The concept of laboratory automation has existed for years; such automation has been used primarily in nonclinical and industrial settings. Specimen movement and result reporting are based on the identification of specimens using bar coded specimens and bar coded specimen carriers. The implementation of a laboratory automation system is dependent on the presence of a laboratory information system. An interface between the laboratory information system and the laboratory automation system provides the information required to move the specimen through the laboratory. The reporting of results is dependent on the laboratory information system or manual input, depending on the type of work cell in which the results are produced.
The greatest hurdle to overcome in developing and implementing a laboratory automation system is the integration of systems, including commercial laboratory instrumentation and user-defined work cells. The barriers to implementation primarily are proprietary in nature: instrument software and instrument hardware. When the instrument manufacturers realize the necessity for development of electronic and physical integration, the proliferation of laboratory automation systems will occur. This article describes the author\\\'s concepts of laboratory automation.
This is the Simple project based on the lab automation. In the modern world or time, the technology is improving day by day. In this time the people want to do work with less efforts. And this can be achieved with the help of this project. The idea is to plant several sensors around the lab and give a calculated feedback to the response these sensors receive. An example would be having PIR sensors around the lab that would detect the presence of human and turns the fan ON or OFF. For light control, there will be LDR and if the illumination in the lab and turns the light ON/OFF according to the room’slighting changes from high to low. And this project is to be overall cost effective. While the idea to improve lab is the priority of this project work, importance is made to ensure that this system is affordable to all those who need it. The setup cost may initially be a bit high, but in the long run it is expected that there will be a reduction in both electricity.
II. LITERATURE SURVEY
This paper describes a Laboratory Automation System using IoT devices.. The project is published as open source software and hardware.
Published in: 2020 21st International Symposium on Electrical Apparatus & Technologies (SIELA)
Date of Conference: 3-6 June 2020
Date Added to IEEE Xplore: 14 August 2020
2. In this paper we presented the a Lab Automation System (LAS) using Nodemcuesp8266 that employs the integration of cloud networking, wireless communication, which provide the user with remote control of lights, fans, and appliances within their lab and storing the data in the cloud. The system will automatically change on the basis of sensors’ data. This system is designed with low cost and expanded in lab to control variety of devices.
3. Prospective authors are requested to submit new, unpublished manuscripts for inclusion in the upcoming event described in this call for papers.
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering ( Volume: 2, Issue: 2, April 2005)
Date of Publication: 11 April 2005
III. PROBLEM STATEMENT
The lab automation using Internet of Things has been experimentally proven to work satisfactorily by connecting simple appliances to it and the appliances were successfully controlled remotely through internet. Thedesigned system not only monitors the sensor data, like temperature, gas, light, motion sensors, but also actuates a process according to the requirement, for example switching on the light when it gets dark. This will help the user to analyze the condition of various parameters in the lab anytime anywhere.
Manual methods are used in small schools with less number of students
Automation can be implemented for only needy systems which may reduce cost
A single android smartphone can control multiple devices
Any android phone can be used, no internet required once the app is downloaded
There is no need for extra training of that person who is using it.
There is no time delay for turn on or turn off the connected device.4
IR sensors will be placed at the entrance of the lab where it acts as switch if any person enters in lab.
That IR will send signal to main ARDUINO circuit and from there appropriate signal for the output device will be given .
Temperature sensors are places in lab and will switches when temperature of lab goes increases to a certain level and fans will start.
At the end stage relay board is actual responsible to switch on or off the devices.
IV. MODULE DESCRIPTION
The lab automation using Internet of Things has been experimentally proven to work satisfactorily by connecting simple appliances to it and the appliances were successfully controlled remotely through internet. The designed system not only monitors the sensor data, like temperature, gas, light, motion sensors, but also actuates a process according to the requirement, for example switching on the light when it gets dark. This will help the user to analyze the condition of various parameters in the lab anytime anywhere
 Abhishek N Vaghela,Bhavin D Gajjar,Subhash J Patel.” Automatic switch using PIR sensor”, in 2017 International Journal of Engineering and Research| Volume 5, Issue 1 | ISSN: 2321-9939
 Vishvendra Pal Singh Nagar,” GSM led dot-Matrix message display, International journal of advance research in science and engineering”, Vol. 04, issue 8 August 2015
 CharithPerera, Student Member, IEEE, ArkadyZaslavsky, Member, IEEE, Peter Christen,andDimitriosGeorgakopoulos, Member, IEEE “Context Aware Computing for The Internet of Things: A Survey”. IEEE COMMUNICATIONS SURVEYS & TUTORIAL
 Inderpreet Kaur, “Microcontroller Based LAB Automation System With Security” at IJACSA) International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, Vol. 1, No. 6, December 20