Authors: Pushpak Dande, Aaditya Newaskar, Dipak Mandale, Atharva Thakar, Prof. R. A. Patil
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American journalist Carl T. Rowan once said, \"The library is the temple of learning, and learning has liberated more people than all the wars in history.\" We believe this quote rings true to this day. Libraries have been a pillar of knowledge for as long as civilizations have existed. Yet, many libraries still struggle to operate efficiently as the librarians manually keep track of every item in the library, book issuing and retrieving, new book entries, cataloging, shelfing et cetera. Our proposed Library Management System aims to streamline and automate these library operations. The Library Management System will utilize RFID tags which will be attached to books, and RFID readers placed with the librarian. Furthermore, the LMS also provides a very simple and user-friendly software interface for all the library operations. All aspects of hardware and software are linked to ensure smooth operation on every front. The database is stored in a local MySQL server, ensuring data integrity and security. Our approach to the project was based on prioritising costeffectiveness and improved accuracy. This project aims to contribute to the modernisation of library operations and facilitate a seamless borrowing and returning process for library users.
In today's fast-paced digital age, libraries continue to play a crucial role as repositories of knowledge and sources of learning. However, many libraries still grapple with manual processes and outdated systems that hinder their efficiency and effectiveness. The manual tracking and management of library materials is a time-consuming task that places a significant burden on librarians. This limits their capacity to offer an optimal user experience and drains their resources. In many digitally advanced libraries, a barcode scanner is used to perform the library operations. We believe that barcode scanner is a receding technology that does not realize the full potential of the heights to which library technology can reach. So, we hypothesize that the RFID technology is much more efficient, faster, and more reliable than the barcode technology. To address these challenges and leverage better technology, we have developed a Library Management System (LMS) that uses RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology. The primary objective of this system is to streamline and automate various library processes, including book issuing, retrieving, cataloging, and inventory management. Our objective is to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of library operations, freeing up librarians' time to interact with patrons, improve services, and foster a lively learning environment within the library. Our proposed LMS harnesses the power of RFID technology to provide a comprehensive solution that simplifies the day-to-day tasks involved in managing a library, while enhancing accuracy and data integrity.
II. KEY FEATURES
The proposed Library Management System incorporates several key features designed to optimize library operations and enhance the user experience. Some of the notable features include:
III. HARDWARE ARCHITECTURE
The above block diagram depicts our hardware architecture. We have used an Arduino UNO as the primary microcontroller, interfaced it with MFRC-522 reader module in order to read MiFARE HF 13.56 MHz Passive RFID tags, a buzzer is added to system for generating audible alerts and in this manner this hardware system is connected to a computer. The system works in such a way that, RFID tags are read by the reader module and corresponding details to RFID ID are retrieved from a database stored on the computer.
IV. SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE
Our proposed system, Library Management System (LMS) has the above architecture. We have incorporated RFID Technology in our project and integrated the hardware with user-friendly application software, which allows secure log-in, and uses Docker to containerize MySQL database. Our aim is to simplify various library operations such as book addition, updating, and scanning by using our proposed Library Management System.
The flow involves selecting one of the options (Add Book, Update Book, or Scan Book), performing the necessary actions based on the chosen option, and updating the LMS Database accordingly. The system utilizes RFID scanning, data entry, and database operations to manage book records, status updates, and book transactions.
In conclusion, the proposed Library Management System offers a technologically advanced and comprehensive solution for efficient management of library resources. Further, based on our initial hypothesis that RFID exceeds the barcode scanner in terms of advantages, we can firmly conclude that the hypothesis has proven to be correct. It is much more efficient and faster as it can perform simultaneous scannings at once, unlike barcode which can only perform one reading. RFID also does not require a direct line of sight, thereby creating a more accurate and reliable system. Since Tags can be placed inside the books, they are less prone to damage and theft. Also, they can be used as an anti-theft system to prevent book theft. RFID also provides a better automation and user experience than barcode scanner. By integrating RFID technology, user-friendly software developed using Python and Arduino IDE, and a secure database powered by MySQL, containerized using the Docker, the system streamlines various library operations. As explained in the paper, our system demonstrates the seamless interaction between hardware components such as the RFID reader and microcontroller, and software functionalities implemented through modules like MFRC522, Tkinter, and MySQL Connector. The system enables librarians to easily add and update books using RFID scanning, retrieve book information from the database, and facilitate book transactions with accurate status tracking. The use of Docker for containerization ensures portability and simplified management of the system. Overall, the proposed system harnesses the power of technology to enhance resource management, streamline processes, and provide an enhanced user experience for librarians and library members.
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Copyright © 2023 Pushpak Dande, Aaditya Newaskar, Dipak Mandale, Atharva Thakar, Prof. R. A. Patil. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.