Authors: Chandan S, Shruthi N
Certificate: View Certificate
Ecommerce, also known as electronic commerce refers to the buying and selling of various goods and services online. In the recent days the word “Ecommerce “has become very familiar due to the internet boom and due to the kind of comfort (and other services) it provides to its users. Many companies have either established their business or have increased their profits with the help of Ecommerce. There are various studies which show that there is an exponential increase in the Ecommerce sales and services and it is very much evident that it will reach new heights in the upcoming years. Ecommerce businesses has seen a 265% growth rate, from $1.3 trillion in 2014 to $4.9 trillion in 2021 also higher. With such a mass boom in Ecommerce people don’t prefer to buy goods offline since they receive more benefits by buying online. But unfortunately, there are a few problems that both the company and its customers are facing. And gradually such problems have been increasing and major issues were with regard to the faulty delivery system. To handle such situations, we propose a solution to avoid any delivery related problems that are caused during delivery and to put a stop to such problems by making sure every customer gets the products as it is by the dealer directly without any interference while delivering. This report discusses about the part of IoT in secured packaging solution, the proposed approach.
The Intelligent Packaging solution aims to use an electronic packaging solution to combat the problem of opening packages during transportation as well as to measure the characteristics of the product, the inner and outer atmosphere of the package. The project IPS aims to use electronic packaging solutions to effectively trigger an alert when a package is opened. This is done by using many sensors in a failsafe system. The problem with single sensor-based systems is that they do not correlate data from different means. IPS uses many sensors that continuously track the physical parameters inside the package to ascertain if the package has been opened or there has been some rise in temperature (for pharmaceutical and temperature sensitive products). Once this alert has been sent to those concerned, they can take necessary action. If there is no alert and a normal delivery takes place, the customer uses his/her mobile phone to scan a QR code displayed on the IPS kit. This will result in an OTP that is received at the customer’s mobile and entering the OTP with the kit will reset the device. The IPS kit is then removed from the box and given to the delivery executive to be reused again. Internet of thing (IoT) is not only an interesting research topic but also a booming industrial trend. Although the basic idea is to bring things or objects into the web, there are various approaches because an IoT system is highly application oriented. Some problems that always arise within the packaging of products are difficulty and inaccuracy in determining appropriate packaging options according to type and condition of the product to be packaged. Incorrect decision of packaging option can cause loss in quality, physical damage to product, packed products might get spoilt, especially perishable and time sensitive products. The smart locker may be a modular and expandable solution developed especially for parcel collection. The functionality are often managed locally.
Security of knowledge is of primary concern and therefore the system is fully compliant with all data protection standards. No resident data is stored locally thanks to the enterprise level cloud-based control system. With the rise of ecommerce, there is an Intelligent packaging solution increasing need to manage online purchase deliveries effectively. Now here is this more apparent than within apartment complexes nationwide.
Today, Internet is migrating from connecting people to connecting things, leading to the new concept of Internet of thing (IoT). This new trend brings things or objects into the Internet and generates new applications and business. It is predicted that 212 billion devices are going to be installed by 2020. These things, ranging from indoor wearable devices to outdoor environmental sensors, became new sources generating data on Internet, together making the entities on Internet more aware of the real world. This brings new applications or revolutions in many fields such as transportation, healthcare, home, industrial, agriculture automation freshnessand extend shelf life during the distribution process (Yam et al, 2005).
Packaging design that combines elements and design guidelines are oriented to the environment, also play a crucial role in informing and directing consumers to keep buying. The increasing packaging types and options nowadays also necessitates more systematic and precise thanks to select the simplest packaging option for a certain type of product. Decision making processes are often faced with a good range of unique conditions, uncertain, dynamic, time consuming and sophisticated nature.
II. PROBLEM STATEMENT
Definition Increased customer experience expectations and product complexity are driving traditional packaging techniques obsolete. In addition to this, traditional packaging methods do not provide the customer as well as the manufacturer with important information about the product during shipping Figure 1 shows delivery mishandling & Figure 2 shows damaged product received.
IV. HARDWARE & SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS
A. Hardware Requirements
B. Software Requirements
B. System Flow
The IPS development kit will be made into a compact space and placed inside the package that is to be secured. The package will have enough space for the kit to work properly. The sensors that are used in the IPS development kit will be turned on and will start working. The kit will travel within the box till the destination where it will be removed after verification of the data. Fig 4 shows System flow diagram.
C. Flowchart And Description
The below Figures show the working of the IPS System at each stage and also the updates recieved in the telegram simultaneously.
IPS DevKit can be used in many industries that may transport expensive that may require utmost security. Some of them are:
The idea of IPS kit with few modifications can be used to provide safety for belongings and to notify the owner if there is any harm, damage or misplacement. IPS as a solution can be deployed in the logistics industry based on the needs of the client and targeted products.
VIII. FUTURE SCOPE
Below Feature can be added
We are designing and implementing the non-destructive package testing and verification solution using an electronic packaging solution called IPS development kit. The kit will be placed inside the package with enough space to work properly. The kit will travel within the box till the destination where it will be removed after the delivery If there is any tampering or intrusion during the delivery process an alert will be sent. By this we are maintaining the integrity of the product as well as the reputation of the companies that use this system and along with that, we are hoping to ensure customer satisfaction by getting them the product they requested without any problem. In the project phase 1 we have understood the hardware requirements and the methodology to implement them and integrate them to the ARM microcontroller. We will be using different kind of sensors and gaining knowledge about them and hence has given a different perspective on what else can be done using these sensors. We will be learning embedded C language in order to write the code for the working of the Dev-Kit. This will help us in future as we gain knowledge on how to write code.
 Authors: Shahriar Rahman Fahim “Development of a Remote Tracking Security Box with Multi- Factor Authentication System Incorporates with a Biometric Sensing Device”  Year Of Publication: 2019  Authors: JiuWen, Yanchun Sun “Map-Matching Service Designed for Courier Trajectories” Published In: 11 September2017, IEEE Xplore.  Authors: SaipunidzamMahamad, SuziahSulaiman, Wong Yi Leng “An Integrated Courier Services Application: A New UserExperience.” Date Added to IEEE Xplore: 04 February2019  Authors: Ge Wang Jinsong Han Chen “ Verifiable Smart Packaging with PassiveRFID”  IEEE Xplore: September 2016
Copyright © 2022 Chandan S, Shruthi N. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.