Authors: Ajinkya Vanave, Atharva Upale, Shreyas Veerkar, Mayur Rathod, Prof. Balasaheb Gite
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The development of data society and the improvement of people needs has made E-ticket an inevitable trend, making it a typical stage for online ticketing. The development in technology has expanded the skylines of the advanced world. This development has reduced the need for real money and popularized the use of virtual money. E-ticketing is one of the most well-known types of online exchanging. Utilizing Android Phones customers can reduce their trouble of remaining in the queue and booking the tickets. The downside of hanging tight for the ticket was reduced with the invention of the savvy cards, however, the user needed to remember to convey the card with him. Additionally, the disadvantage of savvy cards was that it could get misplaced or stolen. With the advent of E-Ticketing, the customer just needed to convey an SMS or a printout of the ticket which the customer had booked online. In any case, that required PCs or desktop for booking. Therefore came into the front the use of advanced mobile phone application where conveying a PDA will do practically everything. Likewise, our Android application provides a bus area with advance google map which demonstrates the area of the bus. Keywords: QR Code, Bus Ticket, GPS, Live Tracking.
The areas of use of the E-ticketing system has increased due to the development of internet technology. E-ticketing is being deployed at an international level. It makes use of modern data technology to achieve the whole process of paperless electronic ticketing, charging, and check-in procedures. The different areas where the e-ticketing system can be deployed are the travel industry, cinema, conference, large-scale venues with noteworthy traffic. The customary paper tickets were unable to meet the demand of the modern world in this manner giving scope for the development of the E-ticketing system. E-ticket has following advantages:
II. LITERATURE REVIEW
Public Transport system (PTS) remains the major source of income in most of the developing countries like India. However, PTS now faces severe malfunctions and various security problems. First, there is a lot of confusion between the passengers regarding fares which lead to quarrels and chaos. The bus ticketing system is expected to be fully automated, reliable, transparent and convenient. GPS is more popular technology which is used in many applications. This existing system gives information about vehicle position and route travelled by vehicle and this information can be monitor from any remote place or location. This system depends on GPS and GSM technology. This system lags in some features like its track vehicle only on PC not on mobile. And also there is no application depending on mobile device to track and get a real time and current view of target or vehicle.
Kidwell presented an algorithm for predicting bus arrival times based on real-time vehicle location. The algorithm worked by dividing each route into zones and recording the time that each bus passed through each zone. Predictions were based on the most recent observation of a bus passing through each zone. However, this algorithm was not suitable for large cities where both travel time and dwell time could be subject to large variations..
The above stated existing system is based on the ticketing identifications in the public transports for bus passengers. There are many passengers having more confusion about fares and which leads to corruption. System will provide automatically fare collection of passengers according to travelled distance. This system uses RFID and GPS for transactions and it make travelling is very precise. This system has some shortcomings as like system provide only automated ticketing facilities not provision for tracking the bus. And also there is no provision for crowd (density) measurement. This system has not any kind of user application for passengers to track the bus and view the schedule of buses.
The methodology and the results from its application to bus service data from Porto. The data relate to an AFC system integrated with an automatic vehicle location system that records a transaction for each passenger boarding a bus, containing attributes regarding the route, the vehicle, and the travel card used, along with the time and the location where the journey began.
Tracking systems are rarely available in the market and available systems are not good and effective systems are costly. The above stated system is much economical than other system are currently available now in the market. This suggested system helps to getting information and location of college bus by using mobile or smart phone. But we got some lagging points in this system; there is only provision for tracking this tracking is based only on SMS. There is no real time view of location for bus and also there is no any application based on mobile for Tracking.
