Authors: Mr. K. Praveen Kumar, K. Sai Pranav, D Gowtham, S. Abhishek
Certificate: View Certificate
Towards automation to do mundane tasks and the expectations for students already equipped with good programming skills is on the rise. In parallel, there has been a rising number of students who find it difficult to attain the skills necessary in order to get the dream IT job they desire. The aim of this project is to bridge the gap between the employer and the future employee of the company by the use of SPAS at college level. Student performance analysis system (SPAS) is an online web application system which enables students to know prior hand if their level of skills for the placement is enough to get placed or not, given the necessary inputs. SPAS has an intelligent learning algorithm which utilises a rich database, analyses the records of previous students\' traits and develops a model for further prediction. The performance evaluation of students by SPAS is by the cumulative predictor algorithm involving generation of several random forest trees on the available data. SPAS learns and creates its model reaching higher accuracy with increasing data availability.
Educational data mining (EDM) is an emerging discipline, concerned with developing methods for exploring the unique types of data that come from educational settings, and using those methods to better understand students, and the settings which they learn in. There are several data regarding the students which stay unused with untapped potential of data mining which could revolution is the field of education. Since the ultimate aim of an educational institution is to create a pool of skilled professionals to take on the society to a next upgraded level, they need to create an environment for their students to grow in every vertical by giving them right exposure and training. Most of the educational institutions, maintain huge databases of students and the information keeps on increasing with time, but there is no action taken to gain knowledge from it. DM has the suitable techniques in mining the data to discover new information and knowledge about students. DM provides various methods for analysis which include classification, clustering, and association rules. Classification, one of the prediction algorithms, classifies the data (constructs a pattern) based on the training set and uses the pattern to classify a new data (testing set). In this paper, we consider the students’ academic performance (SAP) system in University Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia as our existing system. IHL faces a major challenge in order to improve and manage the organization to be more efficient in managing students’ activities. To achieve this target, DM is considered as the one of most suitable technique in giving additional insights to the IHL community to help them make better decisions in educational activities. The IHL make use of WEKA tool in order to build a model and predict the SAP in order for the professors to provide the students with individual attention. In SAP system, the classification method is selected to be applied on the students’ data.
II. LITERATURE SURVEY
A. Model prediction of academic performance for first year students
Authors: García, E.P.I. and Mora, P.M.
The aim of this paper was to obtain a model to predict new students' academic performance taking into account socio-demographic and academic variables. The sample contained records of first semester students at a School of Engineering from a range of students' generations. The data was divided into three groups: students who passed none or up to two courses (low), students who passed three or four courses (middle), and students who passed all five courses (high). By using data mining techniques, the Naïve Bayes classifier and the Rapid miner software, we obtained a model of almost 60% accuracy. This model was applied to predict the academic performance of the following generation. After checking the results of the predictions, 50% were classified as correct. However, we observed that, for students of certain engineering majors of high and low groups, the model's accuracy was higher than 70%.
B. Predicting Student Performance by Using Data Mining Methods for Classification
Authors: Kabakchieva, D.
Data mining methods are often implemented at advanced universities today for analyzing available data and extracting information and knowledge to support decision-making. This paper presents the initial results from a data mining research project implemented at a Bulgarian university, aimed at revealing the high potential of data mining applications for university management. Scope- based
This system can be very easily implemented and utilized by any educational institution. It can be used by faculties and students who do not have any knowledge on data mining techniques. Although there are so many benchmarks comparing the performance and accuracy of different classification algorithms, there are still very few experiments carried out on educational datasets. In this work, we compare the performance and the interpretation levels of the output of different classification techniques applied on educational datasets and finally develop a much more efficient algorithm called the cumulative predictor algorithm..
A country's growth is strongly measured by quality of its education system. Education sector, across the globe has witnessed sea change in its functioning. Today it is recognized as an industry and like any other industry it is facing challenges, the major challenges of higher education being decrease in students' success rate and their leaving a course without completion. An early prediction of students' failure may help the management provide timely counseling as well coaching to increase success rate and student retention..
