Authors: Sharath Kumar C R
Certificate: View Certificate
Smart way of learning has to be the key to academic success for learners. This “Smart way” can be developed into strategies by studying the study habits and attitude of the student towards learning. Studying the study habits and attitude of students is of optimum importance to teachers, learners and caregivers, so as to promote and aid in the learning process of the students. Rote learning has been encouraged over time but there is a need of change in strategy of studying to meet the needs of the current competitive world. The main aim of this study is to determine the extent of study habitual patterns and a learner’s attitude studying in general as a single variable holistically. There was no significant difference found in the study habits of SBSE and ICSE secondary school students as well as any difference in the two genders study patterns. On an average it was found that the majority of the students in both the education systems had a poor study habit. This paper attempts at giving plausible solutions to improve the students study habits and attitudes. Here the researcher has used survey method and Test of Study Habits and Attitudes tool prepared and standardized by Dr. C.P. Mathur to collect data.
Education is the basic birth right of every individual. To be educated through formal education has become very easily accessible to the common man. The Indian education system dates back to the Vedic periods where it was restricted to a collective group of the community and women rarely received the necessary education. Which was unfair but man has grown from that point and today education is the fundamental right of every citizen of the country. The Right to Education Act of 2009 carries the essence that - every child has an access to free and compulsory basic education from the age of 6 to 14 years. This in itself carries the message brought out by the Basic Education or Nai Talim of the Father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi. Again in the current situation the same is being resembled in the NEP 2020.
The minimal education to be attained by an individual has always been profoundly highlighted by many educationists throughout history. Secondary schools form the major portion of this minimal education to be received. Each student must cross this educational milestone and then move forward to their subject of choice. Hence secondary school education creates the basic foundation for the future professionals in various fields. Subjects taught in this level have a significant impact on what students choose as their future subject of choice.
According to Jato (2014) Study habit is an action such as reading, taking notes, holding study groups which the students perform regularly and habitually in order to accomplish the task of learning. Study habits can be described as effective or ineffective depending upon whether or not they serve the students well. The basis for the development of a good study habit is influenced by a lot of external factors (home environment and school environment) and internal factors (attitude towards education, attitude towards teachers, mental conflicts, concentration, self-confidence etc.)of a learner.
Attitude is a term borrowed from psychology. An “attitude” is a hypothetical construct that represents the degree to which an individual likes or dislikes something. Everything, i.e., any person, place, thing, or event, can be the object of an attitude. People can be in conflict with or ambivalent toward an object if they simultaneously possess positive and negative attitudes toward it.
Even though study habits and attitude seem as vague concepts they can be studied together to form a connection and pattern within them to help students build efficiently. It is necessary to understand that the word Study is not synonymous to learning, rather, learning is something achieved through studying. Studying is how much time one contributes to acquire necessary information.
The theme of the study to be conducted revolves around providing a plausible and working way of study habit and solution to teachers on how to improve a student’s attitude towards any subject. And also study the same on how it differs between boys and girls and also in urban and rural areas. The study might present itself to be a mini guide for teachers.
II. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
There are all kinds of students in a classroom scenario. Students who do not even need a teacher to study are also present as well as students who need consistent guidance from the teacher as well. Teachers must be aware of the student attitude towards them and the subject being taught by them. The main work of the teacher has to be to facilitate the students' educational needs. This includes their likeness towards a subject and understanding if they do not like any subject and why they don't like it.
Study habits are a combination of two words ‘Study’ and ‘Habits’. When taking it separately, study means, ‘Application of the mind to the acquirement of knowledge’ (M Agarwal & Dr. A K Teotia 2015). Study habits and attitude majorly impact the academic attainment of students, especially at the secondary education level. Hence a study of it is very much necessary as the main focus is on academic achievement. There is a consistent growth in quantitative improvement of students in secondary level but the question that arises is how efficiently these students have attained the learning level of that age. This study will be helpful to assess the student's efficacy depending on their study habits and attitude. In the current trend there is a much needed emphasis on developing the affective domain and creative domain of students since there is a depletion in students who indigenously create or invent. Hence this study is important to develop an understanding of the students. It is expected to provide an inferential solution from the results that shall be obtained to more efficient study methods. Attitude modification in students is only brought about by means of punishments whether corporal or non-corporal. Where in corporal punishment must be avoided at all costs. This study aims to provide functioning reasonable solutions to adoption of unique ways to bring modification in attitude towards prejudices towards subjects and teachers. There is a necessity to understand the interrelation between the study habits and attitudes of students towards study patterns. If there is a relationship then how can this relation help each other in a complimenting way and in turn help students in self-improvement. It is important to build a proper study pattern that is flexible to the students so that it becomes helpful for them at higher education. This will come through understanding their study patterns. They can arrive at this understanding through answering the questionnaire of the study. This is just one way to arrive at it. Hence this is the researcher’s hopeful attempt; that students, to which the test will be conducted, might be able to self-reflect on their study patterns. Having a modified attitude and improved and well-functioning study habits shall prove to be useful for students for their higher education. Hence the results of the study might help teachers and parents collectively support and guide their wards. Since there are far less studies in this field, especially in the region chosen to conduct the survey, this might help the primordial secondary school population of the urban and surrounding rural area to adopt and adapt to better study habits.
III. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
IV. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
“A study on study habits and attitudes among secondary school students.”
A. Objectives Of The Study
B. Hypothesis Of The Study
C. Variables Of The Study
D. Operational Definitions Of The Key Terms
V. METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY
The Descriptive cum Survey method will be used to study the “A study on study habits and attitudes among secondary school students”.
A. Sample Of The Study
The students studying in different types of high school affiliated to the Karnataka state secondary education department become the total population of the study.
B. Tool Used For The Study
The researcher will be using the standardised tool “Test of Study Habits and Attitudes by Dr. C.P. Mathur (English)”. The test is based on nine major areas of the study techniques, habits and attitudes – attitude towards teachers, home environment, and attitude towards education, study habits, mental conflict, concentration, home assignment, self-confidence and examination. The test contains 60 items that have been distributed in the areas mentioned. The items seek “YES”, “DOUBTFUL” and “NO” responses. The test is non-time. A high score on this test indicates high order of correct study habits and proper attitudes, while a low score shows poor study techniques.
VII. MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the current study was to come up with solutions for any drawbacks in students study habits and attitudes if any in a comparison between the ICSE and SBSE and the Girls and Boys of the secondary schools respectively. For the support to this purpose following were the findings of the survey conducted:
There is no significant difference in the study habits and attitude of boys and girls in ICSE schools.
A. Limitations Of The Study
B. Educational Implications
The results interpreted from the data can be derived to help three major supporting factors to students study environment – Learners internal motivation, teachers and parents. The students who have average to poor study habits can be made to go through counseling and mentoring programs to find the root cause of the lack of internal motivation and help them overcome their obstacles internally. It can support parents help create a better study environment at home for the learners to meet their learning needs.
It is of higher value to teachers which can help teachers improve their teaching. The study can be of service to teachers to try and experiment with new methods and techniques in teaching. This assists in stimulating a positive attitude in learners towards building better study habits. Teachers can act as better facilitators and tend to the needs to the learners. This can be a huge step in promoting self-studying habits among learner. An active teacher gravitates towards achieving the objectives of education effectively and successfully. Students can develop their own better study strategies for academic success.
C. Suggestions For The Future Study
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