Authors: Jitendra Choubisa
DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2023.49234
Certificate: View Certificate
Creating a world class infrastructure that stands aesthetic and performs well structurally is not that easy. As an engineer one must have to keep in mind the applications and structural needs of a building. Talking of structures, RCC structures are quite common to work out with and on the other hand steel structures gives good weight per unit length. Steel structures are also easy to construct and helps in reducing project time. In this paper we have discussed about how structurally a model behaves in regards to its comparison among two computer simulating software viz., etabs and staad pro. Staad pro is there for long in the field of simulation and etabs is easy to workout with the interactive design and functions. We have compared here mainly three types of structures made entirely of steel sections. A Howe roof truss, a Howe bridge truss and a transmission tower. All of them were modeled in both etabs and staad pro and the results were matched. Both the software showed quite same base reaction, bending moment and shear forces. But Etabs shows slightly less bending moment, shear forces & Base reaction with more precision in the respective members as compared to StaadPro. And on the other hand etabs also shows which members is stressed or utilized fully upto its strength, by which one can use an optimized way of designing a structures.
Infrastructural development helps in increasing and maintaining the economy of a country and structures constructed for transportation, tele communication comes in this category. To speed up the design process and to get design results quick, we take help of software’s such as etabs and staad pro. Here in this research work several steel structures are drawn, analysed and designed. The results were then compared for both etabs and staad pro.  All the designing were done keeping in mind the Indian standard steel code IS 800:2007 . The loading considered here is only DEAD loads, because mobile towers and members like truss in our case occasionally acted upon by Live loads. As in etabs a dead load multiplier is added in start to consider the dead loads of structures and in staad pro we have added the self-weight i.e., dead load in the load settings. The geometry of structure are kept simplest  as we are doing a comparison between two platforms. The geometry is kept same in both the software. The geometries was selected by keeping in mind that the structures are widely used in industries and also stress distribution is simplest in this kind of structures.
II. LITERATURE REVIEW
A. About the Software
Both the software are structural analysis and designing software but we need to find out which software is more user friendly and works efficiently.
STAAD was bought by Bentley whereas ETABS was bought by CSI. ETABS offers 3D object-based modelling with great visualization tools and an economic design capabilities for several types of structures.
It does have linear and nonlinear analysis engines, and it can display graphs and tables with reports and schematic drawings very nicely and easily .
With the help of this one can easily understand the design and analysis results. STAAD can use various methods of analysis like static analysis and also more advanced analysis methods like p-Δ analysis, non-linear analysis, Pushover analysis and many more. StaadPro can also use dynamic analysis method for analysing the building against seismic attack by using time history or response spectrum method. 
STAAD & ETABS both follows LSD (limit state design) . Limit State is a restricted state for a structure beyond which the material cannot sustain the strain. In order to use LSD, a structure must have to pass two criteria’s that is one for the ultimate design and one for the serviceability criteria.
B. Codes Used
IS 800: 2007  is code of practice for general construction in steel and the provision of code is generally applicable on all the types of bolted and revit connections, it also uses steel sections of wide variety. This code provides a firm base for the design procedure and for actual loads consideration IS875: 1964 is used.
III. ANALYSIS RESULT
We analysed all the three structure in etabs and staad pro respectively, we are here placing some tables of bending moment, base reactions, shear forces of a test member..
V. FUTURE WORK
This study was done by only considering dead loads, one can take this research a bit more forward by giving wind loads and live loads. One can also use seismic loads and can see the drift of topmost members so that one can check which software give less displacements and can help in having optimum designing. Steel structure are used widely in industrial purposes and reducing its cost by the use of a robust software can bring a lot of relaxation in cost. One can also use different types of seismic analysis method to study the behaviour of this structures in both the software.
As we can see both the software’s are showing almost same results but etabs is leading in giving more precise results than staad pro and base reactions are also being reported less by etabs. One can use this thing in design of foundation to have a less reinforcement used in foundation. When we talk about complex projects, in which there are various number of foundations, a reduction of even 0.1 % in steel reflects a lot more in overall cost, so in this sense we can say etabs provide an economical solution for steel structures. Apart from this Staad has introduced its new UI with the name of Connect design version. It has a very good UI and I think it’ll give a tough competition to etabs in regards of User interface. The only thing now staad have to improve in order to tackle etabs in structural market is its report preparations. The bright, colourful graphs in etabs catch the attention of anybody. Also staad can provide some basic tutorials for staad like CSI Etabs do on their website and YouTube channel too. One thing I like to mention here is that every year Bentley organizes a competition knows as Bentley Design Competition with which students from India and all over the places can take part and can come with their own unique design. On the other hand CSI Etabs is not currently anything like this. Both of the software comes with a lot of other software in package like Staad comes with staad foundation, ram connection designs, RCDC and many more. Same as Staad, Etabs also have SAFE for foundation and slab designs, SAP for more accurate structural analysis and CSI Col especially for design and analysis of columns. A great need of features regarding the pretension and pre-stress is needed in structural software. Right now SAFE from CSI can provide some design regarding pre-tensioning and post tensioning of slabs on the other hand Staad also has some features regarding this but it needs improvements. At last we can conclude from this study that indeed Etabs gave less base reactions but on the whole both software’s work almost same, so it depends on person to person that which software they go for, the old man STAAD or the new player Etabs.
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Copyright © 2023 Jitendra Choubisa. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Authors : Jitendra Choubisa
Paper Id : IJRASET49234
Publish Date : 2023-02-24
ISSN : 2321-9653
Publisher Name : IJRASET
DOI Link : Click Here