Authors: Prof. Vidyashree. C, Prof. Spoorthi P A
Certificate: View Certificate
This paper aims with the rise in vehicle theft cases, the need for reliable anti-theft devices has become crucial. Existing vehicle lock system, including mechanical locks, car alarms, and GPS tracking, have not been able to effectively reduce theft rates. This project proposes an innovative solution using face detection technology to design and develop an advanced vehicle locking system in real time. The system allows the car module to be initiated either through face detection or by sending a status message from a cell phone. Upon receiving the message, the car module verifies user authentication. In the event of unauthorized access, a message will be forwarded to the authorized person or the owner cell phone with their photo, if the authorized person gives the permission then the ignition will be switched on. After the face detection for driver safety purpose the Alcohol content will be checked and the seat belt detection will be done. If the accident occurs while driving a car, then the message will be forwarded to the authorized people with the current location and also to the nearest police stations or to the hospitals.
In recent times, the rapid increase in the number of vehicles has led to a corresponding rise in car theft attempts, both locally and internationally. The evolution of sophisticated stealing techniques has left vehicle owners increasingly concerned about the security of their valuable assets, whether parked in common lots or outside their homes. As a result, there is a growing need to protect vehicles from theft in today’s insecure environment. To address this issue, a real-time vehicle security system based on face detection has emerged as a promising solution. This proposed vehicle security system leverages image processing techniques to enable real-time user authentication using face identification and acknowledgement methods. By integrating a microprocessor-based control system on board with the vehicle, the security system becomes an integral part of car’s infrastructure. The system aims to enhance vehicle security by ensuring reliable and efficient user authentication through the utilization of face identification and acknowledgement technologies. By utilizing face identification and acknowledgement algorithms, the proposed system can analyze and authenticate the individuality of the user attempting to access the vehicle. This method provides numerous benifits over traditional methods of vehicle security, such as mechanical locks or car alarms, which is easily circumvented or disabled by skilled thieves. The integration of real-time user authentication based on face detection adds an additional layer of security, making it considerably harder for unauthorized individuals to gain admittance to the vehicle. In summary, the introduction of a real-time vehicle security system based on face detection addresses the pressing need for enhanced vehicle protection in an increasingly insecure environment. By employing image processing techniques and a microprocessor-based control system, the proposed system ensures efficient and reliable user authentication, effectively mitigating the risk of car theft attempts.
The objective is to implement a robust authentication system to guarantee that exclusively approved individuals can access and operate the vehicle.
Our primary objective is
III. PROBLEM STATEMENT
The current state of vehicle access authentication and driver safety represents several pressing concerns require attention. Firstly, the existing authentication measures lack robustness, making it relatively easy for unauthorized individuals to gain access to vehicles, leading to theft and unauthorized use. Additionally, the reliance on digital authentication methods leaves vehicles vulnerable to hacking and cyberattacks, exposing drivers to significant safety risks. Moreover, driver identification methods are often inaccurate and unreliable, resulting in access issues and potential safety concerns. Insufficient driver safety features and non-compliance with safety regulations further contribute to increased risks of accidents and compromised driver safety. Furthermore, the integration of emergency assistance services is limited, causing delays in response during accidents or emergencies. Inadequate monitoring and analysis of driver behavior prevent the identification of patterns and potential risks, hindering the advancement of targeted safety measures. Lastly, the absence of collaboration between vehicle access authentication systems and law enforcement agencies undermines efforts to track stolen vehicles, identify suspicious activity, and ensure public safety. Addressing these problems is crucial to enhance vehicle access authentication and driver safety, ultimately creating a secure and safe driving environment.
IV. BLOCK DIAGRAM AND DESCRIPTION
Face recognition can be utilized as a biometric authentication method to grant access to a vehicle. Instead of traditional key-based entry or keyless fobs, the system can use cameras to capture the driver's face and match it with pre-registered profiles. If the face matches, the vehicle can be unlocked and started, ensuring that only authorized individuals can gain access to the vehicle.
2. Step 2: Seat Belt Selection
IR Sensor is used to identify the seatbelt wearing. We can detect whether the driver is wearing is wearing the seatbelt or not using the IR sensor which consists of Transmitter and Receiver. The Transmitter emits the radiations when these radiations are reflected to the Receiver, it makes sense of the obstacle present in front of sensor by using this seatbelt position can be detected.
