Authors: Ganesh Dighorikar, Alankar Hedaoo, Kavi Katekhaye, Khushali Zode, Prof. Vivek. N. Mahawadiwar
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Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) gained universal attention now a day owing to This innovative is sensing technology to incorporate an immense number sensor nodes or motes set up in an area of perceive any continuously are fluctuating physical to phenomena. These tiny sensor nodes sense and process the sensed data and transfer this information to a base station or sink via radio frequency (RF) channel. The small size of these sensors is an advantage as it can be easily embedded within any device or in any environment. This feature has attracted the use of WSNs in immense applications especially in monitoring and tracking; the most prominent being the surveillance applications. But this type of tiny sizes of sensors to nodes restricts to resourcing capabilities. Usually to WSNs are install to application area to the human intervention of quite risk and difficult. The sense information might to need to taking the critical decisions to emergency applications. So maintaining the connectivity of the network is of utmost importance. The efficient use of the available resources to the maximum extend is a necessity to prolong the network lifetime. Most of research the area of WSNs has concentrate on energy efficiency where the design of energy efficient routing protocols plays a major role. The triangulations rules were applied for 20, 50 and 100 nodes demonstration for WSNs integrated with co-operative communications.
In this project we will simulate the triangular network modelling using a wireless sensor network (WSN) for co-operative communication in Matlab. Wireless sensor network will be designed and simulate in a Matlab software in order to design a triangular network and simulate it for co-operative communication. Cooperative communication refers to selecting multiple forwarding nodes for data at the same time is provides of additional flexibility and declare new functions for the network layers. Cooperative communication of need to considering various energy save measures. The high dynamic network save energy of maintain the reliability to nodes an important research to directions. Through the multiple forwarding nodes is used in existing cooperative communication protocols to improving the reliability to the nodes. The reliability model is unpredictable. More, using to sleep the sensing nodes to saving energy isn’t considers. Therefore it is new cooperative communication to algorithms is needed. Multi-agent to route planning is the newly research directions of intelligent agents to transmissions. Multi-agent route are to overlapping between route, which results in energy waste. Furthermore, it is the necessary to studies new multi-agent routing algorithms. The recent years, wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are the important parts of Internet of Things. They are undergoes tremendous developments . The wireless channels of WSN in the IoT changing dynamical and resources of nodes is limited. It is the great challenges to provide high-performance of communication, especially to multimedia communications. The Cooperative communications is consider the solution of this challenges, this is scalable, to energy efficient to faults tolerant. The IOT have been applied to various field and form intelligence. WSN is the network layer of the IoT. Although intelligence of mobile agent, data and deploys tasks are collected. The optimization of algorithms can cooperative communication to intelligent mobile agents is studied. The specific contributions are as follows. (1) In this aspects of cooperative communications technology a new cooperative communication algorithm KCN (k-cooperative node) is to be proposed. K cooperative nodes for the transmission is using in each hop. Moreover, the reliability of transmission in dynamic network is improved. (2) To Intelligent mobile agents have a view to the whole networks. Sink node centralizes the planning of proxy routing. The proxy is routing can be control by using programming. In this fact, the idea of this software defining networks have been applied to the realization of intelligent agents. This paper the multi-agents routing plan algorithms is study, and the directional sources of grouping based on multi-agents itinerary planning (D-MIP) are proposed.
The remainder of the paper is structured as follows. Section 2 introducing the currents research progressing and the shortcomings. In Section 3, a new cooperative communication algorithm KCN is proposed. The algorithm uses K cooperative nodes per hop for transmission, which improves the reliability of transmission in dynamic network. Section 4 studies the multi-agent routing planning algorithm and proposes the directed source packet multi-agent routing planning algorithm. Section 5 is describing the experimental processing to result analysis. In this Section 6 summarized to whole papers and the puts forwarding the next research plans.
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have gained universal attention now a day’s owing to advancements made in fields of informations and the communication technologies and the electronics fields. Cooperative communication takes advantage of the wireless medium's broadcast nature and allows terminals to relay information to one other. The signals may be processed in the following way by intermediate relay terminals.
A relay receives the signal, amplifies it, and then retransmits it at the following phase in this scheme.