IV. EXISTING SYSTEM
The data were collected from eight year period intakes from July 2006/2007 until July 2013/2014 that contains the students’ demographics, previous academic records, and family background information. DT, NB, and RB classification techniques are applied to the students’ data in order to produce the best SAP prediction model. The experiment result shows the RB is a best model among the other techniques by receiving the highest accuracy value of 71.3%. The extracted knowledge from prediction model will be used to identify and profile the student to determine the students’ level of success in the first semester. This project acts as the basis of SPAS and gives a clear idea regarding the parameters involved in predicting students’ performance.
V. PROPOSED SYSTEM
The aim of this project is to bridge the gap between the employer and the future employee of the company by the use of SPAS at college level. Student performance analysis system (SPAS) is an online web application system which enables students to know prior hand if their level of skills for the placement is enough to get placed or not, given the necessary inputs. SPAS has an intelligent learning algorithm which utilises a rich database, analyses the records of previous students' traits and develops a model for further prediction.
The architecture provides the entire process flow of the system.
A. Algorithms Used
Testing is a process of executing a program with the aim off inding error. To make our software perform well it should be error free. If testing is done successfully it will remove all the errors from the software.
In above screen click on ‘Upload Student Dataset’ button to upload dataset
In above screen dataset loaded and we can see dataset contains some missing values ‘NAN’ and non-numeric values and machine learning algorithms won’t accept non-numeric values so we need to preprocess dataset by clicking on ‘Preprocess Dataset’ button
In above screen we can see dataset converted to numeric format and we can see dataset contains total 1013 records and now dataset is ready and now click on ‘Run Naïve Bayes Algorithm’ button to train Naïve Bayes with above dataset
In above screen with Naïve Bayes we got 39% accuracy and now click on ‘Run Decision Tree Algorithm’ button to train above dataset with decision tree
In above screen with decision tree we got 74% accuracy and now click on ‘Run Cumulative Predictor Algorithm’ button to train CP with above dataset
In above with CP we got 78% accuracy and now click on ‘Comparison Graph’ button to get below graph
In above graph x-axis represents algorithm name and y-axis represents accuracy and error rate and in above algorithm we can see CP got high accuracy with less error rate. Now click on ‘Predict Performance from Test Data’ button to upload test dataset and to get prediction result
In above screen selecting and uploading ‘testData.csv’ file and then click on ‘Open’ button to get below prediction result
In above screen inside square bracket we can see student performance data and after square bracket we can see the prediction result from CP algorithm.
We express our sincere gratitude to our guide, Assistant Professor Mr. K. Praveen Kumar for suggestion and support during every stage of this work. We also convey our deep sense of gratitude to Professor Dr. K. S. Reddy, Head of Information Technology department.
 Ahmad, F., Ismail, N.H. and Aziz, A.A. (2015)’The prediction of students’ academic performance using classification data mining techniques’, Applied Mathematical Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 129, pp.6415–6426, HIKARI Ltd.  García, E.P.I. and Mora, P.M. (2011) ‘Model prediction of academic performance for first year students’, Proceedings of 10th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp.169–174.  Jain, R. and Minz, S. (2008) ‘Drawing conclusion from forest cover type datathe hybridized rough set model’, Journal of the Indian Society of Agricultural Statistics, Vol. 62, No. 1, pp.75–84.  Kabakchieva, D. (2013) ‘Predicting student performance by using data mining methods for  classification’, Cybernetics and Information Technologies, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp.61–72 [online]  http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/cait-2013- 0006 (accessed 16 December 2016).  Mishra, T., Kumar, D. and Gupta, S. (2014) ‘Mining students’ data for performance prediction’, Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Technologies, pp.255– 262.  Oladokun, V.O., Adebanjo, A.T. and Charles-Owaba, O.E. (2008) ‘Predicting students’ academic performance using artificial neural network: A case study of an engineering course’, The Pacific Journal of Science and Technology, Vol.  No. 1, pp.72–79. 9. Patel, P.S. (2015) ‘Various data mining techniques used to study student’s academic performance’, International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Applications, June, Vol. 3, No. 6, pp.55– 58.  Patidar, P., Dangra, J. and Rawar, M.K. (2015) ‘Decision tree C4.5 algorithm and its enhanced approach for educational data mining’, Engineering Universe for Scientific Research and Management
Copyright © 2022 Mr. K. Praveen Kumar, K. Sai Pranav, D Gowtham, S. Abhishek . This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.