In recent decades, Urbanization has increased tremendously. During the same phase, there is an increase in waste production. Waste management has been a crucial issue to be considered. This project is a way to achieve this good cause. In this project, the smart dustbin is built on a microcontroller-based platform Arduino Uno board which is interfaced with a GSM modem and an Ultrasonic sensor, Ultrasonic sensor is placed at the top of the dustbin which will measure the stature of the dustbin.
The threshold stature is set as 5cm. Arduino will be programmed in such a way that when the dustbin is being filled, the remaining height from the threshold height will be displayed. Once the garbage reaches the threshold level ultrasonic sensor will trigger the GSM modem which will alert the municipal corporation. Once the dustbin is empty, people can reuse the dustbin. At regular intervals, the dustbin will be empty. Once these smart bins are implemented on a large scale, by replacing our traditional dustbins, waste can be managed efficiently as it avoids unnecessary lumping of waste on a roadside. The Foul smell from these rotten wastes that remain untreated for a long time, due to the negligence of authorities and carelessness of the public may lead to long-term problems.
Breeding of insects and mosquitoes can create a nuisance around promoting an unclean environment. This may even cause dreadful diseases. To stop this from happening, our project will help avoid such cases.
There is one more issue that has got to be managed. Garbage! Pictures of garbage bins being overfull and also the refuse being spilled out from the containers may be seen all around.
This prompts different ailments as the extensive number of insects and mosquitoes breed thereon. a significant test within the urban areas is powerful waste administration.
Thus, a smart dustbin may be a framework that may annihilate this issue or if nothing else diminish it to the bottom level. Greater a part of viruses and bacterial contaminations create in dirtied conditions. Defending the Environment utilizing Technology sources is required at the moment.
Dominant a part of the general community environment is by all accounts contaminated with the material. In this way, the modernization of the restaurants is required by giving the smart technology waste product in landfills rot, attract pests, and dirty our air and groundwater. By updating your kitchen dustbin to smart bin Air you retain 1500 kgs of nourishment waste removed from landfills in a very 10 years!
As per the UN, between now and 2025, the whole populace will increment by 20% to realize 8 billion tenants (from 6.5 today).With this expansion in the populace, the duties towards waste administration additionally increments. Our waste organization systems and our financial circumstances, notwithstanding doing what has to be done, are unequipped for handling the creating measures of waste generally. So unless another worldview of worldwide collaboration and administration is embraced, a tsunami of uncontrolled dumpsites is going to be the vital waste administration technique, particularly in Asia. In the geographical region of America, point of entry drives the trail with a landfill transfer redirection rate of 72% and therefore the city has set itself an objective of zero waste to landfill by 2020. This paper gives us a standout amongst the foremost proficient approaches to stay our condition perfect and green.
The overflowing of dustbins can be stopped.
The overflowing and cleaning of smart bins will be continuously monitored and effectively managed thus making clean and empty bins available to common people.
Economically Effective technique if once implemented successfully.
It also intends at building clean as well as green surroundings.
Due to the long location distances, dustbins may already overflow.
Sometimes there will be spam accounts.
Damage can happen to anyone.
Can be best used by municipal corporations for their betterment of management regarding the collection of waste
VIII. FUTURE SCOPE
There can be many different modules that can be implemented with this project. The modules which can be included are of various domains ranging from IoT to ML to AI to Big Data Analytics. Some of the improvements to this project can be providing the power source for the board using solar power which is a more eco-friendly solution. Analytics of the peak times of locations where the dustbin is filled and for how long can be done to save human effort. Automation of opening and closing of lid and automation of switching on and off of the entire system is also a possibility that will, end of the day, save a lot of power
This project involves less human effort while automating waste disposal by integrating hardware and application. The hardware detects the level of garbage and the application sends the notification of garbage retrieval. This project saves the effort of garbage collectors by saving their time and the cost of fuel for the vehicle. It provides a proper disposal method for garbage, eliminating the dustbin getting filled and garbage spilling out. This is an efficient way of disposing of garbage considering the cost and easy-to-use attributes. We have used cheap and efficient components to make the project economical. Code compaction has made the project more efficient by defining proper deliverables. The project can be easily used by users garbage collectors and administration for disposal and retrieval of waste. It can be deployed anywhere for proper waste disposal and pickup, which will help in making the environment cleaner and greener
 Narayan Sharma, Nirman Singha, Tanmoy Dutta, “Smart Bin Implementation for Smart Cities”, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, vol 6, Issue 9, 2015, pp- 787- 789.
 K. Vidyasagar, M. Sumalatha, K. Swathi and M. Rambabu, “Eco-friendly Environment with RFID Communication Imparted Waste Collecting Robot”, Journal of Academia and Industrial Research (JAIR) Volume 4, Issue 2 July 2015, pp.43- 47.
 Vikrant Bhor1, Pankaj Morajkar2, Maheshwar Gurav3, Dishant Pandya,” Smart Garbage Management System”, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, Mumbai, India, vol. 4 Issue 03, 2015, pp.1117- 1119.
 Medvedev A, Fedchenkov P, Zaslavsky A, Anagnostopoulos T and Khoruzhnikov S 2015 Waste management as an IoT-enabled service in smart cities In Conference on Smart Spaces Springer International Publishing 104-15.