This paper gives the design approach for failure of connecting link at keyway for electric overhead traveling crane. Failure of connecting link occurs in electric overhead traveling crane which is presently equipped in Vigour Metals and Alloy, MIDC Butibori, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. The capacity of electric overhead traveling crane is 5 Tons. Within this work, as per problem identification in same industry, an approach of failure analysis for critical part of crane had been carried. In this paper, discussion of the torque, maximum shear stress, equivalent shear stress, shear stress, bending stress, bending moment, twisting moment, forces, etc., which are induced in connecting link while performing some operation or loading and unloading of materials or containers have done. To identify and minimize this failure occurs in connecting link, detail literature search and analytical treatment is carried.
Electric overhead Travelling crane is employed in Vigour Metals and Alloy, MIDC Butibori, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. The function of electric overhead travelling crane is move the containers and materials from one location to another location in a perfect manner and also used for loading and unloading. Due to this some stresses are induced in connecting link of electric
overhead travelling crane and failure occurs. In present paper, study failure of connecting link of electric overhead travelling crane which is place in the Industry.
Type of electric overhead travelling crane are as follows
Single Girder Cranes
Double Girder Cranes
Component of electric overhead travelling bridge crane :-
The main function of electric overhead travelling crane is lift, lower and moves the material and containers longitudinally and horizontally in the industry. The load is lifted by crane hook which has cabled to a hoist mechanism. The hoist mechanism is suspended on trolley and trolley moves horizontally along the electric overhead travelling crane bridge. The fig. 2 shows component of electric overhead travelling crane.
Structural component of an electric overhead travelling crane called Bridge. Range of bridge means to width of industry. The bridge brings or convey to hoist mechanism which can move along the length of the girder while operation.
In runway, the electric overhead travelling crane operates by truck and support system. The runway or designed accordingly by industry surface area.
C . Runway Rail
Electric overhead travelling crane travels on runway rail and runway rail supported by the runway beams.
D. End Trucks
End trucks assembly consist of bearing, wheels, structure members and axels, etc. and it is supports trolley cross member and bridge girder.
E. Hoist Mechanism
The function of hoist mechanism is to move, lower, lift and place the material or objects in precise manner in the industry. It consist of a rope, drum, gear, shaft, coupling, brakes and motor, etc.
The mechanism of trolley is move the hoist horizontally and longitudinally along the girder of electric overhead travelling crane.
The function of bumper is to absorb the energy for reducing the impact while moving crane reaches the end of crane.
All controls of an electric overhead travelling crane is on the hand of operator. Crane operation which control are the gripping and ungripping load, lowering, lifting and transporting the load.
I. Position of Connecting Link
II. LITRATURE REVIEW
Sumit P. Raut , Laukik P. Raut, is described that, This project report is about, “A Review of Various Techniques Used for Shaft Failure Analysis”. There are so many type of methodology use for calculating the failure analysis of the rotating shaft used in different type of application by so many authors are reviewed in this paper. In present paper, there are so many comparison of different methodology used, their application and drawbacks by various author. The main objective of today work is to study the different methodologies used for shaft failure analysis and to select the best methodology suitable for the failure analysis of rotating shaft used in gear box which is mounted on the overhead crane in order to prevent repetitive.
Hariom, Prof. Vijoy Kumar, Dr. Chandrababu D, is described that, This project report is about “A Review of Fundamental Shaft Failure Analysis”. In this review paper we are trying to gives the insight of various analysis are to be carried out to identify the cause of shaft failure. Usually roller shaft failure can be optimized by preventive mechanical maintenance process. Also using safe design with proper manufacturing procedure. These are so many literature has been systematically compared as well as reviewed to get a perfect reason of shaft failure analysis. As we knows every methodology has it positive as well as negative results as compared to one another used by specific industrial segment. Failure of shaft in running condition leads to unnecessary shutdown which ultimately cause the production time disturbance or can say barrier in continuous production time. The main objective of this paper is to study each and every failure condition of shaft and choose the best method to overcome that failure.
