid vehicle uses the available resources in a sustainable manner while still having a higher unit manufacturing cost. This hybrid device is also capable of escaping any unforeseen or undesirable circumstances. Moreover, hybrid machines are able to satisfy the need for rural and motorway areas. Thus, it is obvious that the hybrid device is the top pick.
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