3. Step 3: Alcohol Detection
MQ-3 gas detector (alcohol sensor) is used to identify the alcohol content from the breath of the driver. It can be placed just below the face defend so that it can sense it easily. If the driver is drunken, then the resistance value drops which leads to the sudden change in voltage value, then this value transfers to the microcontroller and it prevents from the ignition of the car under this case.
4. Step 4: Accident Detection
Next is to detect the location of the driver in case of emergency using the MEMS sensor which is more stimulus to the vehicle which will make the detection of the location in case of accident, here it is mainly depends on the potential difference of the capacitor plates present inside the MEMS sensor.
B. Hardware Requirements
C. Software Requirements
V. HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS
A. Software Analysis
VI. HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE IMPLEMENTATION
Aided by VNC viewer and Wi-Fi, the raspberry pi's display is displayed on the computer screen Steps for configuring a Raspberry Pi over Wi-Fi a) Set up the OS on your SD card.
A. Hardware Setup
The concept of hardware architecture for machine learning based to text to speech conversion is shown in below figure.
VII. ADVANTAGES AND APPLICATIONS
VIII. RESULTS AND OUTPUT ANALYSIS
Implementing vehicle access authentication and driver safety measures can lead to a range of positive outcomes. Firstly, it enhances overall vehicle security by employing methodology such as keyless entry or biometric recognition, ensuring that exclusively approved individuals can access and operate the vehicle. This effectively reduces the risk of theft or unauthorized use, giving peace of mind for vehicle owners. Additionally, these authentication mechanisms effectively prevent unauthorized access to vehicles, acting as a deterrent against theft, vandalism, and joyriding incidents. By implementing robust access authentication systems, the incidence of car theft can be significantly reduced, resulting in lower financial losses for vehicle owners and insurance companies alike.
Furthermore, driver safety is greatly improved through the implementation of driver monitoring systems and other safety technologies. These systems track driver behavior, detect signs of fatigue or distraction, and provide real-time feedback to promote safe driving practices. By increasing driver accountability, such technologies contribute to a decrease in accidents, injuries, and fatalities on the road.
A. Conclusion In conclusion, the importance of vehicle access authentication and driver safety cannot be overstated. The existing challenges and issues surrounding these areas pose significant risks to both vehicle owners and the general public. However, by implementing robust authentication measures, enhancing driver identification technologies, and integrating advanced safety features, we can create a safer and more secure driving environment. It is imperative to prioritize the development and implementation of comprehensive driver safety measures, including monitoring systems, compliance enforcement, and emergency assistance integration. Furthermore, collaboration between vehicle access authentication systems and law enforcement agencies is essential to combat theft, track stolen vehicles, and ensure public safety. By addressing these problems and working towards innovative solutions, we can significantly reduce the risks associated with unauthorized vehicle access and promote driver safety, leading to a more secure and protected transportation ecosystem for all. B. Future Scope The future presents a wide range of possibilities for the evolution of vehicle access authentication and driver safety, offering innovative solutions to enhance security and protect drivers. Here are some crucial regions of future scope: 1) Advanced Biometric Technologies: Ongoing advancements in biometrics, such as facial recognition, fingerprint scanning, and voice recognition, will continue to improve accuracy and reliability in driver identification. These technologies will play a significant role in strengthening vehicle access authentication. 2) Blockchain-Based Authentication: Blockchain technology holds promise to secure and decentralized vehicle access authentication. By utilizing blockchain, access permissions can be stored in a tamper-proof and transparent manner, reducing the risk of unauthorized access and enhancing overall security. 3) Enhanced Driver Monitoring Systems: Future developments will focus on more advanced driver monitoring systems, utilizing artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms. These systems will be capable of detecting driver fatigue, distraction, and impaired driving, providing real-time alerts and interventions to prevent accidents. 4) Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) Communication: Improved V2V communication will enable vehicles to share vital safety information, such as collision warnings and road hazard alerts, enhancing overall driver safety. This collaborative exchange of data between vehicles will contribute to accident prevention and safer driving practices.
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Copyright © 2023 Prof. Vidyashree. C, Prof. Spoorthi P A. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.