Authors: Mr. Akash Roy, Dr. Pranab Barman
Certificate: View Certificate
MOOCs are an innovative way to conduct teaching-learning in online, with the help of internet technology. The objectives of the study are to Know about the user friendly characteristics of MOOCS. Know the role of MOOCS as an alternative to traditional education, role of MOOCs in higher education. Explore the benefits of MOOCS and to know about the disadvantages of MOOCS. It is a qualitative research. The study is conducted on the bases of researcher observation and critically analysis of the providing facilities of MOOCS in higher education. MOOCs is so popular because it is based on learner centered pedagogy, select learner interest topic, Value oriented, Language is no barrier here, globally use, any time anywhere, Learning is so enjoyable. MOOCs are no alternative to traditional formal education but it is modified then traditional learning. The special role of MOOCs in higher education is it is a free platform, Access for all, Professional development, Provide new courses. Including above benefits there are some limitations of MOOCs are- absence of physical classroom, absence of teacher physical interaction, Here individual attention by the teacher is absent, in remote area where internet connection is week where it is a big problem, most courses are provided by English that’s why language is one of the barriers, to assessment the students is difficult, interaction with teacher and other students is less.
Over time technological advances have been made. Once upon a time a student had to read books and go directly to the institution to get education, but now the bookish thinking of education has come out and he/she is able to know and learn the subject of his/her interest while sitting at home. Oxford dictionary defines MOOCs as “A course of study made available over the Internet without charge to a very large number of people (Banwari, V, 2018).” Nowadays students do not want to be limited to general subject. They want to learn something that directly helps them develop skills. Again he is learning by saving time and money. He/she is learning as well as doing other things. And these are only possible with MOOCS. MOOC first appeared in 2008, and then MOOCS began to develop extensively in 2012. Today it has become a popular learning platform by meeting the huge demand of the people. Bates, 2015 define the elements of MOOC. The following aspects are the meaning of MOOC.
II. REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE
Evgun, P.(2013) has conducted a study on ‘Prospects for Success of MOOC in Higher Education in India’. The purpose of the paper was to focus on providing framework for for everyone who are a part of higher education. Here use a model in the thought of mind of university, trainers and students prospective for getting the total benefit of MOOC.
Zhussupbekov, A. (2015) has conducted a study on ‘Moocs and Their Implications for Traditional Higher Education Institutions’. They conclude that Although MOOCs provide an online platform to gain knowledge for free or for a small fee, they cannot replace traditional institutions because they provide students with constructive face-to-face guidance on the part of faculty.
Pouezevara, R, S & Horn, J, L. (2016) have conducted a study on ‘MOOCs and Online Education: Exploring the Potential for International Educational Development’. This paper explains MOOCs and compares with pre established online and open educational platform. MOOCs are a important learning platform to enhance the knowledge and competencies.
Yuan, L & Powel, S. (2013) in his study ‘MOOCs and Open Education: Implications for Higher Education’. The objective of the study is to help head in a higher education institutions gain a complete understanding of the characteristic of Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) and it will help to understand how they will implement in their institution effectively.
Huah, L & Goh. (2017) have conducted a study on ‘The Effectiveness and Challenges of Mooc for Learning’ to report on the experiences and challenges encountered in the process of implementing the MOOC in WOU is the objective of the study. The method of the study is Questionnaire survey to data collection. Descriptive data analysis was conducted using the data analysis in SPSS. There was slow take up from initial launch. And it is also told that learner participation is gradually decrease time by time and they are more enjoying with downloaded materials.
Kennedy, J. (2014) has conducted a study on ‘Characteristics of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs): A Research Review, 2009-2012’. The objective of the study is to describe use of MOOCs in informal way and as a secondary way of learning. The study was conducted by literature review. Key characteristics are revealed: different definitions of openness, barriers to diligence, and an individual structure that take in the form as one of two educational approaches.
Aydin, I,E & Yazici, M. (2020) have conducted a study on ‘Drop-Out In MOOCs’. Objectives of the study-This study examined the factors that effected the MOOC participants’ noncompletion in the MOOCs Platform, entitled as AKADEMA, of Anadolu University, and their recommendations for improvement of these MOOCs. Methodology of the study: case study, data were collected by using an online questionnaire that included openended questions.
III. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
A. What makes MOOCs so popular?
B. Can MOOCS be used as an alternative to traditional education?
C. What are the special roles of MOOCS in higher education?
D. What are the benefits of MOOCS?
E. What are the disadvantages of MOOCS?
A. Know about the user friendly characteristics of MOOCS.
B. Know the role of MOOCS as an alternative to traditional education.
C. The special role of MOOCS in higher education.
D. To know about the benefits of MOOCS.
E. To know about the disadvantages of MOOCS.
It is a qualitative research. The study is conducted on the bases of researcher observation and critically analysis of the providing facilities of MOOCS in higher education.
VI. FINDINGS & DISCUSSION
A. What makes MOOCs so Popular?
B. Can MOOCs be used as an Alternative to Traditional Education?
MOOCs are very useful in present time. It can be used to facilitate attractive courses for all learners. And also provide normal course for those who are no afforded traditional classroom teaching- learning. Here provide all facilities and activities of formal classroom teaching-learning. In India here people have diverse need and diverse work environment they have that’s why the only alternative to provide education to all learner which is MOOCs.
In MOOCs here provide quality material, effective teaching by specialist, discussion session, weekly mock test and effective evaluation technique. A study conducted by Dillahunt, et al, (2013) they find that those people are not engaged in any formal course they are more motivated, more engagement and performance and a higher rate of completing courses with certificates of distinction. That’s why we can say that not an alternative to formal education but MOOCs is very useful better than a traditional teaching learning.
C. What are the Special Roles of MOOCs in Higher Education?
Now in higher education MOOCs have a special role for interested people.
D. What are the Benefits of MOOCs?
E. What are the Disadvantages of MOOCs?
On the bases of above discussion we can say the MOOCs is one of the biggest platform of learning in present time. Here people can learn with effectively, any time any where bases. Here the total learning activity is based of people interest. If they willing to learn they can learn if the not agree to learn they are not learn. So it can be said that it is a user friendly, innovative, online platform.
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