Authors: Nitin Kawde, Nilesh Bodne, Kiran Kimmatkar
Certificate: View Certificate
Renewable energy resources such as both energies are becoming advantageous compared to the non-renewable sources of electricity production. Hybrid system for environmental friendly, efficiently and widely available in India. However, the hybrid power system that mainly depends on the intermittent non-conventional energy sources will generate a fluctuating voltage that leads to affect the machines that operate on a constant supply. The combination of this solar and wind energy helps to glow the lamp throughout a year without isolating the generation of electricity in the absence of sun rays.
A. Global Energy Scenario
Energy, a word everybody is well acquainted with, mathematically means power consumption in a certain span of time. From the first hour of the day till the last hour the daily needs of a man start consuming energy in one form or the other. Nowadays people can’t even imagine their lives without energy. A man without a major body part is called to be handicapped; likewise a world without energy is like a crippled world.
Mankind is getting developed year by year and the total population of the world is also increasing as years are passing. As a result, the total energy requirement is also increasing rapidly to keep pace with the rapid modernization of mankind and with the rapid increase in population. According to a survey the primary energy demand is increasing by 1.5% per year and by 2030 the total energy demand will be 16,800Mtoe, with an overall increase of 40% .According to BP Statistical Review of World Energy, world energy consumption got increased by 2.5% in 2011, less than 5.1% in 2010 but well in coordination with the historical average till date.
II. LITERATURE SURVEY
Highly Efficient Tracking Solar Cells for White LED-Based Lighting System : The erawut Jinayimetal. (2007) proposed this system use the dc power generated by fixed solar cells module to energize White LED light sources that are operated by directly connected White LED with current limitation resistor. This paper presents the use of LED as a lighting application powered by tracking solar cells plate and using pulse to apply the electrical power to the LED. A Simplified Life Cycle Assessment applied to Solar and Eolic street light:-
The Scientist P. D. Daidone, L.E. Ascani proposed in this paper about Wind and solar-powered light post as per the United States Design Patent USD626686S in Nov. 2, 2010.This methodology is described and applied to the study of a new type of street light using exclusively wind and solar energy and it is more efficient than the simple solar street lamp. The first approach used in this study does not ‘disqualify’ the SOLEOL concept, which keeps serious advantages, as far as it has been compared with a ‘conventional’ street light . This study shows that a street light using ‘green energy’ could in fact have a seviour impact on the environment than conventional street ligh.
Automatic Aerodynamic Design of a Wind Turbine through Evolutionary Technique : Bhagwan Deen Verma(2020) It is evident from the above study the use of solar trackers will certainly increase the efficiency of SPV systems but proper care is required while installing solar trackers with these systems. Problems such as failure of solar tracker also need equal attention while installing them. Whether to install active or passive solar trackers is also a question which needs to be explored further. This study also tried to analyze all the important factors which are required for the optimization of solar trackers.
A Novel Low Cost Automatic Solar Tracking System : A/C to Carlos Andrés Giraldo-Castañeda and Lionel R. Orama- Exclusa, “Selective Hopping Solar Tracking Method for PV solar panel systems”, IEEE International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies, ICSET- 2008, 24th -27th November 2008, pp-459 -463.
In this paper, the hardware of a low cost automatic solar energy trapping system has been designed and successfully implemented. The designed that system which ensures 25 to 30% of more energy conversion than the existing static solar module system.
Lighting Systems Energy Efficiency based on Different Human Visual Conditions:- J. Fraytag, M. F. da Silva, N. B. Chagas, R. N. do Prado, IEEE Member and M. A. Dalla Costa, IEEE Member. In this paper they focused on various artificial lighting sources that are currently marketed can be compared to each other using various criteria such as price, lifetime, and colour rendering index. However, a very important criterion is the luminous efficiency (lumens/Watt), or how much light is emitted per electrical power unit, the latter being directly related to energy efficiency improvements. As a result, it is concluded that using lamps with the adequate light spectrum, light levels can be reduced without visual performance compromising. This implies a considerable lighting systems total power used reduction, without any change in relation to human eye. In the examiner, street lighting study case, one can conclude that the power variation required to maintain the same luminous flux, is considerably high in the different visual conditions.
