Authors: Prof. B. H. Chafekar, Mr. Suhan Kamble, Mr. Vedant Jadhav, Mr. Arya Dhankawade, Mr. Sujal Doshi
Certificate: View Certificate
Plastic waste is becoming extremely threatening to the environment due to their high quantities generated which pose serious harm to both the environment and its inhabitants. A major victim of this menace is the marine environment. Plastic wastes generated on land find their way to water bodies where they cause detrimental effects such as flooding and poisoning of the animals in the marine ecosystem. The plastics in the marine environment, which are ingested in fish, are also deleterious to human health if such fish are consumed. Cancer is a major disease that emanates as a consequence. In order to find an effective way to manage these wastes and improve the sustainability of our environment, this study, therefore, explores various approaches to recycling plastic wastes into new products. The critical threat of the presence of plastic wastes in our marine environment is also presented. The limitation of the use of plastic waste for construction applications alongside the prospects is discussed. It is concluded that the use of plastic wastes for construction applications will improve the sustainability of the environment significantly, and also serve as a reliable source of materials for construction purposes. In addition, the use of recycled plastic wastes as a component in cementitious composites has been found to be the most beneficial as it can be used to replace all solid components of the composite. Finally, areas for further studies are also presented.
The items/material which used once are called non-recycle waste. It has very bad impact on Environment & humanity. The use of solid waste and recycled materials is becoming increasingly important in the construction practice for energy, natural resources, and environment conservation considerations. In the United States, significant quantities of waste are generated every year. The majority is landfilled at tremendous economic and environmental expense. One of the main reasons for low level of waste and recycled material utilization is the lack of quantified criteria to guide extensive use for a given waste material in special uses. The utilization of waste in the construction industry has two glaring dividends, one, environmental impact is addressed by disposal of the waste and second, the economic impact and this waste has the edge of being available large quantity, everywhere and at low value. Concrete3 being the widely used construction material in the world estimated up to 11 billion metric tons every year.
Typical concrete ingredients are cement, sand and coarse aggregate which are used universally for producing concrete. Due to the great utility of concrete, with the passing of each day these materials are getting deficient thus demanding for the alternatives.
It is off course a matter of serious concern for the civil engineers who are on the search of suitable materials which can fully or partially replace the typical concrete materials.
B. Items That Cannot Be Recycled
C. List of Materials which cannot be Recycle
II. LITERATURE SURVEY
III. PROPOSED METHODOLOGY
As Non recycle wastes like plastic bags, glass bottles, etc., cannot be broken down by decomposers, their disposal poses a big problem. Non-biodegradable wastes can be managed by practicing the concept of 3Rs Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle.
We need to reduce the amount of waste generated by consuming more and throwing away less. We often buy more things than we really need. Nowadays, disposable items have become popular, for example, ballpoint pen, plastic bag, disposable napkins etc. We are using them frequently without giving a thought to their hazardous effects.
Here are some tips for reducing wastes:
We can reuse certain things for more than one purpose. If we reuse them for other purposes, we can help in reducing the waste. Here are some of the tips for reusing things:
The process by which waste materials are used to make new products is called recycling. Materials like glass, metal, plastic, and paper are collected, separated, and recycled to make new things.
Recycling of Plastics
Bucket, bottle, toy, shoe, bag, pen, and comb are a few things made of plastic. Use of plastics has become a major concern nowadays because they are non-biodegradable and release harmful gases upon heating or burning. They can also contaminate foodstuffs. If eaten by animals, plastics can choke and kill them. Therefore, one should reduce and reuse plastic items as far as possible. When plastic items are to be discarded, they should be recycled to make new things.
Not all the plastics generated are recycled, hence causing much damage to life on Earth. In many places in India, plastics are totally banned seeing its adverse effects on the environment.
Some of the ways to reduce, reuse, and recycle plastics are as follows:
Recycling of paper
Paper is made from trees and trees are essential for our survival on Earth. So, even if paper is biodegradable, depletion of trees at a fast pace is a big concern. Therefore, to save trees we must use paper carefully. Some of the ways to save paper are:
a. We should always write on both sides of paper sheets.
b. Unused pages from old notebooks can be torn off and made into a new notebook for doing rough work and other miscellaneous work.
c. We can also reuse envelopes and covers by using stickers to write new addresses.
d. We can also make fresh paper from old newspapers.
By now, we know how harmful garbage accumulation can be. But, by following the 3Rs concept, we can manage the garbage generated in our surroundings so that it is beneficial to the environment.
D. Details of Designs & Working and Process
a. Details & Designs of Plastic Brick
b. Prototype of Brick
c. . Resource required for making plastic-based bricks
2. Demolition Waste Tile: This brick is made of non-recycle plastic waste. It is made by mixing cement, fine aggregate, shredded plastic, & water in appropriate ratio.
a. Details & Designs of Demolition Waste Tile:
b. Prototype of Tile
c. Resource Required for Making:
3. Carbon Tile: This brick is made of non-recycle plastic waste. It is made by mixing cement, fine aggregate, shredded plastic, & water in appropriate ratio.
a. Details & Designs of Carbon Tile
b. Prototype of Tile
c. Resource Required for Making
IV. FUTURE ENHANCEMENT
The plastic bricks used for further in construction projects due to its light weight and economic purpose. The plastic use in the many forms in the construction like bricks, tiles, road pavements etc. When plastic used for this construction, the structures will be more economics and it have enough strength, durability, economic, high resistance of water and less wastage of materials.
In this Capstone Project, we understood the various problems on field which cannot be studied from the book but by experiencing and facing the problem on filed we can crack them. In this we have understood the real importance of Capstone Project. We faced many problems while doing the Capstone Project but with the help of MR. B. H Chafekar we managed to complete. We have learned so many new and different things from this project of Non-Recycle Waste is an important issue that needs governmental action quickly. At present there is very little awareness exists regarding this issue in our society. The practices of bringing forth waste are too risky not only for today but they could be dangerous for our future generation. After completing the Capstone Project, it is going to help me in different ways to become a successful civil engineer in life.
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Copyright © 2022 Prof. B. H. Chafekar, Mr. Suhan Kamble, Mr. Vedant Jadhav, Mr. Arya Dhankawade, Mr. Sujal Doshi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.