II. DESIGN CALCULATION OF CONNECTING LINK
In this work we have study the design approach for failure of connecting link of Electric overhead Traveling crane. We conclude that if actual stresses developed in connecting link will less than the permissible shear stress then the design of connecting link is safe. For future scope, we can say that this project is very useful for design a shaft.
 Sumit P.Raut , Laukik P.Raut, “A Review of Various Techniques Used for Shaft Failure Analysis”. in International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science Volume 2, Issue 2, Feb-Mar 2014
 Hariom, Prof. Vijoy Kumar, Dr. Chandrababu D, “A Review of Fundamental Shaft Failure Analysis” in International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, vol. 03, issue 10, oct-2016
 Zeljko Domazet, Francisko Luksa, Miro Bugarin, “Failure of Two Overhead Crane Shaft”, in Engineering Failure Analysis, Vol. 44, Page No.: 125-135, September 2014.
 Sumit P. Raut, Laukik P. Raut, “Failure Analysis and Redesign of Shaft of Overhead Crane”, in Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 4, Issue 6( Version 3), June 2014.
 O. A. Zambrano, J. J. Coronado, S. A. Rodr?guez, “Failure analysis of a bridge crane shaft”, in Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis, January 2014.
 Dhaval H. Kanjariya, “A Review on Design and Analysis of Hoisting Machinery in EOT Crane”, in International Journal for Scientific Research and Development, vol. 03, Issue 02, 2015
 Jayesh Rajendra Chopda, S. H. Mankar “Design, Analysis and Optimization of Electric Overhead Travelling Crane Hook” in International journal of engineering research & Technology, vol. 3, issue 05, May – 2015
 A. Gopichand, R. V. S. Lakshmi, B. Mahesh krishna “Optimization of design parameter for crane hook using taguchi method” in international journals of innovative research in science, engineering and technology, vol. 2, Dec 2013, ISSN: 2319-8753.
 S.L. Sharma, T.A. Khan, Md. Parvez, K. Kumari, Computer Aided Analysis and Design of Hoisting Mechanism of an EOT Crane, International Journal of Innovative Research and Development, ISSN: 2278-0211, Volume: 2, Issue: 1, Page No.: 542-552, May 2013.
 Felix Kresinsky, Erhard Leidich, “Different Failure Mechanisms in Keyed Shaft-Hub Connection under Dynamic Torque Load” in Procedia Structural Integrity, vol. 17, August – 2018.
 IS 2266 (2002): Steel Wire Ropes for General Engineering Purposes, Indian Standard, Bureau of Indian Standards, September 2002.
 IS 6938 (2005): Design of rope drum and chain hoists for hydraulic gates - Code of practice, Indian Standard, Bureau of Indian Standards, November 2005.
 IS 3688 (1990): Power transmission - Shafts - Dimensions for cylindrical and 1/10 conical shaft ends, Indian Standard, Bureau of Indian Standards, November 1990
 D. K. Padhal, D. B. Meshram, “Analysis and Failure Improvement of Shaft of Gear Motor in CRM Shop Research Inventy”, International Journal of Engineering and Science Vol.3, Issue 4, July 2013
 Niels L. Pedersen, “Optimization of Keyway Design”, 2 nd International Conference on Engineering Optimization, 1 Jan. 2010.
 A textbook of Machine Design By R.S. Khurmi, J.K.Gupta.
 Gaikwad Rushikesh B., Gaur Abhay V ., “Static And Dynamic Analysis Of Shaft (En24) Of Foot Mounting Motor Using Fea”. in International Journal Of Innovations In Engineering Research And Technology, Volume 5, Issue 6, June 2018
 Swati Verma, S.K.Srivastava, “Effect of Keyways in the Design of Drive Shaft: A Case Study, in International Jiournal Of Advance Research In Science And Engineering, Vol. 06, Issue 12, December 2017.