III. INTRODUCTION TO WORK-STUDY
Work-study is the look over, through a compatible system of the work done in a company to attain the best application of assets. In this project, PV system is combining with wind turbine system to form a renewable energy hybrid system. Since the output of these renewable energy is greatly depends on climatic conditions such as solar irradiance, wind speed, temperature and etc.
B. Importance of Work Study in Industries
In industries, work-study is considered as equipment of improving productivity by way of:
C. Need for Work-Study
a. It is a direct means of improving the system's productivity involving very little or no cost.
b. No factor affecting the efficiency of operation is overlooked in this approach.
c. It provides the most accurate means of setting standards of performance which are helpful in the process of production planning and control.
d. Application of work-study result in immediate savings.
e. It is a universal tool for management
f. It is the most competent tool of investigation available to the management of the industrial unit.
A. Data Collection
The data gathering is done by recording a video multiple time because we have to do the time study for the existing process and then for the calculation of standard time estimation same method is used for the improved process and its calculation of standard time
B. Flow Process Chart and Sample Process Chart
Analysis of Data
V. MODELING AND ANALYSIS
VI. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
In this thesis, what is effect of position of sun, radiation on panel can be discussed in this chapter. Also the formulae required for the calculation of power generation by wind turbine is specified and calculation of output power by turbine is also calculated here.
VII. FUTURE SCOPE
With the implementation of proposed system it conclude that the additional energy generated is around 25-30% with very less consumption by the Solar PV system itself. This model is also useful when sun radiation are unavailable with the use of wind turbine.Hybrid street lamp using LED has better efficiency and luminous with good performance compare to conventional High Pressure Sodium vapour lamp and has proven it is eco-friendly and very economical. Power supply reliability under varying weather condition and the corresponding system cost are the two major concern in designing solar and wind power generation system. In order to utilize renewable energy resources of solar and wind energy both efficiently and economically minimize selecting appropriate system configuration, but also finding size components like wind turbine height , slope angle as given limitation, the investigation result demonstrate the feasibility of the system design carried out by the optimal sizing method presented in this thesis.
 Bhagwan Deen Verma“ A Review Paper on Solar Tracking System for Photovoltaic Power Plant”International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT) ISSN: 2278-0181 Vol. 9 Issue 02, February-2020  Emmanuel Karabo Mpodi*, Zeundjua Tjiparuro, Oduetse Matsebe “Review of dual axis solar tracking and development of its functional model” 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Materials Processing and Manufacturing (SMPM 2019)  Patel C.R., Patel V.K., Prabhu S.V., Eldho T.I. “Investigation of Overlap Ratio for Savonius Type Vertical Axis Hydro Turbine” International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering (IJSCE) ISSN: 2231-2307, Volume-3, Issue-2, May 2013.  J.-L. Menet1 “A Simplified Life Cycle Assessment applied to a coupled Solar and Eolic street light”Santiago de Compostela (Spain), 30th March, 2012.  The Scientist P. D. Daidone, L.E. Ascani proposed in this paper about Wind and solar-powered light post as per the United States Design Patent USD626686S in Nov. 2, 2010.  Pragya Nema, R. K. Nema and Saroj Rangnekar, A current and future state of art development of hybrid energy system using wind and PV-solar: A review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2009;13(8):2096-2103.  Lagorse Jeremy, Simoes Marcelo G., Miraoui Abdellatif, Costerg Philippe, Energy cost analysis of a solar-hydrogen hybrid energy system for stand-alone applications, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2008;33(12):2871-2879.  Theerawut Jinayim, Somchai Arunrun grasmi, Tanes Tanitteerapan, and NarongMungkung , “Highly Efficient Low Power Consumption Tracking Solar Cells for White LED-Based Lighting System,”World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 4 2007.
Copyright © 2022 Nitin Kawde, Nilesh Bodne, Kiran Kimmatkar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.