Authors: Ankit Sinha, Anuj Kumar Gupta, Yash Kumar, Dr. M. Neelaveni Ammal
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Sensor network have since been considered a promising alternative to complement conventional monitoring processes. These networks are relatively affordable and allow measurements to be taken remotely, in real-time and with minimal human intervention. we are going to use a under -water Wireless sensor network system which can transfer multiple data from one place to another while being attached to an Autonomous underwater Vehicles (AUV) while submerged in water. The concept of transferring data is based on two main components name as Transmitter and Receiver. It can transfer the signal underwater without Internet connection here, the depth of the water in which it can transfer the signal depends on the transmitter module. It has Alarm Sensors system that will get activated if there some disturbance with AUV. It can be used in multiple purposes for both commercial and militarily like Navy.
Underwater wireless communications play an important role in marine activities such as environmental monitoring, underwater exploration, and scientific data collection. Underwater wireless communications still remain quite challenging, due to the unique and harsh conditions that characterize underwater channels. These conditions include for example severe attenuation, multipath dispersion, and limited resource utilization. Nonetheless advanced communication techniques using acoustic, electromagnetic and/or optical waves have emerged to tackle fundamental and practical challenges of underwater wireless communications. Recently, many academic and industrial researchers have paid attention to the development of state-of-the-art solutions for future underwater wireless communications and networks. This Special Section will enlighten and guide the potential research communities about the recent progress in the area of underwater wireless communications, and will encourage some of the leading research communities o present the state-of-the-art contributions and future research directions
II. LITERATURE SURVEY
In this study, they use a green light emitting diode (LED) to create a water-to-air visible light communication (VLC) link and examine the coverage properties of the planned water-to-air -VLC link in both still and choppy water. We extract the variation in link gain by sending a high-frequency sinusoid signal. We determine the true link gains at various receiver points using the signals received from an experimental water-to-air -VLC system, and we examine the channel temporal characteristics in good connection conditions (referred to as link "on" state). Due to the wavy water surface's random spatial modulation effect, it is observed that the mean channel gain under wavy water surface conditions can be higher than that under calm water surface conditions, especially when the transmitter and receiver are not precisely aligned.
2. Title: Internet of Water Things: A Remote Raw Water Monitoring and Control System AUTHORS: Abílio c. da silva Júnior, Roberto Munoz
Quality control is becoming more important as communication technology develops. The main objective of this endeavour is to create a new online Many governments and international organisations are concerned about the planet's limited water resources. The Internet of Water Things is a term used to describe intelligent water management and monitoring systems. Control and resource management of raw water would be the goal of the proposed system. As a result, a platform based on server-less architecture and the Internet of Things Architectural Reference Model has been built, and it is being used in a simulation environment to test its performance. There is a mechanism for collecting untreated water from tube wells for this research. There are level, temperature, and pressure sensors in each well.
3. Title: Research on The Overall Framework of Intelligent Water Conservancy Construction AUTHORS: Shaoxuan Li, Xiaowan Chen, Xiao Zhang year 2021
China's water conservation has undergone a number of stages, from farming to the rapid expansion of the digital world, and has now formally entered a new phase known as intelligent water conservancy. In terms of safe and reliable operation as well as all-encompassing advantages, intelligent water conservation is one of the primary responsibilities of the water conservation sector. This study presents a set of workable general frameworks for building intelligent water conservancies based on modern electronic information technologies.
4. Title: IoT based Water Parameter Monitoring System AUTHORS: Krishna S, Sarath T V, M S Kumaraswamy, Vishnu Nair YEAR: 2020.
Water monitoring systems are a major topic of discussion in society due to the steadily increasing contamination of water bodies brought on by both man-made activities and natural disasters. Applications involving water have a lot of possibilities for automation. There are many verticals in water quality, smart irrigation, and smart water distribution network thanks to the development of big data analytics. With accurate and current data, all of these function effectively. The most significant obstacle to the creation of an automation application in this field is the need for many sensor parameters and a reliable communication architecture that can be expanded to various areas of water monitoring applications. In this study, a solution to these issues is proposed. EXO Sonde obtains the appropriate sensor values by the usage of an industrial multi-parameter sensor node.
5. Title: Smart Water Meter using Power Line Communication (PLC) Approach for measurements of Accurate Water Consumption and Billing Process
AUTHORS: Abdul, Shaik Asif Hussain, Ajay Rana YEAR: 2020
With the introduction of the internet, data transmission techniques have undergone a significant evolution. There are two sorts of data transmission techniques. One network type is wired, and the other is wireless. One of the methods for transmitting power using specialised modems that collect data at predetermined frequencies is power line communication. The study suggests a smart water metre that measures domestic water use using a flow sensor. The electronic valve in the proposed system will be set to a threshold limit that will turn off the water. The data will be transmitted to the data centre through grid power line and PLC modem for examination. The data centre then sends the water billing department information through SMS for billing purposes.
III. PROBLEM STATEMENTIn existing system people uses Radio Frequency based communication system in underwater for transfer of signals from one place to another but, there are certain disadvantage such as in some area the optical cable might get broken or damage due to disturbance of water. To fix that problem we are using Wireless communication system to tackle that problem.
The data transmission module was submerged in water, and the Data communication transmission module from the controller in the transmitter side sends the data to the reception side through the water.
A. Working Of Proposed System
In this project, they create a mechanism that can wirelessly transport data between two points. Here, the image transmission is accomplished using water as a communication medium. Our system is made up of a few ATMega328 micro controllers, as illustrated in the block diagram (figs. 3.1 & 3.2).
There are transmitter and receiver modules in this system. They use a microcontroller, LCD display, water data communication transmitter module, UART interface, and Visual Basic software in the transmitter end. The user provides the image that has to be transferred, which is then encoded in Visual Basic 6.0 and sent to the microcontroller via the UART interface. Then, a Water data communication transmitter module transmits the encoded image to the receiver module.
C. Software Description
V. RESULTS AND INTERPRETATION
Our project's results are described in terms of both hardware and software. Here, the experimental findings from this project's work are discussed.
We express our gratitude to Dr. M. Neelaveni for her guidance and support throughout this project, without which it would have been challenging to complete.
The incorporation of sensor networks is expected to help advance numerous application domains and cutting-edge services. This survey provides a concise, in-depth analysis of the current state of the art with an emphasis on cutting-edge sensor network applications. We discussed significant issues that must be addressed, like services and sensor network applications. This unique collection is actually focused on defining the opening salvo in a discussion about the necessary integration of cutting-edge services and applications with sensor networks. We will have a new conversation about the topic of this unique collection when we next meet.
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Copyright © 2023 Ankit Sinha, Anuj Kumar Gupta, Yash Kumar, Dr. M. Neelaveni Ammal. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.