Authors: Aravind Gudapati, Arthik Shetty, Chandrashekar , Kushal S K, K. P. Mayuri
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We want to set up a system to be able to identify the indication of a heart diseases at an initial stage in order to avoid the heart failures from occurring in the first phase. A system that can precisely forecast the possibility of getting heart disease must be in place because it is unfeasible for the common individual to frequently go through pricey tests like the ECG. Researchers used a range of methods, including the feature selection algorithm sequential feature selection, LDA, SVM, RF, DT, KNN, and GBC, to predict heart illness. As a result, we recommend developing a programme that can estimate the susceptibility of a heart ailment given basic inputs like age, sex, pulse rate and pO2.
In the field of healthcare, the study of disease diagnosis is essential . A disease is defined as any factor or group of factors that results in pain, ill health, or dysfunction and lastly, a person's demise. Modern life's hectic pace results in an unhealthy lifestyle that breeds anxiety and sadness. There is a propensity to turn to excessive smoking, drinking, and drug use to combat these symptoms. All of these factors are the underlying causes of a number of deadly diseases, such as cancer and cardiovascular conditions. A number of disorders can affect your heart and are referred to as heart disease. In regarding to World Health Organization (WHO) report cardiovascular illnesses are now the major source of death worldwide, resulting for 17.9 million deaths each passing year. Various high obesity, cholesterol, an increase in triglyceride levels, hypertension, etc. are all risk factors for heart disease. According to WHO guidelines, everyone has a fundamental right to health. It is believed that suitable medical services should be made available for regular health examinations. With heart disease accounting for roughly 31% of all fatalities worldwide, it is the most common cause of death. As a result of lack of diagnostic facilities, certified medical professionals, and other resources that affect the accurate prediction of the heart illness, prior identification and treatment of many heart problems are very difficult, especially in developing nations. Utilizing the Random Forest method, the objective is to find out the age group and heart rate. In our project, we describe how the system estimates a user's pulse rate and condition by taking the inputs from them, such as blood pressure (BP) and many others. RFA execution provides improvement of the user experience and more exact results by comparing to other algorithms, which is a lot better method. This assists in the initial diagnosis of the illness and is employed in a variety of ways, including when the input is given to find out the pulse rate based on the obtained input data.
As shown in figure1, diagnosis can be defined as the process of find out which disease a person has based on their symptoms and examination results. Medical records provided the information. An individual with a medical pathology is physically examined to gain the knowledge required for diagnosis. At the minimum one diagnostic procedure, such as a medical test, is often carried out during this treatment. A medical professional will follow a procedure with several phases in order to establish an accurate diagnosis and obtain the greatest amount of data possible. The patient's required therapy may be put off or disregarded as a result of a diagnostic error, leading to serious health issues and it is very dangerous to patient.
II. LITERATURE REVIEW
In page  Prediction of the Heart Disease Using Machine Learning Methods Galla Munaga Meghana, Siva Sai Bindhika. Several record where collected to pre-process data on heart disease. The dataset consists of 303 patient records, 6 of which contain partial missing data. After those 6 records were removed from the dataset, pre-processing was performed on the remaining 297 patient records.
Selection and Reduction of Features: Age, testbps, chol, fbs, restecg, thalach, cp, exhang, sex, olpeak, slope, ca, thal, and target are the 13 qualities. Other than age and sex, two of the data set's 13 other qualities are used to determine the patient's personal information. The remaining traits are important since they comprise essential clinical records. Clinical data are crucial for cardiac illness diagnosis and severity assessment. The best-performing models among the many classification models utilised, including decision trees, language models, random forests, and support vector machines, are determined from the results based on their low error rates.
In page  Heart Disease can be predictied Using technique Machine Learning by Aditi Gavhane, Prof, Kailas Devadkar (PhD). Recent research have shown that the machine learning field's most well-liked and rapidly developing subfield is neural networks. Now, to test and train the dataset for the suggested system.A superintend neural network approach known as a multi-layer perceptron has one layer for input, one for output, and one or more invisible layers in between these two layers. The invisible layers connect each input layer node to the output layer nodes. Any two nodes' connections have weights assigned to them.
The formula for the calucation of the resultant input. Yin=∑ ???????????????? (i = 0 - ????) where xi is ith input, and wi for matching weight. To balance the perceptron, a second identity input of weight b where is to introduced node and is referred to as Bias. Depending on the situation, the nodes' connection can either be feed forward or feedback.
In page  Muhammad Waseem Anwar The Framingham dataset is the dataset we are using in our research because it is one of the most popular datasets and contains all the necessary attributes that can aid us in the prognosis of these illnesses. The Framingham dataset was gathered in three stages. Data were gathered from 5209 men and women aged 30 to 62 during the first phase, which was done back in 1948. In the second phase, which took place in 1971, 5124 participants were requested to undergo the identical testing procedure. These individuals represented the second generation of first-phase participants. The final phase, in which the data were processed, was started in April 2002.
