Conventional steel buildings are an old concept that requires a significant amount of time and money. To modify A pre-engineering concept is being developed for this problem. It introduced to the Indian market in 1990’s.PEB concept is totally versatile due to its quality, prefabrication, light weight and economical construction. In structural engineering, a pre-engineered building (PEB) is designed by a manufacturer to be fabricated using a pre-determined inventory of raw materials and manufacturing methods that can efficiently satisfy a wide range of structural and aesthetic design requirements. Pre engineered steel buildings can be fitted with different structural accessories including mezzanine floors, canopies, fascias, interior partitions etc. and the building is made water proof by use of special mastic beads, filler strips and trims. A hangar is a closed structure to hold aircraft or spacecraft in protective storage. Hangars are used for protection from weather, protection from direct sunlight, maintenance, repair, manufacture, assembly and storage of aircraft on airfields, aircraft carriers and ships. In this study, a 60m clear span aircraft hangar is developed using STAAD Pro and compared to a C- Section and H- section PEB.
Because steel is ductile and flexible by nature, steel is the material of choice for design. Under heavy weights, it flexes rather than breaking and disintegrating building construction continues to prefer structural steel because of its low cost, strength, durability, design flexibility, adaptability, and recyclability. Today’s structural steel frame offers new chances and solutions to build complex structures that were previously thought to be unachievable, fusing grace, beauty, and utility in virtually unlimited ways.
Pre-engineered buildings are new steel structures that are being developed and built to replace traditional steel structures. The pre-engineered components are created in accordance with design specifications and standards in a controlled environment, resulting in high quality, precision products that are later transported and assembled on-site .Pre-engineered buildings are used for long span structures because they are cost effective, give flexibility for future expansion, and require little maintenance. The pre-engineered building concept uses steel building systems that are predesigned and prefabricated. The PEB approach is based on giving the section only at the point where it is needed. According to the bending moment diagram; the sections may vary along the length. When planes are not in use, they are stored in the hangar. A hangar is a covered building used to park aircraft or spacecraft safely. Aircraft are maintained, repaired, manufactured, assembled, and stored in hangars on airfields to keep them safe from the weather and direct sunlight. Pre-engineered-structures are energy efficient, energy efficient and flexible in design. Cost of construction is less as compare to truss placed along width of span &this gives new method of truss placing in roofing system. Conventional steel-structure is 30% heavier than pre-Engineered-Structure and size of foundation is reduced.
The current research is being used in the design of an aircraft hangar at Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh. The structure will be a Pre-Engineered Building with a width of 60 meters, bays of 6 meters each, and an eave height of 24 meters. In this work, a PEB frame with a width of 60 meters is used, and the design is carried out with wind load as the critical load for the structure. The designs are made in accordance with Indian Standards and employ structural analysis and software design by STAAD PRO V8i.The complete structure configuration details are given below:
A. Type of Structure: Aircraft Hangar
B. Location: PRAYAGRAJ
C. Width: 60m (Clear span)
D. Eave height: 24 m
E. Ridge angle: PEB – 1 in 10
F. Bay spacing: PEB – 6m
The PEB structure's material has a yield strength of 350 Mpa, a density of 7850 kg/m3, and a Young's modulus (E) of 2.0 x 1011 N/m2.
IV. LOAD CALCULATION
A. Dead Load
Table.1. Structure Configuration
GI Sheet with unit weight of 5.6 kg/m2
Assuming purlin unit weight of 6.4 kg/m2
Total Dead load on plan area
5.6 + 6.4 = 12 kg/m2
Dead load on Rigid frame
Total dead load on plan area ×Bay Spacing = 0.12 kN/m2 × 6m = .72 kN/m
Side Cladding load same as dead load w.r.t different effective width.
B. Live Load
According to IS: 875 (Part 2) – 1987, for roof with no access provided, the live load can be taken as 0.75 kN/m2
Total Live load on plan area = 0.75 kN/m2
Live load on Rigid frame = Total Live load on plan area * Bay Spacing
= 0.75 kN/m2 * 6m
= 4.5 kN/m
C. Collateral Load
A particular kind of dead load called collateral or superimposed dead load comprises the weight of all objects except the permanent structure.
Total Collateral load on plan area = 0.05kN/m2
Collateral load on Rigid frame = Total collateral load on plan area * Bay spacing
= 0.05 kN/m2 * 6m
= 0.3 kN/m
D. Wind Load
Wind load is calculated as per IS: 875 (Part 3) – 2015.
Basic Wind speed (Vb) = 50 m/sec
Risk coefficient (k1) = 1
Terrain & Height factor for category 2 (k2) = 1.08
Topography factor (k3) = 1
Importance factor for cyclonic region (k4) = 1
Design wind speed, Vz = Vb * k1 * k2 * k3 * k4
= 50 * 1 * 1.08 * 1 * 1
= 54 m/s
Wind pressure, pz = 0.6 * Vz2
= 0.6 *542
= 1.75 kN/m2
Design wind pressure, pd = Kd * Ka * Kc* pz
Wind directionality factor (Kd) =0.9
Area averaging factor (Ka) = 0.8,
Combination factor (Kc) = 0.9,
Design wind pressure, pd = 0.9 * 0.8 * 0.9 * 1.75
= 1.13 kN/m2 or 1.225 kN/m(pd should not be less than 0.7pz)
STAAD PRO V8i is used to conduct the analysis. . IS 875 load combinations are analyzed, including dead, live, collateral, wind, earthquake, and crane loads.
Table 2 –Comparison between PEB (Fixed) VS PEB (Pinned)
Maximum Value of reaction at support (kN)
Maximum Value of moment at support (kNm)
Maximum Value of moment at beam rafter junction (kNm)
Maximum Value of Moment at Ridge of Rafter (kNm)
Steel Consumption (t)
Table 3 – Deflection Comparison PEB (Fixed) VS PEB (Pinned)
Allowable Deflection (mm)
Deflection values from STAAD (mm) PEB
A. For this 60 meter clear-span structure, the PEB with fixed support weighed 10.8% less than the PEB with pinned support. As a result, suitable support conditions can be chosen based on client needs and soil conditions to optimise steel take off.
B. The maximum value of reaction at support at pinned support is 106 KN more than fixed support.
C. The maximum value of moment at beam rafter junction at pinned support is 238 kN more than fixed support.
D. The Lateral Deflection in case of fixed support is 40% less than pinned support.
E. The Vertical deflection in case of fixed support is 11% less than pinned support.
F. The steel consumption in the case of pinned support is 53 tonnes less than for fixed support.
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 4.IS: 800 -2007:-General Construction In Steel -Code of Practice.
 5.IS: 875 (Part 1) -1987:-Code of Practice for Design Loads (Other Than Earthquake)for Buildings and Structures-Dead Loads.
 IS: 875 (Part 2) -1987:-Code of Practice for Design Loads (Other ThanEarthquake)for Buildings and Structures-Live Loads.
 IS: 875 (Part 3) -1987:-Code of Practice for Design Loads (Other Than Earthquake) for Buildings and Structures