This paper presents the details of an experimental and numerical investigation of natural convection in a radial heat sink, composed of a horizontal circular base and curved fins mounted on it and flux input will be examined. Using the experimental data and some basic simulation we will validate our model . The general flow pattern is that of chimney; i.e., cooler air entering from outside is heated as it passes between the fins, then rises from the inner region of heat sink. Parametric studies will be performed to compare the effects of on two parametric geometric ( no. of fins and height of fins). This is a crucial aspect in what concerns the expected lifetime of the LED lamp and should be achieved at the expense of as low as possible aluminium mass. The objective is to achieve a maximum core temperature of 70 degree C keeping the heat sink total mass and occupied volume contained.
We experimentally investigate natural convection from Radial Plate Curved Plate Fins and Flux input will be examined. Using the experimental data and some basic CFD simulation we validated our model. We plotted a graph between Temperature variation vs number of fin. The graphs showed certain fin number at which the thermal resistance is minimized. We compared the temperature variation for curved fins of plate vs temperature variation on straight fins of plate. In addition to that we will also find out optimal value of fin number. This is a crucial aspect in what concerns the expected lifetime of the LED lamp and should be achieved at the expenses of as low as possible aluminum mass. Taking these criteria in mind, a design procedure is proposed and followed in the search for the improved heat sink to cool a particular LED lamp. The objective was to achieve a maximum core temperature of 70°C keeping the heat sink total mass and occupied volume contained. The presented methodology is general in character and may be extended to improve other types of heat sinks for virtually any other electronic components.
A Steady State Thermal Image of an ungenerated heat flux. This is the snapshot of 16 Fins Radial Heat Sink in Ansys software before the implementation of our analysis.
We are profoundly grateful to Prof. Bhushan G. Patil for his expert guidance and continuous encouragement throughout to see that this project rights its target since its commencement to its completion.
We would like to express deepest appreciation towards Dr. K. Nandurkar, Principal, KKWIEER, Prof. Milind Murugkar , Head of Department of Mechanical Engineering whose invaluable guidance supported us in completing this project.
At last we must express our sincere heartfelt gratitude to all the staff members of Mechanical Engineering Department who helped us directly or indirectly during this course of work.
Parametric studies were performed to compare the effects of the number of fins, fin length, fin height, and heat flux on the thermal resistance and the heat transfer coefficient to applied for the street light.
As the number of fins, fin length, and fin height increased, the thermal resistance and heat transfer coefficient generally decreased and hence it is more conveninent to use for street light led working.
However, there existed optimal values of the number of fins and fin length to obtain an effective low heat sink temperature so that the heating of led is controlled.
 Approach to thermal optimization of horizontally oriented radial plate-fin heat sinks in natural convection. (2018) Energy Conversion and Management [ELSEVIER].
 Vítor A.F. Costa, António M.G. Lopes: Improved radial heat sink for led lamp cooling. (2014) Applied Thermal Engineering [ELSEVIER].
 Seung-Hwan Yu, Kwan-Soo Lee, Se-Jin Yook: Natural convection around a radial heat sink. (2010) International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer [ELSEVIER].
 Gerd Schmid, L.G. Valladares-Rendón, Tai-Her Yang, Sih-Li Chen: Numerical analysis of the effect of a central cylindrical opening on the heat transfer of radial heat sinks for different orientations. (2017) Applied Thermal Engineering [ELSEVIER]
 Seung-Hwan Yu, Kwan-Soo Lee, Se-Jin Yook: Optimum design of a radial heat sink under natural convection. (2011) International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer [ELSEVIER].