In page  The innovative strategy he proposed was the selection of important features from the data for machine learning classifier training and testing. They were classified with an accuracy rate of 88.07%. By utilising an improved SVM-based duality optimization technique, Geweid et al. created HD detection tools. To further understand the significance of our suggested methodology, Table 1 summarises the limitations and benefits of the HD diagnosis approaches that have been suggested in the aforementioned literature. To detect the HD, all of these current strategies utilised a variety of ways.
In page  Many of them conducted the studies in the medical area on disease detection systems using different machine learning approaches. Another was presented by Vikas Chourasia et al. Understanding of the Data Mining Techniques for Early detection of the Heart illness. They also employed decision tables, iterative dichotomization, classification and regression trees, and other techniques. The method involves 10-fold cross processing, and CART has one of the highest accuracy (83%) of the methods. To diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD), Lakshmana Rao et al. Alizadeh Sani et al. It is used as rule-based, cost-sensitive, and sequential minimum optimization. Techniques for Heart Disease Using Machine Learning figuring out the heart disease have many factors which may affects some of them are(stress, circulatory strain, diabetes, chain smokers, high cholesterol, etc.).
In page  Diagnosis And Prognosis Of Cardiac Disease Using various Machine Learning Techniques: J.Jeyaganesan1 ; A.Sathiya2 ; This essay's research involves looking through publications, magzines that have been released, and current heart disease statistics. The technique is a group of simulations that changes the incoming data into patterns of data that are familiar to the users. The introduced approach consists of three stages, the first is the data collection, the second is the extraction of relevant values, and the third is the pre-processing stages where we can study the data. In page  P. S. Kohli and S. Arora. On three distinct illness databases (Heart, Breast cancer, and Diabetes) available in the UCI repository for disease prediction, we employ various classification methods in this study, each with its own advantages. The p-value test and backward modelling were used to choose the features for each dataset. The study's conclusions lend credence to the idea that early disease detection may be possible using machine learning. In page  Lakshmanarao and T.S. R.Kiran.. Two different datasets from Kaggle and UCI were used to evaluate the suggested methodology. On the unbalanced dataset, we employed sampling techniques, and to discover the best features, we used feature selection techniques. Later, a number of classifier models were used, and the ensemble classifier produced good precision. On evaluation of two datasets have demonstrated that the proposed model is useful for forecastting heart disease. Each and every implementation made use of Python.
In page  Erdo?an and S. Güney .Cardiac disease, which kills the majority of patients, is one among significant illnesses in current times. Heart disease diagnosis is highly challenging in medicine. While cardiac conditions are medically diagnosed, they can be mistaken for other conditions that present with the same symptoms, including chest pain, breathing problem, palpitations, and nausea. Medical diagnosis of heart irregularities is very challenging. In this work, machine learning techniques were used to identify the presence of heart disorders. In this study, the patient data were weighted based on how they affected the success rate. In this study, a method for calculating the weight coefficient is proposed. The results of the proposed method show that 13 different patient features led to 86.90% success.
In page  The medical industry generates a large scale of data, which must be processed using any cutting-edge methods that will enable us to deliver accurate results, make accurate decisions based on the data, and obtain the intended outcomes. The main issue and one of the main contributors to the number of fatalities worldwide is heart disease. In this survey, a model for predicting heart disease is implemented using machine learning technique such as Gaussian Naive Bayes, Random Forest, and K-Nearest Neighbor supports vector machines 13 elements, including age, BMI, gender, sugar level, blood pressure, oxygen concentration, cholesterol, obesity, and cp, are used in the framework. We are using a user-friendly system that comprises several phases. We choose the algorithm to run on the chosen dataset and upload the dataset file in the first stage.
A. Description of the Dataset
There are 14 qualities in use here. The patient's presence of heart disease is the target field. The following characteristics were employed in this study report.
B. Pre-processing of the Dataset
There are no null values in the dataset we have to handle the outliers and the dataset's distribution is also off. Two strategies were applied. Without using outliers, a feature selection procedure, or putting the data straight to machine learning algorithms, the results were not encouraging.
The distribution of the data is essential for problem prediction or categorization. According to the dataset, heart disease happened 54.46% of the time while it went undiagnosed 45.54% of the time.
2. Feature Selection.
The Lasso algorithm, which is a part of embedded approaches, is used to pick features and only select the crucial characteristics when doing feature selection. It has a greater prediction accuracy when compared to filter techniques. It generates useful feature subsets for the employed algorithm.
3. Checking Duplicate Values in the Data.
We need to remove the duplicate carefully if not that they will appear in the training dataset and testing dataset .
VI. FUTURE SCOPE
The proposed system can be enhanced in order to find various other methods of disease prediction, including those for diabetes, respiratory problems, lung infections, and a wide range of other conditions. We may also develop an Web application that the user can access whenever and wherever he wants The device will then compute all 13 elements, run the algorithms, and provide information about your heart's condition as a result, the patient need not visit the hospital to learn about his or her specific condition.
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