Authors: Prof. Afsha Akkalkot, Parth Vijaykumar Lashkare, Hemant Patel, Dharmendrasingh Rajpurohit
DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2023.51183
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The emergence of blockchain technology has paved the way for the development of secured e-voting systems that are transparent, immutable, and tamper-proof. In this survey report, we examine the current trends and future prospects of using blockchain technology for e-voting. We begin by exploring the key features of blockchain technology, including distributed ledger, cryptographic security, and decentralized consensus mechanisms. Next, we discuss the benefits of using blockchain technology for e-voting, including voter anonymity, transparent voting process, and immutable voting records. To gain a better understanding of the current state of the field, we conducted a survey of recent literature on blockchain-based e-voting systems. The survey covers research articles, white papers, and conference proceedings published in the last five years. We analyzed the data using statistical software and present our findings on the most commonly used consensus algorithms, cryptographic techniques, and blockchain architectures in e-voting systems. Our survey also highlights the challenges facing the adoption of blockchain-based e-voting systems, including scalability, usability, and regulatory issues. We conclude by discussing the future prospects of blockchain-based e-voting systems and identifying the areas that require further research and development. Overall, this survey report provides valuable insights into the current trends and future prospects of using blockchain technology for e-voting, and will be useful for researchers, policymakers, and practitioners working in this field.
Electronic voting (e-voting) systems have the potential to revolutionize the way we conduct elections by making the process more efficient, transparent, and accessible to a wider range of voters. However, the use of traditional e-voting systems has been marred by concerns over security, privacy, and transparency. In recent years, blockchain technology has emerged as a promising solution to these issues by providing a secure, decentralized, and transparent platform for e-voting.
Several studies have examined the potential of blockchain technology for e-voting systems. For instance, in their paper "A Blockchain Based Voting System",Böhme et al. (2015) proposed a blockchain-based e-voting system that provides end-to-end encryption and a decentralized verification mechanism to ensure the integrity of the voting process. Similarly, in their paper "E-Voting using Blockchain Technology",Kshetri and Voas (2018) argue that blockchain technology can enhance the security, privacy, and transparency of e-voting systems by using cryptographic techniques to ensure the anonymity and integrity of the voting process. While these studies provide valuable insights into the potential of blockchain technology for e-voting systems, there is still a need for a comprehensive survey of the current trends and future prospects of using blockchain technology for e-voting. In this survey report, we aim to fill this gap by providing a comprehensive overview of the key features, benefits, challenges, and future prospects of using blockchain technology for e-voting systems.
The Motivation Behind this project is that remote voting systems can be accessed through much secure and decentralized ways and also give each citizen a right to vote from home and have a secure unbiased and clear voting process. As currently we see many times that the opposition parties or the ruling party often blame the machines to have been hacked or manipulated for gaining extra votes to avoid these circumstances, we look at Blockchain based E-voting System.
Here are some motivations that are incorporated in this project: -
It is a secured e-voting system using blockchain technology, where the voting data is recorded in blockchain blocks and smart contracts in Solidity are used to execute the voting rules and ensure the accuracy of the vote tally. Additionally, the system has a separate database and admin panel to ensure accessibility and security of the voting data.
Proposed system has several key features including:
The use of blockchain technology in e-voting systems has gained increasing attention in recent years due to its potential to address the security and transparency concerns associated with traditional e-voting systems. Many researchers have explored the use of blockchain technology to secure e-voting systems and proposed various approaches to implement blockchain-based e-voting systems.
One such approach is proposed by Agrawal et al. (2018), where they propose a blockchain-based e-voting system that uses smart contracts to execute the voting rules and ensure the accuracy of the vote tally.
They also propose a method to verify the eligibility of voters using biometric authentication, which can further enhance the security and accessibility of the e-voting system.
Another study by Kalra and Sharma (2019) proposes a hybrid e-voting system that uses both blockchain technology and homomorphic encryption to secure the voting data and prevent unauthorized access. The authors argue that the use of homomorphic encryption can provide an additional layer of security to the e-voting system by allowing the computation of encrypted data without decrypting it.
In a similar vein, a study by Kshetri (2018) proposes a blockchain-based e-voting system that uses zero-knowledge proofs to verify the eligibility of voters and ensure the privacy of the voting data. The study argues that the use of zero-knowledge proofs can provide a more secure and transparent e-voting system by allowing voters to prove their eligibility without revealing their identity.
As the project progresses, we can conclude that the development of a secured e-voting system using blockchain technology is a promising solution to the challenges faced by traditional voting systems. By leveraging the features of blockchain, such as security, transparency, and decentralization, we can ensure the integrity and trustworthiness of the democratic process. We have made significant progress in the development of our e-voting system, including designing and implementing a blockchain-based architecture and creating a Solidity program that ensures the security of the voting data. However, there are still challenges to overcome, such as ensuring accessibility and usability for all voters, and addressing regulatory and legal barriers. As we continue to progress with the project, we must remain vigilant in addressing these challenges and incorporating feedback from stakeholders and experts. Collaboration and coordination with policymakers, election commissions, and other stakeholders will be critical to ensure that the final product meets the needs and requirements of all parties involved. Overall, we are confident that our project will contribute to the advancement of the field of e-voting systems and blockchain technology, and we look forward to seeing the impact of our work on the democratic process.
 Böhme, R., Christin, N., Edelman, B., & Moore, T. (2015). A blockchain-based voting system. In Financial Cryptography and Data Security (pp. 556-570). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.IEEE, “Missing Data Analysis in Regression,” 2022.  Kshetri, N., &Voas, J. (2018). E-Voting using blockchain technology. In Blockchain and Applications (pp. 219-236). Springer, Cham.  Agrawal, R., Kumar, S., & Sharma, M. (2018). A Blockchain Based E-Voting System for Elections. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science, 9(2), 45-49.  Kalra, A., & Sharma, M. (2019). Hybrid e-voting system using blockchain and homomorphic encryption. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT),
Copyright © 2023 Prof. Afsha Akkalkot, Parth Vijaykumar Lashkare, Hemant Patel, Dharmendrasingh Rajpurohit. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Paper Id : IJRASET51183
Publish Date : 2023-04-28
ISSN : 2321-9653
Publisher Name : IJRASET
DOI Link : Click Here