This style of operation places less processing stress on the relay, resulting in a substantially shorter latency, and is thus frequently used for time-sensitive traffic like as speech and live video.
A key concern with such techniques is noise amplification This innovative sensing technology incorporate an immense number of sensor nodes or motes set up in an area to perceive any continuously fluctuating physical phenomena. If any nodes running out of the power, the entire networks connectivity collapses and the intending of the deployments might be futile. Because of the reasons most of the research in area of the WSNs have concentrated on energy efficiency where the design of energy efficient routing protocols plays a major role. The triangulations rules were applied for 20, 50 and 100 nodes demonstration for WSNs integrated with co-operative communications.
Protocols of Communication in simulate is A huge number of sensor nodes are deployed to acquire complete information about the area of interest. Data congestion can arise when all of these sensor nodes try to connect with the base station or sink at the same time. proposes a new congestion control technique. To minimised packet losses, the buffer in each nodes is to be modified dependent on downstream data transfers in the process. This algorithm's performance were tested by the simulate the model in the MATLAB software . The time stamped with data transmission will not be the same for all nodes if each node works on a separate clock time. Thus result, synchronising the time for all the nodes are critical. proposes a time synchronisation approach for neighbouring nodes based on the Gradient Time Synchronization Protocol (GTSP), , which is designed for accurate clock synchronisation of neighbouring nodes in a network simulator
The data gathered at the sensor nodes must be sent to the base station or sinks. This necessitates the use of a reliable communication protocol. In order to turn on and off the radios, a sleep scheduling technique is described in. The radio is turned on and off as a contiguous link scheduling problem, which is modelled in a C++ simulator. proposes a hierarchical routing protocol that is an optimised Low Energy Adaptive Clustering (LEACH) protocol. LEACH is a clustering-based energy-saving mechanism based on the assumption that all nodes have the same amount of energy.
Because nodes do not utilise the same amount of energy in actuality, an efficient LEACH is proposed in this approach. The method assigns time slots to each node. When a node does not send data during its time slot, another node takes over the slot and transmits data. This decreases the time it takes for other nodes to respond, resulting in more effective use of the available resources. In OMNeT++, the algorithm's performance was evaluated constructs a data gathering tree and proposes an energy efficient scheduling strategy. The algorithm is designed to reduce state transitions and, as a result, energy usage. For scheduling, this algorithm use the Time 3 division multiple access (TDMA) technique.
Subsets of the sensors' actions are separated into different groups, and time slots are scheduled in advance.
As, the entire network is separated into several groups. Each group in the network consists of a parent and children node. The children's nodes will send data to the parent, who will then send data to the sink within the time frame given. To verify the model's performance, it was simulated in NS2.34. There are over 20,50 and 100 WSN frameworks integrated with co-operative communication to choose from. A few frameworks were chosen and examined from among all the simulation environments. The following factors were taken into account when choosing a simulation platform: co-simulation with MATLAB®, operating system support, programming language implementation and API, number of nodes that could be simulated at the same time, documentation, latest version availability, ZigBee® support, and potential installation issues. MATLAB® plays a significant part in the design because the goal is to integrate the software model and hardware prototype.
As a result, the simulation environment must be able to interface with MATLAB®/Simulink® in real-time.
WSNs are used for various applications in our daily life. Since numerous sensors are usually deployed on remote and inaccessible places, specifically for monitoring and surveillance applications, the deployment and maintenance should be easy and scalables. As the sensor nodes are resource constrained, the efficient use of these resources especially the energy resource is very much decisive for retaining the life time of the WSNs. As energy is utilised more for communication purpose, efficient routing protocol design is a need for WSNs for prolonging the network lifetime. The triangulations rules were applied for 20, 50 and 100 nodes demonstration for WSNs The protocols developed during this research, attains the basic objective of the research work, energy efficient routing in WSNs. The outcome shows an increase in life time, average energy of nodes and packet delivery ratio and a decrease in the average packet delay which proves the energy efficiency of the modified protocols. These protocol was developed to mainly keeping in the mind in the agriculture sector. They can be customised according to the requirements in the practical scenario.
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Copyright © 2022 Ganesh Dighorikar, Alankar Hedaoo, Kavi Katekhaye, Khushali Zode, Prof. Vivek. N. Mahawadiwar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.