F.Araujo et al discussed the challenge of creating an electronic ticketing system for transportation systems that can partially or completely run on the cloud. This challenge is defined within the scope of an industrial project. The resulting system should be able to reach a large spectrum of customers and should provide two key advantages: lower operational costs, especially for small clients without IT departments, and faster execution of queries for monthly or other sorts of analysis, using the elasticity of cloud-based resources. To fulfill the goals of the project, a system was proposed with very standard technologies and procedures: a three-tiered architecture; a separation of the online and analysis databases; and an Enterprise Service Bus to get the input from very diverse hardware and software stacks. In this paper several options regarding the location of these facilities on the cloud was discussed and evaluate the costs involved was evaluated.
K.Seibenhandl et al described Self-service ticket vending machines (TVMs) have become an increasingly important distribution channel in the public transport sector, progressively replacing the traditional ticket counter. In a public transport setting, where ticket counter closures have left different groups of people dependent on TVM to meet their mobility needs, a single, effective system is required. A prototype for a novel generation of TVM was developed in three phases: First, the context of use was analyzed. In the second phase, a requirements analysis was conducted. Third, different hardware and software interaction designs were iteratively tested and evaluated. The resulting prototype met the - Requirements of most user groups, though further adjustments are necessary. Conclusions: The UCD approach proved to be a valuable framework for the development and design of self-service system.
A Nunes et al described a methodology for estimating the destination of passenger journeys from automated fare collection (AFC) system data. It proposes new spatial validation features to increase the accuracy of destination inference results and to verify key assumptions present in previous origin-destination estimation literature. The methodology applies to entry only system configurations combined with distance-based fare structures, and it aims to enhance raw AFC system data with the destination of individual journeys.
Lin and Zeng proposed a set of bus arrival time prediction algorithms for a transit traveler information system implemented in Blacksburg, Virginia. Four algorithms were introduced with different assumptions on input data and were shown to outperform several algorithms from the literature. Their algorithms, however, did not consider the effect of traffic congestion and dwell time at bus stations  The above mentioned paper includes the integrated use of the smart cards with GPS system. In today’s world smart cards became mostly used things which contains the user’s data and GPS used in many areas like tracking and monitoring or surveillance which is used in this system for finding the actual distance travelled by that passenger.
A. E - Ticketing Principles
Numerous imaginative frameworks went for paying open transport charges have been produced. One of these is an installment over compact gadgets and in particular the best and helpful is an installment over cell phones. The capability of eticketing through versatile gadgets (as indicated by reviews, approx. 90 percent of travelers carry mobile phones).
B. Example Of Public Transport
In this area, we outline how the framework has been connected to people in general transport setting. Particularly we disclose how to actualize two sorts of electronic tickets. Ticket of settled ventures: It comprises of a limited number of excursions with flight point and entry point that can not differ. Each time the customer utilizes this ticket, one outing decremented. Transport electronic cash: It comprises of a measure of cash that can be spent to pay a self-assertive excursion.
The utilization of the electronic tickets takes after these means:
The login information of the admin is checked and verified with the user database. Then the admin proceeds to generate the tickets and moves to the ticket printing screen. It checks the validity of the ticket by checking it along with the ticket database. If not then it will show the invalid message but if valid then it will update the database i.e mark the ticked as checked to avoid fraudulent use of the tickets.
III. MODULE SPECIFICATION
There is an increase usage of open transport, as everything should be possible independently. People need not hang tight for quite a while without knowing when he bus would come, rather they can enter the destination and check for the available busses for their route. Alongside the accessibility the include of passengers traveling in the bus will likewise be displayed which can be used by the passenger to analyze the group in the bus and take the bus as needs be. In case of inaccessibility of the bus the traveller can choose another means of transport instead of sitting tight for quite a while. Likewise by examining the group in each bus between specific hours, in case if the group in the bus exceeds the number of passengers who can be seated in a bus, then it means some other arrangement must be made at that specific hour from that source to destination, which can be solved by the vehicle department.
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Copyright © 2023 Ajinkya Vanave, Atharva Upale, Shreyas Veerkar, Mayur Rathod, Prof. Balasaheb Gite. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.