Authors: Swapnil D Kurhekar, Abhijeet B Tamse
DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2023.49405
Certificate: View Certificate
As we know when engine goes to testing department before that we test it through semi-automatic setup which is installed on assembly line converyor to test the oil and fuel leakage of diesel engine.Now different trial were taken on engine by using methodology which includes ATEQ D520 unit and air pressure regulator for detecting the leakage quantity.Actually ATEQ D520 UNIT is a flowmeter which measure a drop in pressure with a differential sensor.Here we supplied pressurized air into the engine through breather plug and overflow pipe.If leakage not found engine will dispatched to testing department and if leakage is found the problem may solve by spraying soap water in leakage area so that in that area bubbles comes out .This work which emphasis on the analysis of problem due to which engine reject from testing department and also time and cost saving analysis for one month.Due to this setup improvement in PQCDSM,PPM and reduction in cost poor quality supplied to customers from 28% to 18% of cost per benefit,better customer satisfaction.
Leak detection is the process of finding leakages from oil/gas pipelines or from engines may create environmental hazards. Very small leakages may create a big problem. So, the System where leak may occur should possess following terms-Sensitivity-The system should detect minor leaks within a short period. Precision –The system should be able to locate leakages precisely. Robustness –The leak detection system should have active monitoring in unsteady or non- ideal conditions. Reliability –The system should not generate false alarms, even it is highly sensitive.
The aim of this experimental setup study is 100% leak detection in the system. Leakage may from Oil/gas pipelines, engine oil or fuel leakage to avoid explosions and environmental hazards and safety leak proof system is most important.
To compensate false alarms when there is no leak in the pipeline, to reduce the response time and Increase the accuracy of leakage location. The idea of Semi-Automatic setup used in such a way that the leakage in the engine is tested on assembly line conveyor before engine goes for testing in testing department. Due to this work, Productivity, Quality, Delivery, Safety and Moral of operator is increased. Reduced overall cost of engine considering rejection cost, Labor, transportation, Diesel, oil, Rework cost.
Many researchers work on this area of leakage testing and they found the computational methodology which permits to detect and locate leakage is based on the on-line analysis of signals originated from pressure, flow and temperature acquired by SCADA. Zhao yang, Mingliang Liu, Min ShaoIngjie Ji Computational method is used which permits to detect and locate leakage based on the online analysis of signals Acquired by SCADA. It is approximate method for leak detection (1).
Jasper Agbakwuru examines the advances in pipeline third party encroachment alert systems and leak control methods in oil/gas industry. Also highlights extent of spill/pollution issue in Niger Delta region due to intended /unintended damages & suggest possible method of control (2).
Agbakwuru Jasper Paper suggests that use of optical eye (3D camera) as main tool for managing the challenges in underwater pipeline repairs in unclear water conditions (3).
Agbakwuru Ahamefula, Jasper, Gudmestad Tobias Ove, Bilstad Torleiv invented the leak response with time when upstream & downstream valves are operated is taken internal diameter of pipeline considered holding and flowing characteristics are find out. This characteristic has been discussed with oil industry operations (4).
Ali Nasirian result has shown that novel method is used which is step by step elimination method which has capability of detecting leakage In terms of its location and quantity (5).
II. PROBLEM STATEMENT
Traditionally, Engine leakage testing was conducted by using pressure gauge, applying compressed air on the engine, chalk powder and use of ultraviolent lamp. So from this testing leakage may occur and it was not possible to get 100% leak detection.
The problem was Engineer will not able to test leakage easily due to overheating of engine joints in fuel line and oil leakage from the engine because these problems are not easily detectable. This method was not 100% leak detectable. So instead of dispatching engine to application department it was rejected from testing to assembly for rework on the leakage. Loss of time & cost of engine for rework reduces companies profit & productivity with no customer satisfaction.
The semi-automatic set up includes ATEQ D520 unit & air pressure regulator for finding out leakage quantity. The ATEQ D520 is a flow meter which measures a drop in pressure with a differential sensor (transducer).
IV. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP
The setup consists of ATEQ D520 sensor, Pressure regulator, Air and Fuel line connections for oil and fuel leakage testing. Pressurized air at 1 bar is supplied into the engine through Breather plug & overflow pipe. Supply of air will be 30 seconds stabilization time. If pressure doesn't drops (within 20 seconds) engine is ok and no leak found indicated by green light. If pressure gets dropped in fuel line, engine will get rejected that means engine is not ok & ATEQ D520 indicates Red light. So engine leakage testing is done by spraying soap water on that leak portion due to which bubbles May come out which will indicate leakage at that point.
V. PRINCIPLE OF A CYCLE
The ATEQ D520 is a flow meter which measures a drop in pressure with a differential sensor (transducer) which is placed at the extremities of a calibrated flow tube. When fluid (air) moves through a calibrated flow tube (laminar flow), a drop in pressure occurs, the value of which is proportional to flow.
VI. SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
Following are problems while detecting leakage
All these problems analysed and tried to improve company’s profit, productivity and 100% customers satisfaction with goods supplied to customers.
The Pareto chart shows that the no. of engines is rejected due to oil or fuel leakage & the Maximum rejection quantity is 30 engines from governor support O-ring & stop lever. Governor support stop lever leakage is supplier problem because stop lever portion has welded joint over it when it is connected to linkage setting lever for fuel supply. Other problem is of Governor Support O-ring which cuts while inserting governor support into the assembly fitment.
IX. TIME SAVING ANALYSIS
In 110 minutes 3 engines are tested but due to rejection of engine there is loss of time. Operator tests 12 engines daily on each test bed. If engine is rejected due to leakage there is loss of one engine. Operator will not consider this engine as rejected and we have to test again he will test the engine as a new. Instead of testing 13 engines he will test only his target engines so loss is there. Real cycle time for testing of engine in testing department is 40 minutes. But, due to leakage problem it becomes 110 Minutes.
We express our gratitude to DIEMS Aurangabad and Greaves cotton ltd. chikalthana, Aurangabad Company which has provided us lot of background information & literature for this study. We are grateful to Mr. Abhijeet Bulge Industry’s Head of the department, all managers & supervisors who helped us for making this work successful.
1) Improvements in PQCDSM, 100% leak detection in engines. Due to this The tendency of operator/Engineer to work is increased, Customer satisfaction increased, Cost saving due to in-house manufacturing Rs. 6.5 Lac, Reduction in rework cost by Rs. 21,000/ engine. 2) Cost saving of 23, 10, 000/- rupees in one month as per the engine rejection due to leakage from PPM of March 2016. Time saving upto110 Minutes which was waste for rework of engine. 3) Before the setup Parts per million was 16,217 and now it is 1351 after the setup. Rejection of engines reduced from 120 nos. to 10 nos. and thus ppm is calculated it clears that setup is more profitable. 4) The Fuel & Oil leakage testing improvement methodology project Setup shows that the performance of the company is increased to a better level as regards to enhancement in customers (both internal and external) satisfaction, adherence of delivery schedules, development of specific methods to redesign and reorganize a process with a view to reduce or eliminate errors, defects; development of more efficient, capable, reliable and consistent manufacturing process and more better overall process performance, creation of continuous improvement and “do it right the first time” mind set.
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Copyright © 2023 Swapnil D Kurhekar, Abhijeet B Tamse. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Paper Id : IJRASET49405
Publish Date : 2023-03-05
ISSN : 2321-9653
Publisher Name : IJRASET
DOI Link : Click Here