Authors: Priyanshu Singh, Ankit Solanki, Priyanshu Paras, Devendra Soni, Shreya Bhavsar, Suveer Dubey
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Fire Incident is a disaster that can potentially cause the loss of life, property damage and permanent disability to the affected victim. The Victim of Fire Incident can also suffer from prolonged psychological and trauma. Fire fighters are primarily tasked to handle fire incidents, but they are often exposed to higher risks when extinguishing fire, especially in hazardous environments such as in nuclear power plant, petroleum refineries and gas tanks. They are also faced with other difficulties, particularly if fire occurs in narrow and restricted places, as it is necessary to explore the ruins of buildings and obstacles to extinguish the fire and save the victim. With high barriers and risks in fire extinguishment operations, technological innovations can be utilized to assist firefighting. Therefore, this paper presents the design of a firefighting robot dubbed that can extinguish fire without the need for fire fighters to be exposed to unnecessary danger. It is designed to be compact in size than other conventional fire-fighting robot to ease small location entry for deeper reach of extinguishing fire in narrow space. It is also equipped with an ultrasonic sensor to avoid it from hitting any obstacle and surrounding objects, while a flame sensor is attached for fire detection. This resulted in It demonstrating capabilities of identifying fire locations automatically and ability to extinguish fire remotely at distance.
Firefighting is the act of extinguishing destructive fires. A firefighter must be able to stop fire quickly and safely extinguish the fire, preventing further damage and rescue victims to a safer location from the hazard. Technology has finally bridged the gap between Firefighting and machines allowing for a more efficient and effective method of firefighting. Robots were designed to find a fire before it rages out of control. The robots could one day work with fire fighters in reducing the risk of injury to victims. Our team was always more interested in security-related projects. We determined that our idea would be security-related, but we also wanted to create something unique, both in terms of the market and for a social cause. As a result, we devised the concept of a fire-fighting robot. One of the most crucial factors in a fire tragedy is the number of lives lost in the process of saving another's life. Because of explosive materials, smoke, and high temperatures, it is sometimes hard for firefighting workers to reach the scene of a fire. Many disastrous outcomes can be avoided if the fire is detected quickly. A single spark can start a huge conflagration. Because of an inadequate fire management system, not only industrial workers' lives are in danger, but also the lives of domestic workers. Many lives can be lost in a fire, and many more can be permanently injured. However, employing correct firefighting techniques, this can be prevented. We plan to construct a Fire Extinguishing Robot that can detect and move a little flame to extinguish it. With the use of flame sensors, it will automatically identify a fire. It navigates itself to the fire source and extinguishes the fire using the built-in fire extinguishing system once it recognizes the location of the fire breakout. It employs flame sensors for fire detection. When a fire is detected, the fire extinguishing system will be engaged. When the water pump detects a fire, it will begin ejecting water. The primary function of this system is to provide fire surveillance in order to prevent severe fire accidents and reduce human life loss. progress to location-dependent services and requests in wireless arrangements endures to need the progress of extra precise and reliable positioning and pursuing systems. The main and only work is to deploy the robot in a fire prone area and the robot will automatically work once it detects a fire breakout. This prototype helps in Rescue operations during fire accidents where the entry of service man is very difficult in the fire prone area. There are several existing types of vehicles for firefighting at home and extinguish forest fires. Our proposed robot is designed to be able to work on its own or be controlled remotely. By using such robots, fire identification and rescue activities can be done with higher security without placing fire fighters at high risk and dangerous conditions. In other words, robots can reduce the need for fire fighters to get into dangerous situations.
II. OBJECTIVE OF MINI FIRE FIGHTING
Nowadays, machinery and robotic design become important in helping human. This Fire Protection Robot was design to help people in any destructive burnt situation where this robot can extinguish burnt area immediately using autonomous system. The objective of the project will be to design a Fire Fighting Robot is to detect fire event, and use extinguish to fight the fire source. The goal of the fire-fighting robot project is to create a wheeled robot with capabilities to navigate through a specially designed maze, detect a candle flame (simulating a fire), extinguish the flame, and return to a designated location within the maze.
III. LITERATURE SURVEY
The methodology is divided into two parts. The first part is on the designing of the robot followed by hardware description and the second part on the analysis of design. All parts were assembled, and experiments were then performed to determine the optimal distance of to extinguish the fire were carried out. Initially we need to make sure all the components are connected and give power supply through an external device the robot remains idle initially, later it starts rotating in 360 degrees to detect the presence of object with the help of flame sensor. If the object is not within the range, it moves ahead and then again checks the presence of object within the range. The signal is sensed to the one of the 5-channel flame sensor and then robot moves if it signals to center sensor so that we can move to the object accurately. After detecting the flame, it moves to certain distance and again checks the range of distance until it moves near the flame object. After it reaches it then in turn activates fire extinguisher or water pump to sprinkle the water on fire object.
V. COMPONENTS OF MINI FIRE FIGHTING ROBOT
IR Flame Sensor, HC-SR04 ultrasonic Sensor, Servo-Gear, Battery, Ejector, Mounting Plate, IR Sensor, Servo Motor, UV Sensor, Controller, Base, Motor, Module, Cover, Pump, Pump Support, Pipe, Support Shaft, Tank, Wheel, Tread Shaft, Wheel Shaft.
This project describes about the real time firefighting robot which moves in a constant speed, identify the fire, and then extinguish it with the help of pumping mechanism. It has advantageous features such as ability to detect location of fire automatically besides having a compact body and lightweight structure. The robot can be used at a place that has a small entrance or in small spaces because it has a compact structure. The system can potentially be useful to accompany fire fighters and prevent an outbreak. From the experimental results, the robot can sense smokes and fire accurately in a short time. Fire causes tremendous damage and loss of human life and property. It is sometimes impossible for the fire fighter personnel to access the sight of fire because of explosive materials, smoke and high temperature. Through this we can conclude that robot can be placed where human lives are at risk. The robot can operate in the environment which is out of human reach in very short time. In such environments, firefighting robots can be useful for extinguishing fire. These robots should be controlled remote operators who are located far away from the fire site using remote communication systems. The robot accurately and efficiently finds the fire within minimum time after the fire is detected. In future work Project aims to promote technology innovation to achieve a reliable and efficient outcome. Mobile robot that can move through a model structure, find fire and extinguish it. The movement of the robot is controlled by the sensors which are fixed on the mobile platform .is to provide security of home, laboratory, office, factory and building is important to human life. We develop an intelligent multisensory based security system that contains a firefighting system in our daily life. We design the fire detection system using sensors in the system, and program the fire detection and fighting procedure using sensor-based method.
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Copyright © 2022 Priyanshu Singh, Ankit Solanki, Priyanshu Paras, Devendra Soni, Shreya Bhavsar, Suveer Dubey. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.